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Courtenay Tie Dye fabric used in Veda Clothing DesignsCourtesy-http://www.thisisveda.com/ Tie Dye is Fashionable Although in some ways tie dye fashion never left, the scene after all these years, tie dye shirts are making a significant comeback in the fashion world once again. One reason for this popularity is that wearing tie dye is still a way to make a statement- to be different, To be noticed and to feel alive with color is one reason to sport a tie dye.
Wearing a tie dye shirt shows you are an individual and unique in some way. In tie dye clothing you just look hip and can’t help but feel like part of the counter culture. You could ‘Occupy’ whatever space you are in while wearing your colors. A second reason is that fashion from the 1960s is coming back into style, which has made these tie dye designs much more desirable. Today tie dye is more prolific than ever before.
Numerous tie dye artists have gone into the business of tie dye since the early days when the Grateful Dead showcased the art form w with their stage speakers customized with Courtenay Pollock’s tie dyes. Now there are many wonderful tie dye artists out there creating excellent effects in tie dye and tie dyed clothing has moved into the mainstream of fashion. The History of Tie Dye Even though tie dye is frequently associated with the 1960s in the United States, its origins actually go back to about 500 AD in what is now Peru.
Further, several tie dye designs have been found in Japan and Indonesia and it is believed that these unique pieces are from the 8th century. Tie dye was first practiced in the United States in 1909, although it was not used much in the production of clothing. In the late 1960s, a number of musicians began wearing the style, with some creating their own tie dye shirts themselves like John Sebastian of the ‘Lovin Spoonful’.
Many bands, such as the Grateful Dead began making a statement with tie dye speaker covers, as well as wearing the Tie Dye T-Shirts themselves on stage. This is when tie dye became well-known in the late 60’s as a symbol of love, peace and freedom. It was a statement of being different and a way of un-linking from the old system. Tie Dye Mandala as Art Source: Tie Dye Mandala Art Original Tie Artist of the Grateful Dead During the height of this style’s popularity, many individuals sold tie dye products.
Today, however, only a few of the original tie dye artists are still producing. which has put a premium on their work. An artist whose name is synonymous with tie dye is Courtenay Pollock, who was the original tie dye artist for the Grateful Dead. From these roots has sprung a proliferation of tie dyers. The Grateful Dead toured for over 30 years straight, with many of their fans, ( dead heads ) wearing tie dyes created by numerous tie dyers across the nation.
Many such individuals created a living following the Grateful Dead and selling tie dyes to others fans in the car parks at the venues. These impromptu bazaars became a sub culture of their own around the Grateful Dead scene. Unique Method of Tie Dye Courtenay Pollock’s geometric method of creating tie dyes is different from others in the industry, as he uses a geometric folding technique that is very similar to origami.
He calls this process fabric fractal art or geometriart and believes that it is a unique method of tie dyeing .It produces a perfect symmetry in all of his designs. Many other tie dye artists have since mimicked his method and some of them with outstanding results. Once the cloth has been folded, the dye is applied by his dipping method. Since there are countless ways in which the shirt can be folded and many ways colours can be used in various layering effects, each shirt comes out distinctly different from the previous ones.
No two ever come out alike. The folding allows Pollock to be very precise with his designs, rather than randomly applying or squirting dye on to the cloth. His style of work requires a very fine tuned dipping method to get the right amount of dye to the fabric in just the right amount of layering. Because of this technique, each shirt has its own identity, just like every person who wears one of these designs.
There are many tie dye shirts on the market today that are spirals or twirls and they are mass produced with a cookie cutter technique. They can be bought on the internet for cheap, however, this is not the tie dye art designs we are talking about here. That is another method. Courtenay’s Geometriart is something altogether different. He invented his method in 1968, and started work with the Grateful Dead in 1970.
From there, he started creating backdrops and speaker covers for Grateful Dead concerts, in addition to the personal work he did for individual band members. His work got famous in those days. Everyone wanted an ‘Original Courtenay’. At one time his tie dye shirts alone were selling for $100! This was in the 1970’s. The Mandalas were going for over $250. His prices are still high today for the typical tie dye standards, but due to the uniqueness, plus the talent and fame of the artist, his work are all collectors items nowadays and well worth the price.
Fashionable Art Each of the tie dye shirts on the market is meant to be a form of expression. Every piece of clothing that is created in this manner is a piece of art that is worn on the body, rather than hung on the wall. Clothing that is made using this technique should be as unique as the individual who wears it, which is perhaps one reason why an increasing number of people are turning back to tie dye.
Although we can never bring the 1960s back, we can create the same feeling with these wonderful clothing designs. see more of his designs at: http://courtenaytiedye.com Advertisements
Various Crucial Artwork Principles have developed complete distinctive eras, along with the switching artists' perceptions of processing, examining, and responding to varied artwork forms. Their inventive expressions happen to be explored by their development, functionality, and participation in arts. Each and every historic period has provided novel contribution of historical and cultural contexts for establishing the important thing Arts Fundamentals with the appropriate time period. Visible Arts enable artists assimilate the real key Arts Ideas of Symmetry, Colour, Pattern, Distinction and the differences amongst 1 or maybe more components within the composition. The key Art Ideas of Visual Arts enable fully grasp and distinguish among the dimensions for instance, Symmetry & Asymmetry, Positive & Negative Space, Light & Dark, Solid & Transparent, and Large & Small.See Also: Academy Of Performing Arts San Diego
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An example of a tie-dyed T-shirt Play media This is a video about how to tie dye Tie-dye is a modern term invented in the mid-1960s in the United States (but recorded in writing in an earlier form in 1941 as "tied-and-dyed", and 1909 as "tied and dyed" by Charles E. Pellew, referenced below) for a set of ancient resist-dyeing techniques, and for the products of these processes. The process of tie-dye typically consists of folding, twisting, pleating, or crumpling fabric or a garment and binding with string or rubber bands, followed by application of dye(s).
The manipulations of the fabric prior to application of dye are called resists, as they partially or completely prevent the applied dye from coloring the fabric. More sophisticated tie-dyes involve additional steps, including an initial application of dye prior to the resist, multiple sequential dye and resist steps, and the use of other types of resists (stitching, stencils) and discharge. Unlike regular resist-dyeing techniques, tie-dye is characterized by the use of bright, saturated primary colors and bold patterns.
These patterns, including the spiral, mandala, and peace sign, and the use of multiple bold colors, have become cliched since the peak popularity of tie-dye in the 1960s and 1970s. The vast majority of currently produced tie-dyes use these designs, and many are mass-produced for wholesale distribution. However, a new interest in more 'sophisticated' tie-dye is emerging in the fashion industry, characterized by simple motifs, monochromatic color schemes, and a focus on fashionable garments and fabrics other than cotton.
 A few artists continue to pursue tie-dye as an art form rather than a commodity. Dyes, fabrics, and discharge agents A variety of dyes can be used in tie-dyeing, including household, fiber reactive, acid, and vat dyes. Most early (1960s) tie-dyes were made with retail household dyes, particularly those made by Rit. In order to be effective on different fibers, these dyes are composed of several different dyes, and thus are less effective, and more likely to bleed and fade, than pure dyes designed for specific fibers.
This is the basis for the famous 'pink socks' phenomenon that occurs when fabrics dyed with mixed dyes are washed with other garments. Most tie-dyes are now dyed with Procion MX fiber reactive dyes, a class of dyes effective on cellulose fibers such as cotton, hemp, rayon, and linen. This class of dyes reacts with fibers at alkaline (high) pH, forming a wash-fast, permanent bond. Soda ash (sodium carbonate) is the most common agent used to raise the pH and initiate the reaction, and is either added directly to the dye, or in a solution of water in which garments are soaked before dyeing.
Procion dyes are relatively safe and simple to use, and are the same dyes used commercially to color cellulosic fabrics. Protein-based fibers such as silk, wool, and feathers, as well as the synthetic polyamide fiber, nylon, can be dyed with acid dyes. As may be expected from the name, acid dyes are effective at acidic (low) pH, where they form ionic bonds with the fiber. Acid dyes are also relatively safe (some are used as food dyes) and simple to use.
Vat dyes, including indigo, are a third class of dyes that are effective on cellulosic fibers and silk. Vat dyes are insoluble in water in their unreduced form, and the vat dye must be chemically reduced before they can be used to color fabric. This is accomplished by heating the dye in a strongly basic solution of sodium hydroxide (lye) or sodium carbonate (caustic potash) containing a reducing agent such as sodium hydrosulfite or thiourea dioxide.
The fabric is immersed in the dye bath, and after removal the vat dye oxidizes to its insoluble form, binding with high wash-fastness to the fiber. However, vat dyes, and especially indigo, must be treated after dyeing by 'soaping' to prevent the dye from rubbing (crocking) off. Vat dyes can be used to simultaneously dye the fabric and to remove underlying fiber-reactive dye (i.e., can dye a black cotton fabric yellow) because of the bleaching action of the reducing bath (see below).
The extra complexity and safety issues (particularly when using strong bases such as lye) restrict use of vat dyes in tie-dye to experts. Discharge agents are used to bleach color from previously-dyed fabrics, and can be used in a sort of reverse tie-dye. Household bleach (sodium hypochlorite) can be used to discharge fiber reactive dyes on bleach-resistant fibers such as cotton or hemp (but not on wool or silk), though the results are variable, as some fiber reactive dyes are more resistant to bleach than others.
It is important to bleach only as long as required to obtain the desired shade, and to neutralize the bleach with agents such as sodium bisulfite, to prevent damage to the fibers. Thiourea dioxide is another commonly used discharge agent that can be used on cotton, wool, or silk. A thiourea dioxide discharge bath is made with hot water is made mildly basic with sodium carbonate. The results of thiourea dioxide discharge differ significantly from bleach discharge.
Discharge techniques, particularly using household bleach, are a readily accessible way to tie-dye without use of often messy and relatively expensive dyes. Designs and patterns Tie-dye can be used to create a wide variety of designs on fabric, from standard patterns such as the spiral, peace sign, diamond, and the marble effect to beautiful works of art. Using techniques such as stencils (a la screen printing using dyes or discharge pastes), clamped-on shaped blocks, and tritik (stitching and gathering), tie-dye can produce almost any design desired.
History Earliest examples The earliest surviving examples of pre-Columbian tie-dye in Peru date from 500 to 810 AD. Their designs include small circles and lines, with bright colors including red, yellow, blue, and green. Example of Mudmee tie-dye, an art form originating in Thailand Asia Zha Ran ancient name ' tie Valerian ' ' Additional Categories ' and ' dye Valerian ' is a dyeing process .
Fabric in dyeing partial ligation can not make up a colored dye method, which belongs to resist dyeing, is the traditional Chinese hand dye one of the technologies . Shibori includes a form of tie-dye that originated in Japan and Indonesia. It has been practiced there since at least the 8th century. Shibori includes a number of labor-intensive resist techniques including stitching elaborate patterns and tightly gathering the stitching before dyeing, forming intricate designs for kimonos.
Another shibori method is to wrap the fabric around a core of rope, wood or other material, and bind it tightly with string or thread. The areas of the fabric that are against the core or under the binding would remain undyed. In the 1941 book "Orphans of the Pacific", about Philippines, it was noted: "There are a few thousand Bagobos, who wear highly decorated clothing made of hemp fiber, all tied-and-dyed into fancy designs, and who further ornament themselves with big metal disks.
" Plangi and tritik are Indonesian words, derived from Japanese words, for methods related to tie-dye, and 'bandhna' a term from India, giving rise to the Bandhani fabrics of Rajasthan. Ikat is a method of tie-dyeing the warp or weft before the cloth is woven. Mudmee tie-dye originates in Thailand and neighboring part of Laos. It uses different shapes and colors from other types of tie-dye, and the colors are, in general, more subdued.
Another difference is that the base color is black. Africa A jau woman from the dyers' caste prepares a cotton band for tie-dye colouring, Sangha, Mali, 1980. Tie-dye techniques have also been used for centuries in the Hausa region of West Africa, with renowned indigo dye pits located in and around Kano, Nigeria. The tie-dyed clothing is then richly embroidered in traditional patterns. It has been suggested that these African techniques were the inspiration for the tie-dyed garments identified with hippie fashion.
 Tie-dye in the Western world Tie dye vendor, July 2013 A tie-dyed lab coat Tie-dyeing was known in the US by 1909, when Professor Charles E. Pellow of Columbia University acquired some samples of tie-dyed muslin and subsequently gave a lecture and live demonstration of the technique. Although shibori and batik techniques were used occasionally in Western fashion before the 1960s, modern psychedelic tie-dying did not become a fad until the late 1960s following the example set by rock stars such as Janis Joplin and John Sebastian (who did his own dyeing).
 The 2011 film documentary Magic Trip, which shows amateur film footage taken during the 1964 cross-country bus journey of countercultural icon Ken Kesey and his Merry Pranksters, shows the travelers developing a form of tie-dye by taking LSD beside a pond and pouring enamel-based model airplane paint into it, before placing a white T-shirt upon the surface of the water. Although the process is closer to paper marbling, in the accompanying narrative, the travelers claim credit for inventing tie-dyeing.
 Tie-dying, particularly after the introduction of affordable Rit dyes, became popular as a cheap and accessible way to customize inexpensive T-shirts, singlets, dresses, jeans, army surplus clothing, and other garments into psychedelic creations. Some of the leading names in tie-dye at this time were Water Baby Dye Works (run by Ann Thomas and Maureen Mubeem), Bert Bliss, and Up Tied, the latter winning a Coty Award for "major creativity in fabrics" in 1970.
 Up Tied created tie-dyed velvets and silk chiffons which were used for exclusive one-of-a-kind garments by Halston, Donald Brooks, and Gayle Kirkpatrick, whilst another tie-dyer, Smooth Tooth Inc. dyed garments for Dior and Jonathan Logan. In late 1960s London, Gordon Deighton created tie-dyed shirts and trousers for young fashionable men which he sold through the Simpsons of Piccadilly department store in London.
 See also Batik Psychedelic art Bagh Prints References ^ "Orphans of the Pacific", a book about Philippines published in 1941, referring to tie-dying among the Bagobo tribe: "There are a few thousand Bagobos, who wear highly decorated clothing made of hemp fiber, all tied-and-dyed into fancy designs, and who further ornament themselves with big metal disks." ^ Ebert, Erin. "Sense Of Fashion: Tie-dye gets modern".
Savanna Now. Morris Publishing, Inc. Retrieved 16 November 2013. ^ a b Pollock, Courtney. "Courtney Tie Dye". Retrieved 16 November 2013. ^ Deprez, Mary Patricia. "Home". Tie Dye Mary. Retrieved 16 November 2013. ^ Ransom, Richard. "Home". Live Dye. Retrieved 16 November 2013. ^ Ransom, Richard. "Tie-Dye Techniques 2 - First Decisions". Live Dye. Retrieved 16 November 2013. ^ Burch, Paula. "About Fiber Reactive Dyes".
All About Hand Dyeing. Retrieved 16 November 2013. ^ Burch, Paula. "Acid Dyes". All About Hand Dyeing. Retrieved 16 November 2013. ^ "Vat Dyes" (PDF). Immersion Dyeing Using PRO Vat Dyes. PRO Chemical & Dye. Retrieved 16 November 2013. ^ "Amarras Replication Research". World Shibori Network. Retrieved 2012-12-15. ^ a b c Hoffmann, Frank W.; William G. Bailey (1994). Fashion & merchandising fads.
New York: Haworth Press. p. 257. ISBN 1560243767. ^ Pellew, Charles E. (1909). "Tied and Dyed Work: An Oriental Process with American Variations". Craftsman. 16: 695–701. Retrieved 15 December 2012. ^ a b c d "The Psychedelic Tie-Dye Look". TIME Magazine. 26 January 1970. Retrieved 14 December 2012.(subscription required) ^ Alex Gibney & Alison Ellwood (2011) [with 1964 footage]. Magic Trip: Ken Kesey's Search for a Kool Place (documentary film).
United States: A&E IndieFilms, Phoenix Wiley. ^ "Lady Fare" (29 September 1970). "Bill Blass Named to Hall of Fame". The News and Courier. Retrieved 14 December 2012. ^ McDowell, Colin (1984). McDowell's Directory of Twentieth Century Fashion. Frederick Muller. pp. 299–301. ISBN 0-584-11070-7. ^ "Trousers by Gordon Deighton in tie-dyed silk". V&A. Retrieved 15 December 2012. Further reading Weinger, Erin (2003-05-29).
"Psychedelic Beginnings". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-12-15. Meilach, Dona (1973). Contemporary Batik and Tie-Dye. New York, NY: Crown Publishers, Inc. ISBN 0517500884. Belfer, Nancy (1992). Batik and Tie Dye Techniques. Dover Publications. ISBN 0486271315. Maile, Anne (1971). Tie and Dye as a Present Day Craft. Taplinger Publishing Co. ISBN 0800877004. Simon-Alexander, Shabd (2013). Tie-Dye: Dye It, Wear It, Share It.
Potter Craft. ISBN 9780307965738. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tie-dye. Blanken, Rain. "How-To Tie Dye Instructions". About.com. Retrieved 15 December 2012. "Tie-Dye Wiki". Tie-dye Wiki. Retrieved 2012-12-15. "How To Tie Dye". How To Tie Dye. Retrieved 2014-04-14. "Study Mudmee Tie Dye". Study Mudmee Tie Dye. Retrieved 2013-05-22. "Mudmee Tie Dye". Mudmee Tie Dye. Retrieved 2013-05-22.
"Tie dye chemical colors". http://diarylove.com/forum_posts.asp?TID=5070 "Tie dye in Thailand". http://www.kiriwonggroup.com/dye.html v t e Dyeing Techniques Batik Dyeing Ikat Kalamkari Katazome Leheria Mordant Reactive dye printing Resist Ring dyeing Rōketsuzome Shibori Tie-dye Tsutsugaki Types of dyes Dyes Natural Acid Reactive Solvent Substantive Sulfur Vat Disperse Traditional textile dyes Armenian cochineal Black walnut Bloodroot Brazilin Cochineal Cudbear Cutch Dyewoods Fustic Gamboge Henna Indigo Kermes Logwood Madder Polish cochineal Saffron Turmeric Tyrian purple Weld Woad History Use of saffron In Scottish Highlands Craft dyes Dylon Inkodye Procion Rit Reference Glossary of dyeing terms List of dyes v t e Hippies History of the hippie movement Etymology of 'hippie' Beat Generation/Beatniks Central Park be-in Counterculture of the 1960s Red Dog Experience San Francisco Sound Drop City Sunset Strip curfew riots Love Pageant Rally Haight-Ashbury Human Be-In Mantra-Rock Dance Summer of Love Fantasy Fair Monterey Pop Festival Newport Pop Festival Sky River Rock Festival People's Park Woodstock Glastonbury Festival The Farm Piedra Roja Festival Rock y Ruedas de Avándaro Nambassa People and groups Ken Kesey and the Merry Pranksters Further bus Diggers San Francisco Oracle Haight Ashbury Free Clinics Haight-Ashbury Switchboard Yippies Wavy Gravy and the Hog Farm Collective Brotherhood of Eternal Love Rainbow Family Deadhead New Age travellers Radical Faeries Politics and ethics Free love Anti-authoritarianism Simple living Environmentalism Pacifism Communalism Counterculture Bohemianism Make love, not war Turn on, tune in, drop out Vegetarianism Veganism Culture and fashion Psychedelia Flower power Hippie trail Hippie exploitation films Happening Peace symbols Bell-bottoms Love beads Long hair Tie-dye Intentional community communal living Free festival Music festival Flower child Music Folk music Folk rock Protest music Psychedelic music Psychedelic folk Psychedelic rock Psychedelic soul Psychedelic pop Psychedelic trance Acid rock Space rock Progressive rock Raga rock World music New-age music Jam bands List of jam band music festivals List of historic rock festivals Psychedelics and other drugs Cannabis LSD Magic mushrooms Mescaline Peyote Related List of films List of books and other publications Subculture Cannabis culture Cyberdelic Head shop Underground press press syndicate list New Age movement Legend of the Rainbow Warriors Freak scene Free Speech Movement Anti-war movement Civil Rights Movement Protests of 1968 Chicago Seven New Left UK underground La Onda New social movements Mánička Post-materialism Neotribalism Hungry generation Sexual revolution Second Summer of Love Neo-psychedelia v t e Decorative arts and handicrafts Textile Banner-making Canvas work Cross-stitch Crocheting Embroidery Felting Friendship bracelet Knitting Lace-making Lucet Macrame Millinery Needlepoint Needlework Patchwork Quilting Ribbon embroidery Rug hooking Rug making Sewing Shoemaking Spinning (textiles) String art Tapestry Tatting Tie-dye Weaving Paper Altered book Bookbinding Calligraphy Cardmaking Cast paper Collage Decoupage Photomontage Iris folding Jianzhi Origami Kirigami Moneygami Embossing Marbling Papercraft Papercutting Papermaking Paper toys Papier-mâché Pop-up book Quilling Scrapbooking Stamping Wallpaper Wood Bentwood Cabinetry Carpentry Chip carving Ébéniste Fretwork Intarsia Marquetry Wood burning Wood carving Woodturning Ceramic Azulejo Bone china Earthenware Porcelain Pottery Stoneware Terracotta Glass Cameo glass Glassware Stained glass Metal Engraving Jewellery Goldsmith Silversmith Other Assemblage Balloon modelling Beadwork Bone carving Doll making Dollhouse Egg decorating Engraved gems Hardstone carving Lathart Lapidary Leatherworking Miniatures Micromosaic Mosaic Glass mosaic Pietra dura Pressed flower craft Scrimshaw Straw marquetry Wall decal Retrieved from "https://en.
Title: What Is Tie And Dye In Art