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Japanese Martial Arts started during the medieval period in Japan. It was mainly practiced by the Samurai class. It was a period of fighting, struggling and war. A samurai was gifted with this art, as it could save him from enemy attack. The word �Martial� means fighting. It was really a fighting skill rather than a recreational sport during that period. It helped people protect themselves in case of combative attack.
It can�t be denied that, Japanese Martial Art was a powerful weapon for common people in medieval Japan. Most of the martial arts were imported from China. They were gradually modified by the Japanese until more arts were developed. Archery and sword-fighting are the main two arts amongst them. Some of them became rituals in Zen Buddhism. Japanese Martial Arts differ from it�s Chinese counterpart in style.
Japanese Martial Arts involves straight-line attacks, whereas Chinese techniques are more circular. The martial arts of Japan have a wide range starting from empty hand�to�hand techniques, to fighting with several weapons. Japanese arts can be categorized generally in to 5 different arts of fighting. They are Karate, Aikido, Juijutsu, Judo, and Kendo. Karate is the most popular amongst all of these.
Karate was originated in Okinawa. Karate means empty hand. This isn�t irony, because the people of Okinawa fought empty handed using this famous Japanese Martial Art. Gichin Funakoshi invented Karate. He impressed the then Emperor of Japan by showing his skill and started teaching this Japanese martial art in Japan in 1921.Within five years, Karate became the most popular Japanese Martial Art. Funakoshi also opened a training hall (dojo) in Tokyo.
Thus, Karate gained popularity inside and outside of Japan. Aikido is another popular Japanese Martial Art. It is a purely traditional art and a very strict one at that! It is a self-defensive type of art. The name �Aikido� defines the characteristic of this art. �Ai� means harmony, �Ki� means source of energy, & �Do� means the way. These three words together mean that it is a way of keeping harmony in the body by using the spirit of energy.
Aikido has a religious influence and practitioners believe that it�s the way to save mankind from danger or evil. Juijutsu is an ancient art. The word �Juijutsu� means gentle art. Ironically, it is a martial art based on several joint locks & throwing techniques of the body to attack enemies. It is very effective method of defense against an armed opponent. Many Japanese martial arts advocate�s believe that Jujutsu is the ancestor of all martial arts in Japan.
Additional martial arts include Kendo and Judo. Kendo is a martial art which utilizes words. It�s a fencing martial art that requires a lot of discipline and skill. This art differs greatly from Judo, which is a unarmed combative sport. It�s rules are very complex and it is one of the most popular Japanese martial arts practiced globally.
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Kickboxing Kickboxing combines the techniques and strategy of both boxing and kicking, and is one of the most popular and fastest growing martial arts today. What we call kickboxing today arose out of full contact karate competitions in the 1960’s with fighters such as Bill Wallace, Joe Lewis, Benny “The Jet”, and Chuck Norris. Each fighter had different backgrounds in boxing, karate, or other martial arts, and new strategies and fighting styles developed out of the need for a comprehensive form of fighting that was effective in the ring.
What we call kickboxing today arose out of full contact karate competitions in the 1960’s with fighters such as Bill Wallace, Joe Lewis, Benny “The Jet”, and Chuck Norris. Each fighter had different backgrounds in boxing, karate, or other martial arts, and new strategies and fighting styles developed out of the need for a comprehensive form of fighting that was effective in the ring. Over time this fighting style became known as kickboxing, and new organizations were created to promote kickboxing tournaments and to train fighters.
Kickboxing has gained recognition as a highly effective martial art for both ring fighting and for holistic fitness. Students learn the effective use of both boxing and kicking techniques, which makes students confident in self defense, and also helps them develop strong bodies.While kickboxing fist developed as a martial art for tournament fighting, in recent days kickboxing has become very popular, especially with women, because the kickboxing workout is excellent for developing body toning, burning fat, and at the same time developing confidence.
Kickboxing today is changing to Sport Kickboxing, reflecting the movement of kickboxing towards a martial art which has benefits not only for fighters, but for people who want to gain the benefits of a well rounded martial art that promotes positive results in both mind and body. According to numerous legends, martial arts seems to have his origins in South East Asia or India. Siddartha Gautama was a prince in northern India around 560 BCE.
Being a prince, he was never allowed to leave the palace grounds. Letting his curiosity get the better of him, he looked outside one day only to see many of his subjects suffering in poverty. Not understanding why people had to suffer, he set out on a quest to the forest to search for truth. He searched for 14 years, virtually alone in the jungles of India. One day while sitting under a bodhi tree he became enlightened and afterwards traveled all over Asia in order to teach others this path towards enlightenment.
He became known as the Buddha. One of his disciples, Bohdidarma, later travelled to China to enlighten people there. With the amount of traveling and different people he encountered he realized that his body and those of his disciples were not strong enough to endure their journey to bring enlightenment to others. He developed repetitive exercises that would strengthen the body, which he taught his disciples.
These training methods were later adopted by the monasteries of the Shaolin Temples in China, where the techniques were refined by succeeding Shaolin masters to become the powerful and graceful Shaolin Temple boxing. Over many years of refinement, the Chinese developed the martial arts into Kempo and Shaolin Kung-fu. Martial arts eventually moved to Okinawa through traders from the Fukien Province of China , and was developed into a martial art known as Okinawa-te.
Okinawa-Te was not the only form of martial arts being developed in Japan at the time(judo, kendo, bo etc), however they all seem to have originated from Zen Buddhism (the Japanese adaptation of Buddhism). In the 8th century, what became today’s Sumo, was an art which had techniques attributed now to Judo and karate. Martial Arts really blossomed around the time when the Buddhist priests began to train to reach “illumination”.
Around the 7th or 8th century, these Buddhists brought back to Japan techniques studied in China whilst there were staying at Sui and Tang courts. Martial Arts was practiced for most part by those in Zen Buddhist temples and remained secret for many years. OkinawaThe martial arts of the Okinawa Islands dates back to the 7th century. Chinese martial arts were introduced to Okinawa through Chinese taoist and buddhist monks late in this century.
Later, in 1392, 36 Chinese families were relocted to Okinawa, and their style of martial arts, kenpo(chinese boxing’ was absorbed into Okinawan martial arts and formed the basis of Okinawa-te. The origin of today’s four major Japanese karate-do systems (Shoto-kan, Shito-ryu, Goju-ryu, and Wado-ryu)can be traced to a group of islands known as the Ryukyu Island chain during the 18th century. The chain is located between Japan (North-East), mainland China (West), and Taiwan (South-West).
Okinawa is the largest of the islands and there was an native martial art form that was being secretly practiced called ‘Te’ or ‘hands’. Some of the features of Okinawan karate included the use of the fists, toes, elbows, and knife hands. It is the use of fists that are unique to Okinawan ‘te’. Okinawan ‘te’ was heavily influenced by cultural exchange with Asia, especially China. Over time, the secret martial art practiced by the Okinawans, ‘Te’, was combined with various Chinese martial arts fighting styles that evolved into a system referred to simply as ‘To-De’ or ‘Chinese Hand’.
Shaolin boxing found it’s way to Okinawa from China in the 16th Century. Over the years it combined with Okinawan techniques to eventually form many different styles. Unarmed combat became especially important to Okinawan society when the owning and carrying of weapons was banned during several periods of Okinawan history. The first ban was made by an early Okinawan king, Sho Shin, who wanted to consolidate his power, and later in 1609 by the Satsuma Clan from southern Japan, who conquered Okinawa in that same year.
This ban lasted almost 300 years, and rather than the art of te disappearing, training went on in secret. The martial arts were passed down from father to son in secret, for fear of being caught. Each ban led to greater advancements in techniques for unarmed fighting. The result of these bans then was twofold: Karate was only practiced in secret, and kobudo, which involves the martial use of common household and farming implements, was born.
During this time, Okinawa traded heavily with the Fukien province of China, and one of the imports was Kempo, Chinese Boxing. The art was originally known as Okinawa-te, but later became know as kara-te. Karate actually has two meanings, one for each of it’s cultural roots. Karate means “empty hand” in Japanese, and in Chinese Karate meant “Chinese hand”. Most likely the term karate meant “Chinese Hand” at this point in history.
In the 18th century te developed in three main areas of Okinawa; Shuri, Naha, and Tamari. The styles that resulted were called Shuri-te, Naha-te, and Tamari-te. NAHANaha’s most famous master in the development of ‘Naha-Te’ was Kanryo Higashionna (1853-1915). He received instruction from master Arakaki (1840-1918). Kanyro Higaonna was a To-Te practitioner in the late 19th Century and taught To-Te forms in Okinawa, but he modified the forms to include the Okinawan style closed fist, rather than the open hand techniques of to-te.
Master Higashionna taught many students including Chojun Miyagi (1888-1953), the founder of Goju-ryu,and Kenwa Mabuni (1889-1915), the founder of Shito-ryu. TOMARIIn Tomari, two great masters became important historical figures in the development Tomari-te. They were Kokan Oyadomari (1831-1905) who taught Chotoku Kyan (1870-1945) and Kosaku Matsumora (1797-1898), who taught Ankoh Itosu (1830-1915).
SHURIShuri’s main teacher in the development of Shuri-te was master Sakugawa (1733-1815), who was widely known by the nickname of To-De Sakugawa. Sakugawa learned To-De in China and it is said he received instuction from Peichin Takahara and from a Chinese military officer‚ known as Ku-San-Ku, who was an expert in the art of Chinese-Boxing. His most recognizable student was Sokon Matsumura (1809-1894) who was Ankoh Itosu’s teacher.
The system of the Tomari region became absorbed into the Shuri system because of lack of development in Tomari. This gradually left only two main systems, referred to as Shorin-ryu, from Shuri-te and Shorei-ryu, from Naha-te. Gichin Funakoshi characterized Shuri-te/Shorin-ryu as quick in it’s movements, and as a good style for smaller men, while Shorei-te he said worked better for heavier people.
The differences between styles can be seen in their patterns of movement and breathing. The movement in Shuri-te is a natural style of movement, with the feet moving quickly forward and backward in straight lines. Breathing is also of a natural rhythm and there is no perscribed method of breathing. Naha-te’s style of movement is more solid and slower than Shuri-te and the feet travel in half moon shapes rather than straight forward and back.
Ankoh Itosu was born in Shuri and became one of the most respected martial artists in Okinawa during the 19th century. He was the first individual to introduce To-De in 1904 and began the transformation of to-de from a feudal martial art to a sport based martial art. Master Itosu also organized and systemized To-De into a standard method of practice and created the Pinan katas for beginning martial artists.
Master Itosu trained a great number of eminent karatemen, including Kentsu Yabu (1863-1937), Chomo Hanashiro (1869-1945), Gichin Funakoshi (1867-1957), Moden Yabiku (1880-1941), Kanken Toyama (1888-1966),Chotoku Kyan (1870-1945), Shinpan Shiroma (1890-1954), Anbun Tokuda (1886-1945) and Kenwa Mabuni (1889-1952). Kanryo Higaonna was born in Naha in 1853. He began training in the martial arts with a Chinese Kempo stylist when he was around 16 years old.
His fascination for this Chinese fighting-art form lead him to train in Foochow, China for approximately 15 years. After returning to Okinawa, he was eventually convinced to teach his system of martial arts. It was during this period that he introduced the hard (go) and soft (ju) methods of training. Kanryo Higaonna was also considered to be one of the most highly respected martial artists in Okinawa during the 19th century.
Master Higaonna had many students among whom were Chojun Miyagi (founder of Goju-ryu), Juhatsu Kiyoda (founder of Toon-ryu, Kanken Toyama, and Kenwa Mabuni (founder of Shito-ryu). Gichin Funakoshi developed the martial arts style Shoto-kan karate. In 1922 Gichin Funakoshi and Choki Motobu went to Tokyo and Osaka and introduced Japanese society to martial arts, and in 1931 was officially adopted by the Nippon Butoku Kai association of martial arts.
At this time this form of martial arts was simply called To-De. In 1936 a group of masters, Chojun Miyagi, Chomo Hanshiro, Choki Motobu, and Chotoku Kyan agreed that this martial art should be called karate, or open-hand. Open hand refers to a weaponless martial art, rather than having one’s hands open. Shotokan Karate Shotokan Karate is characterized by powerful linear techniques and low, deep, strong stances.
The emphasis in Shotokan is on maintaining correct body posture and in perfecting the basic techniques. Techniques should be sharp, strong, and without error. Part of the discipline of Shotokan Karate is maintained thrugh it’s mastery of basic techniques. Gichin Funakoshi was born in 1868 and began the study of karate when he was 11 years old. His primary teachers were Yasutsune Azato and Itosu.
Gichin Funakoshi is considered by Shotokan stylists to be the ‘father’ of modern karate due to his efforts to introduce Karate to Japan. Gichin Funakoshi was the first karate-do practitioner to bring karate to mainland Japan. He gave a demonstration in 1916 to the Butokuden in Kyoto Japan, then the center of all martialm arts in Japan. In 1921 Gichin Funakoshi gave a demonstration of karate to the future Emperor of Japan, and in 1922 travelled to Tokyo to present karate to the Ministry of education.
His style was so popular that he remained in Japan to teach his style, and never returned to Okinawa. Funakoshi taught martial arts as a life style – a way of living which required discipline and dedication to the precepts of martial arts. His style synthesized Okinawan martial arts into a strong system of martial arts. This method became known as Shotokan, literally the house of Shoto, which was the Funakoshi’s pen name for his poetry.
Shotokan also refers to the sound of wind blowing through pine trees. At the age of 70, Funakoshi opened his own dojo, which was called Shotokan. Shito-ryu Karate The founder of Shito-ryu was Kenwa Mabuni. He was born in Shuri, Okinawa in 1889. As a child, he was quite ill and not very strong. In 1902, at the age of 13, his family brought him to Ankoh Itosu, the most famous martial artist in Shuri, to try to improve his health.
Seven years later, in 1909, Kenwa Mabuni went to Naha and began training with Kanyro Higaonna at the urging of his Intructor, Itosu, and his friend, Chojun Myagi(the founder of Goju-ryu). While he was in Naha he also received instruction from Seisho Arakaki who taught a similar style to master Higashionna. Arakaki was a weapons(kobujitsu) teacher and taught Kenwa Mabuni various weapons forms and techniques.
Kenwa Mabuni was also influenced by Wu Xian Gui, a White Crane fist master in the Fukien province of China. After he completed military service, he moved to Osaka, Japan, and started to teach out of his house. He also had become a police officer and taught at police stations and Universities in Japan. In order to promote his style of martial arts, Kenwa Mabuni gave public demonstrations where he would break bricks and boards to show the effectiveness of karate.
In 1931 Shito-ryu was accepted as a style of martial art by the Dai Nippon Karate-do Kai association. This group later was later renamed the World Shito-Kai Karatedo Federation. The name Shito-ryu was taken from the first charatcer of each of Kenwa Mabuni’s teacher’s names. The first charatcer came from Itosu’s name, “Shi”; the second charcter came from Higaonna’s name, “to”. Thus originated Shito-ryu Karate.
Ryu means style. Shito-ryu karate-do uses a large number of kata – approximately fifty – and the style is characterized by an emphasis on power in the execution of techniques. Find any below information about: martialarts,martial,arts,kickboxing,kick,boxing,mma,mixed,karate,taekwondo,tae,kwon,do,juitsu,BJJ,kenpo,kendo,kyokushinkai,self,defense,women,men,children,youth,world,equipment,tournament,ring,fight,fighting,fitness,Canada,USA,Unitedstate,united,state,Arab,Emarate,Japan,Korea,Iran,IRI,Islamic,republic,of,Iran,islamicrepublicofiran,Kitsilano,Burnaby,Surrey,Ottawa,Ontario,Alberta,Calgary,Victoria,France,Germany,UK,Englan Kyokushin Karate The founder of Kyokushin Karate, Masutasu Oyama, was born on July 12th, 1923 in Korea, and immigrated to Japan as a young boy.
Upon arriving in Japan he took the name Oyama, meaning”Great Mountain” in Japanese. Sensei Oyama studied karate under Giko Funakoshi (the son of Gichin Funakoshi, founder of Shotokan Karate), and later studied martial arts in isolation in order to increase his understanding of the martial arts. Kyokushin Karate as envisioned by Sensei Oyama is a discipline which can focuses as much on physical discipline as it does on the spiritual development of the individual.
“Kyokushin” is composed of of two words, Kyoku (ultimate) and Shin (reality or truth from within). The physical discipline is necessary for the development of mental discipline. Kyokushin Karate teaches practical kicks, blocks, punches and movement as well as mental discipline. The use of circular movement in the execution of techniques distinguishes Kyokushin Karate from other traditional styles of Karate, which rely on linear motion.
To demonstrate the power of his karate, Mas Oyama began fighting with Bulls in 1950. In total he fought 52 bulls, killing 3, and taking the horns of 49 with knife hand blows. Only once did he get injured, being cored through the side. He still managed to take the bull by the horn and defeat his opponent before going to the hospital to recover. Kyokushin training is noted for being very rigorous and it’s belief in fighting with hard contact to simulate a realistic situation.
This form of karate believes that this contact serves to allow students to realize how strong their body and spirit is, and helps to prepare the student for fighting in a real situation. The phrase “osu no seidhin”, perseverance under pressure, signifies this belief.Kyokushin philosophy is stated in the following quote from Sensei Oyama, “1000 days of training a beginner, 10000 days of training, a glimpse of the mysteries” Mas Oyama started a tradition unique to the Kyokushin style, the One Hundred Man Kumite.
Each person in the kumite has to fight 100 other Kyokushin fighters in a full contact match lasting two minutes each. If a fighter is knocked down to the ground for more than 5 seconds, the fighter would lose the contest. The fighter with the most full points, and the one that threw the most offensive techniques, would win the contest. Mas Oyama himself fought 100 opponents a day for three consecutive days, and did not continue on the fourth only because there were no more opponents left to fight! To this day there are only 13 other people to successfully complete this challenge.
In order to successfully navigate this challenge, a Kyokushin fighter must understand the philosophy “osu no seidhin”, or perseverance under extreme pressure. No other style has a challenge like this one. Mas Oyama died in 1994, leaving Kancho Shokei as the head of the Kyokushin organization. He was the winner of the 12th, 13th and 14th World open Karate Championship, and successfully completed the 100 man challenge in 1986, compiling the most knockdowns and wins in this challenge of any competitor ever.
Confirming his status as the current day premiere Kyokushin stylist is Mas Oyama’s will, naming him his one and only successor as the heir of Kyokushin Karate.
Title: Types Of Martial Arts In Japan