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Printmaking for Collage September 13, 2012 When I started making collage more than 25 years ago, I liked to use cut-outs from magazines. I never had enough papers with the right images and it took a really long time to collect the papers I wanted. I always needed more papers. So I added handmade and decorated imported papers to the magazine cut-out papers. Handmade papers can be very expensive.
I didn’t want to use junk papers. I love saturated color and texture and pattern, and that usually costs more. I started to paint magazine papers with acrylic paints. The bigger and fatter the magazine, the better. Heavy body acrylics are the kind I like. I also work with “open” acrylic paints because they stay wet longer. Recently I created printed papers for collage and used the open acrylics.
It was an experiment. It didn’t work. Open acrylics work so well for painted papers, but I don’t like the way the paints transfer image and color when it’s a print. It’s not as rich as printmaking with oil and water-based inks. The acrylic colors are flat and dull when the paint is transferred to the paper. Exploring Printmaking with Intaglio Inks and Oil Paints I tried printmaking with Akua intaglio inks.
I like the way the inks transfer pattern and color. I love the mellow surface. The image below is a sample of the papers created with the Akua Intaglio inks. I will use these papers for collage. printed papers made with Akua intaglio inks I was able to get transparencies and also texture. Read more about how to work with the Akua intaglio inks. Oil Paints for a Collagraph Print Collage The image below is a sample of the papers I created with oil paints.
This was a lot of fun. I used a palette knife to apply oil paint directly onto brown supermarket bags cut into small pieces. I laid the painted papers face up onto a Plexiglas plate and placed a dry piece of printmaking paper on top and ran the print through the press. What you see below is not the print. These are the papers that were inked with oil paint and used to make the print. printed papers made with oil paint I said the printmaking process was “collagraph.
” In this process, I ink the papers with oil paint and place them onto the print plate and transfer the paint from the loose papers. Typically, when you make a collagraph, you build up the surface of the plate with texture by brushing on acrylic mediums, or gluing down textured papers, silk fabric, or even painting with glue. After the media is dry, you ink and wipe the plate, place the printmaking paper on top and run it through the press.
The Print Parts Became a Whole Collage I didn ‘t like my collagraph at all. The painted papers didn’t transfer the the paint the way I wanted them to, probably because the painted papers were in two layers. The transferred image was too light. But, I loved the way the papers looked, and decided to use them for collage. I had to let them dry for 2 days. I made 3 collages. See them below. 2 are glued to wood panels that are about 1 inch thick.
One is glued to paper. I will donate these to the Silvermine Arts Center for their benefit Signed Sealed & Delivered on Sunday, October 28, 2012. At Signed Sealed & Delivered, all of the works are 4×6 inches. Some of the works are 3D. All are for sale. Read more about the benefit event at Silvermine Arts Center. See how the works are installed for the public to view and select. The works are by Silvermine Guild artists, faculty and well-known friends.
The event will benefit Silvermine’s public programs. The images below looks layered. Actually, the semi-transparent areas are where I removed a layer of paper. collage, oil painted papers on paper, 4×6 inches The image above is collage on paper. The image below is collage on wood panel. Notice the strip of paper that looks orange and blue located near the bottom. That is actually the reverse side of the painted paper.
It’s the supermarket bag side. I like the texture and mottled effect. collage, oil paint papers on wood panel, 4×6 inches collage, oil paint papers on wood panel, 4×6 inches Paper is a huge category. Handmade papers can be very expensive. There are many choices for paper collage that are not too expensive. You can use construction paper, sandpaper, copier paper, tissue paper, wrapping paper, wallpaper, paper bags, junk mail, papers you collect (letters, postcards, receipts), photographs, and more.
You can use books and book covers. Don’t throw anything away! I often recycle papers, and use my own drawings, paintings and prints. Best, for me, is to create my own papers for collage. Advertisements Posted by nikkalFiled in 3 dimensional collage, collage, collage prints, collagraph prints, Contemporary Art, cut paper collage, drawing and collage, geometric collage, Silvermine Arts CenterTags: acrylic colors, arts, handmade papers, oil paints 7 Comments » TINY PAPERS for a COLLAGE PRINT July 26, 2012 A student in my collage class at the Pelham Art Center asked me to include a printmaking project.
In a collage context, that means collagraph (a print made with a collage technique). I thought that was a good idea for a class project because a collagraph can be the beginning of many things – it can be a finished work – it can be the start of a mixed media collage – and it can be a source for collage papers. Collage artists need a lot of different papers and printmaking is a good way to create interesting papers for collage.
I thought of 3 different collagraph techniques working with ink and paper and how you can prepare a plate for a print. I think I will show all 3 techniques in the next several weeks. PREPARE THE COLLAGRAPH PLATE: One technique is to glue papers to a hard surface like cardboard, Plexiglas or hardboard (Masonite), allow the papers to dry and, using a brayer (roller) or paintbrush, cover the papers with paint or ink.
student collagraph plate A second technique is to use papers (cutout stencil pieces) that are not glued to the cardboard, Plexiglas or hardboard plate. You ink the bottom plate and then place the papers onto the inked bottom layer and use a brayer or paintbrush to add another color to the papers. A third technique is to create a design or image directly on the plate with glue or acrylic media with a brush, a squeeze bottle and let it dry, and then roll ink or paint onto the plate.
The image above is a collagraph plate prepared by a student in the class at the Pelham Art Center. The white background is acrylic gesso on the Masonite. Gesso is an art material used as a primary coat. 2 coats of gesso were applied. The papers are medium weight drawing papers cut and glued to the gesso-coated hardboard. The plate is not ready to be printed because it needs to get a coat of acrylic medium before it can be inked and used to make a print.
The coat of acrylic medium will protect it from water and solvents so it can be used many times to print. After the plate is inked (and printed) it will take on the colors of the inks. Plates sometimes become very beautiful as they are inked and used. At the next class session we will apply acrylic medium in 2 coats, allow it to dry, ink the plate and make one or more prints. PREPARE THE INK FOR PRINTING We will use oil-based inks and spread the ink with a brayer in a thin layer onto a piece of plate glass ¼ inch thick.
The ink on the brayer will be rolled onto the collagraph plate. More than one ink color can be applied to the plate with brush or brayer as multiple steps. PREPARE THE PAPERS FOR PRINTING You want to have printmaking papers prepared in advance (sized, a little damp) so that as soon as the plate is inked you can place the paper on top of the plate and print. It’s important that paper is sized larger than the plate.
You want to see a border around the print. The technique for printing is simple: You place the clean printmaking paper on top of the inked plate and transfer the image by hand or with a press. Practice makes perfect. my demo collagraph plate my drawing in pen and ink The images above are my collagraph plate (demo plate for the class) and the pen and ink drawing that inspired the shape of the paper pieces for the collagraph plate.
It will be interesting to see how the print turns out and how it is different from the pen and ink drawing. I will experiment with black and white and colored inks. NO BIG PAPERS for this PRINT I asked students to cut the papers small because the Masonite plate was also small. The size of the design elements or image you glue onto the plate should be relative to the size of the plate. The size of the plate should be relative to the size of the paper you want to print your image on.
It’s probably a good idea to determine the size of your paper first and then find the plate that will be the base for your print. Printmaking papers come in standard sizes. If you use drawing papers from a drawing sketchbook, those papers come in standard sizes also. I have drawing paper from a pad that is close to the size of the collagraph plate. I will show students how to tear other papers to size at the next class.
Many artists like the torn (deckled) edge for printmaking paper and there is a special technique for tearing papers. PRINTMAKING BY HAND I ordered a PIN PRESS from Rostow and Jung Akua Inks and will bring it to class. The pin press replaces a printmaking press and is easy to use and is affordable for a serious printmaker who doesn’t have the space for a flatbed print press. Read about the pin press (see what it looks like)… I will also bring sturdy wooden spoons and a printmaking barren so that people can transfer their image to paper by hand.
The Rostow and Jung Akua website has many links to tutorials and videos on many different printmaking techniques, including monotype, monoprint, carborundum, silk aquatint, linocut, woodcut and more. The 2 images below are collages I made with my own monoprint papers. I like to recycle print papers. Recycle Totems is 16 x 18 inches. Recycle Grid is 17 x 14 inches. Nikkal, Recycle Totems, collage Nikkal, Recycle Grid, collage Posted by nikkalFiled in collage, collage prints, collage workshops, collagraph prints, creativity, cut paper collage, drawing and collage, Pelham Art CenterTags: collage project, printmaking and collage 1 Comment »
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Collagraph printing is a technique where textured materials are glued on to a base to make a plate or block which can then be inked (with a printmaking brayer or by using a brush) and transferred on to a prepared surface. collagraph bowl print using cardboard shapes Collagraphs are an easy and satisfying way to make prints using found materials such as cut out cardboard, string, rice, plants or whatever else might trigger your imagination.
Last week I found this beautiful old linen lace square in an opportunity shop and decided to use it to make some prints. Old lace square for collagraph plate I glued the square onto a piece of heavy card (it was straw board but matt board would do) using PVA and when it was dry, I coated the linen and board on both sides with two coats of shellac to make it waterproof. This became my collagraph plate.
Here is the plate. Collagraph plate inked for printing Then I rolled oil based printmaking ink (waterbased would do) onto the collagraph using a brayer, placed a sheet of dampened printmaking paper on top of the cardboard plate and rolled it all through the old wooden mangle I use as a printing press. I used a rag paper for letterpress printing. Here are the results. Lace collagraph print Another print from the lace collagraph Collagraphs are so much fun to make and you never know what interesting and unexpected prints they might produce.
If you don’t have a press, you can rub a fine Japanese paper on to the block to transfer the ink. Check out this link for more information about collagraphs. http://www.swanseaprintworkshop.org.uk/printmakingprocesses/collagraph.htm Advertisements
Title: What Is A Collagraph In Art