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Bending arts Type Manipulation of the four elements Bending is the ability to manipulate an element and is significant to many aspects of life in the World of Avatar. There are five known bending arts; four of them bend a specific physical element while the fifth bends the energy within the human body itself. The four elemental bending arts are based on the four classical elements, water, earth, fire, and air, and each is manipulated through certain martial art styles which are reminiscent of the qualities of the element itself.
While bending is traditionally performed through the motions of one's hands and feet, certain benders are able to effectively manipulate their element with only minimal movement of their body, such as by using just their head or torso. In even rarer cases, benders are able to perform their bending without the aid of any physical movement at all, by instead using sheer focus and force of will, a skill known as psychic bending.
Each element is also associated with a particular nation in the world; the Water Tribe corresponds with waterbending, the Earth Kingdom with earthbending, the Fire Nation with firebending, and the Air Nomads with airbending. However, other bending affiliated groups exist, such as the Foggy Swamp Tribe for waterbending and the Sun Warriors for firebending. Iroh drew the symbols of the bending arts in the dirt.
The fifth bending art, energybending, is unlike the other four in that little physical action is required to direct the bending itself. The four elemental bending arts are all dependent on the energy, or chi, within the human body, relying on its flow through the body to manipulate a specific element. A person is able to bend when they extend the influence of their chi beyond the body to interact with the environment.
 Energybending, on the other hand, is concerned with the manipulation of the energy itself and is able to remove or grant bending abilities. Though each nation is affiliated to a specific bending art, not all citizens from any nation, with the exception of the Air Nomads, are born with the ability to bend an element. In the case of mixed marriages, the children may be benders of either element if they are benders at all; for example, firebender Mako and earthbender Bolin are brothers with parents from the Fire Nation and the Earth Kingdom.
The only case of any one person being able to bend multiple elements is the Avatar, who has the ability to practice all five bending arts. Airbending Main article: Airbending Avatar Aang's native element was air. Airbending is the bending art used by the Air Nomads; the flying bison were the original airbenders. It concentrates on speed and evasion, forgoing a strong offense for a greater defense.
Though apparently lacking fatal finishing moves, it is the most dynamic of all the bending arts. As the element of freedom, airbenders use their capability to bend unencumbered by the ground or any other environmental factors and use their own momentum as a weapon, evading attacks with astounding agility to tire their opponents out or building up massive inertia for explosive gusts of wind to make their counterattacks finishing moves.
Airbenders, when resorting to physical confrontation, are able to harness the immense and intangible power of wind. Airbending's opposite is earthbending and the confrontational style that serves as its foundation. Airbenders can use a flight technique by operating a glider and using the air to provide thrust and lift. After the art was almost wiped from existence, the only airbender left was Avatar Aang, until his son, Tenzin, and three grandchildren later inherited the ability.
 Airbending also resurfaced in a number of nonbenders following the Harmonic Convergence of 171 AG, further reviving the almost extinct bending art. The sub-skills of airbending are flight and spiritual projection. Flight has only been achieved by two people in the entire history of airbending, namely Guru Laghima and Zaheer. Airbending is the element of freedom, and its season is autumn.
Waterbending Main article: Waterbending Katara is a waterbending master. Waterbending is practiced by some people of the Water Tribe. A versatile element, it is unique in the sense that the original bender of the element was not an animal, but rather the Moon. Similar to their element, waterbenders are extremely adaptable and versatile. Waterbending concentrates on the flow of energy and focuses less on strength and more on turning the opponent's own energy against them.
While a bender's victory in battle depends on their skill or ingenuity, waterbenders, unlike other benders, gain a serious advantage or disadvantage depending on the amount of water around them, although highly skilled waterbenders can draw water from anywhere; they can draw humidity from the air and bend the water in living things, especially plants. As the element of change, waterbenders can fluidly and quickly alternate from defense to offense, from a wall of ice to a jet of water, turning their opponent's strength against them.
The opposite of waterbending is firebending, with its relatively stagnant, direct philosophy. Due to its lunar sympathy, waterbending is stronger at night and ineffective during a lunar eclipse or when the Moon Spirit dies. However, to counter waterbending's ineffectiveness during a lunar eclipse, waterbenders gain immense power during the peak of the full moon. The sub-skills for waterbending are healing and bloodbending.
 Waterbending is the element of change, and its season is winter. Earthbending Main article: Earthbending Toph Beifong is one of the best earthbenders of her time. Earthbending originates in the Earth Kingdom and it demands a special connection with the earth that is achievable with neutral jing, listening, though seemingly doing nothing, and waiting for the right moment to strike. The first earthbenders were badgermoles.
 Like waterbenders, earthbenders gain an advantage or disadvantage in battle based on the amount of earth around them, though the conditions are not as extreme. Because of their element's stability and its stress on neutral jing, earthbenders stand their ground, absorbing or intercepting attacks until they completely overwhelm their opponents. Unlike the other bending arts, earthbending's strength equally lies in both offense and defense.
Earthbending is in stark contrast to airbending as airbending's emphasis is on evasion and mobility while earthbending's emphasis is on fortitude and strength. The sub-skills for earthbending are seismic sense, metalbending, and lavabending. Earthbending is the element of substance, and its season is spring. Firebending Main article: Firebending Zuko is a strong firebender. Firebending is used by the people of the Fire Nation and is the most aggressive bending art.
Dragons were the first firebenders; they subsequently taught the Sun Warriors. Unlike other benders who depend on external sources of their elements to bend, firebenders can create fire using their internal heat source in addition to controlling already existent flames. As the element of power, firebenders have to be able to maintain a constant source of energy and balance in battle, unleashing a volley of direct, successive attacks.
Firebending's relatively simple and direct style contrasts the complex and changing style of waterbending. Due to its solar affinity, firebending is stronger during the day and at its full power at noon, but completely ineffective during a solar eclipse. When a comet passes close to the planet, the power of a firebender is greatly increased. For a long time, disciplines of firebending were taught to be fueled by hatred, as opposed to the original source.
Skilled firebenders are able to fly using powerful jets of flames. A notable feature of special firebenders is an ability to create a hotter, blue fire; Azula was the only known firebender who demonstrated this extra-powerful flame. The sub-skills for firebending are combustionbending, generating and redirecting lightning. Firebending is the element of power, and its season is summer. Energybending Main article: Energybending Avatar Aang energybent Ozai to strip him of his bending.
Energybending is the art of bending the energy within one's body. It existed in the era of Raava and the four bending arts, though was considered lost. It is a highly dangerous technique; if one's own energy is impure and therefore bendable, the practitioner will be consequently destroyed. Few Avatars have learned this bending art, and even fewer have used it. Energybending allows the user to remove other people's bending abilities, such as when Avatar Aang used it to strip Ozai and Yakone of their abilities, or restore them after a bender had their abilities blocked by bloodbending, demonstrated when Aang used it to restore Avatar Korra's bending from Amon's damage, and Korra used it to restore Lin Beifong's earthbending.
 Korra also used the art to create a spiritual projection of herself within the Tree of Time and battle the Dark Avatar. Inheritance The lion turtle bestowed the power of fire to Wan. During the era of Raava, people could request a lion turtle to grant them control over an element. As the protectors of mankind, the lion turtles bestowed the ability upon those who planned on traveling through the Spirit Wilds.
However, as they returned, they were supposed to return this power to the creature. After Wan became the Avatar by fusing with Raava and closed off the spirit portals at the North and South Poles, the lion turtles declared their roles as protectors of mankind over and stated that they would no longer bestow humans with the power of the elements. After the departure of the lion turtles, the acquisition of bending abilities became dependent on a large number of factors and complex variables; inheritance patterns are not well understood by the people of the World of Avatar.
One important known factor in determining the likelihood of a person to inherit bending abilities is the genetic history of the family. It can be considered a recessive gene, since it is possible for a person to inherit bending skills even if they have two nonbending parents, as in the cases of Katara and Toph. Likewise, having one or two bending parents is no guarantee to inherit bending skills, as Piandao and Bumi, Aang and Katara's eldest son, were born a nonbender despite having two bending parents.
People who have a greater genetic basis for bending are said to have more "talent", or inherent ability, than those who have a weaker genetic basis; however, genetics alone do not entirely account for the actual proficiency of a bender. While an individual with a strong family history in bending is most likely to become skilled in the art, a person with little genetic basis can also become a skilled bender through hard work, though it will require significantly more practice than someone with a good genetic history.
On the other hand, it is also possible for someone with a strong genetic basis to go about their entire life without ever developing a true ability in bending, because of a poor spiritual upbringing or lack of fervor in practice. Due to these anomalies, the nature of bending acquisition fluctuates and has prevented the rise of a superior "bending social class" in the World of Avatar. Spirituality is also an important aspect of bending inheritance.
It is for this reason that all Air Nomads, the most spiritual community in the World of Avatar, were airbenders. Another notable variable is the population size of the country: for example, the Earth Kingdom is the most populous nation, but has the smallest percentage of benders relative to total population among the four nations. Generally, people can determine whether or not they are a bender before reaching puberty.
 References ↑ 1.01.1Ehasz, Aaron (writer) & Volpe, Giancarlo (director). (July 19, 2008). "Sozin's Comet, Part 2: The Old Masters". Avatar: The Last Airbender. Season 3. Episode 19. Nickelodeon. ↑ AvatarSpirit.net staff (July 14, 2013). ASN Interviews Korra Co Creators. Avatarspiritmedia.net. Retrieved on August 12, 2013. ↑ 3.03.1DiMartino, Michael Dante, Konietzko, Bryan (writers) & Dos Santos, Joaquim (director).
(July 19, 2008). "Sozin's Comet, Part 4: Avatar Aang". Avatar: The Last Airbender. Season 3. Episode 21. Nickelodeon. ↑ 4.04.1DiMartino, Michael Dante, Konietzko, Bryan (writers) & Filoni, Dave (director). (February 21, 2005). "The Boy in the Iceberg". Avatar: The Last Airbender. Season 1. Episode 1. Nickelodeon. ↑ 5.05.15.2O'Bryan, John (writer) & Volpe, Giancarlo (director). (July 15, 2008).
"The Firebending Masters". Avatar: The Last Airbender. Season 3. Episode 13. Nickelodeon. ↑ O'Bryan, John (writer) & Lioi, Anthony (director). (March 18, 2005). "The King of Omashu". Avatar: The Last Airbender. Season 1. Episode 5. Nickelodeon. ↑ 7.07.17.2Ehasz, Aaron (writer) & Spaulding, Ethan (director). (June 2, 2006). "Bitter Work". Avatar: The Last Airbender. Season 2. Episode 9.
Nickelodeon. ↑ DiMartino, Michael Dante, Konietzko, Bryan (writers) & Dos Santos, Joaquim, Ryu, Ki Hyun (directors). (April 14, 2012). "Welcome to Republic City". The Legend of Korra. Season 1. Episode 1. Nickelodeon. ↑ Hedrick, Tim, Hamilton, Joshua (writers) & Heck, Colin, Zwyer, Melchior (directors). (June 27, 2014). "A Breath of Fresh Air". The Legend of Korra. Season 2. Episode 1.
Nickelodeon. ↑ DiMartino, Michael Dante (writer) & Graham, Ian (director). (August 22, 2014). "Enter the Void". The Legend of Korra. Season 2. Episode 12. Nick.com. ↑ 11.011.1Ehasz, Aaron (writer) & MacMullan, Lauren (director). (December 2, 2005). "The Siege of the North, Part 1". Avatar: The Last Airbender. Season 1. Episode 19. Nickelodeon. ↑ 12.012.1Hedrick, Tim (writer) & Dos Santos, Joaquim (director).
(November 9, 2007). "The Puppetmaster". Avatar: The Last Airbender. Season 3. Episode 8. Nickelodeon. ↑ Ehasz, Aaron (writer) & Filoni, Dave (director). (December 2, 2005). "The Siege of the North, Part 2". Avatar: The Last Airbender. Season 1. Episode 20. Nickelodeon. ↑ Hedrick, Tim (writer) & MacMullan, Lauren (director). (October 21, 2005). "The Deserter". Avatar: The Last Airbender.
Season 1. Episode 16. Nickelodeon. ↑ Ehasz, Elizabeth Welch (writer) & Spaulding, Ethan (director). (April 7, 2006). "Return to Omashu". Avatar: The Last Airbender. Season 2. Episode 3. Nickelodeon. ↑ DiMartino, Michael Dante (writer) & Spaulding, Ethan (director). (May 5, 2006). "The Blind Bandit". Avatar: The Last Airbender. Season 2. Episode 6. Nickelodeon. ↑ DiMartino, Michael Dante, Konietzko, Bryan (writers) & Volpe, Giancarlo (director).
(December 1, 2006). "The Guru". Avatar: The Last Airbender. Season 2. Episode 19. Nickelodeon. ↑ O'Bryan, John (writer) & Volpe, Giancarlo (director). (July 14, 2006). "The Library". Avatar: The Last Airbender. Season 2. Episode 10. Nickelodeon. ↑ From older Avatar: The Last Airbender official site, originally on Nick.com (link). No longer updated. ↑ DiMartino, Michael Dante, Konietzko, Bryan (writers) & Dos Santos, Joaquim, Ryu, Ki Hyun (directors).
(June 9, 2012). "Out of the Past". The Legend of Korra. Season 1. Episode 9. Nickelodeon. ↑ DiMartino, Michael Dante, Konietzko, Bryan (writers) & Dos Santos, Joaquim, Ryu, Ki Hyun (directors). (June 23, 2012). "Endgame". The Legend of Korra. Season 1. Episode 12. Nickelodeon. ↑ DiMartino, Michael Dante (writer) & Graham, Ian (director). (November 22, 2013). "Light in the Dark". The Legend of Korra.
Season 1. Episode 26. Nickelodeon. ↑ DiMartino, Michael Dante (writer) & Heck, Colin (director). (October 18, 2013). "Beginnings, Part 1". The Legend of Korra. Season 1. Episode 19. Nickelodeon. ↑ Hedrick, Tim (writer) & Graham, Ian (director). (October 18, 2013). "Beginnings, Part 2". The Legend of Korra. Season 1. Episode 20. Nickelodeon. ↑ Robert Moscoe (April 6, 2007). An Avatar Spring Break with Mike and Bryan.
Avatarspiritmedia.net. See also Could Energybending Make A Non Bender. . . A Bender? 20 messages Yes. It has happened before. The real question is if a human could do it. 2018-01-21T14:58:54Z I think this may be a Lion Turtle exclusive ability. 2018-01-22T06:29:41Z Spiritual Sub Element of Earth 16 messages if i was to assign a spiritual sub bending to earth it would be growth ( up to you on how it is interpreted or portrayed) reason: Earth is .
.. 2017-10-08T12:36:12Z Cypher007 wrote:if i was to assign a spiritual sub bending to earth it would be growth ( up to you on how it is interpreted or portrayed) reas... 2017-11-24T12:21:17Z
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Ah yes… The art of bending conduit. Yes it is an art form to me only because it can take all forms that you can imagine. What do I mean by that you ask? Well, it goes like this… It takes sometime to plot and plan your route to run conduit, even if it is an empty ceiling, floor or wall. Sometimes you have to get that pipe in some super tight spaces as well and it has to look nice, no sloppy work! Things to know before you start the art of bending conduit First off you need to know the basics and I will try to explain.
Conduit comes in all forms whether it is EMT, PVC, IMC or even RIGID and though all are electrical conduit they have vast differences. I will start with this: EMT is Electrical Metallic Tubing PVC is Poly Vinyl Chloride IMC is Intermediate Metal Conduit (which is a bit lighter version of RMC) RMC is Rigid Metallic Conduit (which also comes in Aluminum) There are other types of conduit that we can use but I will start with these as not to confuse anyone.
Emt is used for most applications above ground, in walls, ceilings or other “dry locations” or where you would not expect to receive any physical damage. PVC is used where you are either installing underground in dirt, water or concrete. Yep, it’s waterproof if installed correctly. IMC is the same as RMC just a bit lighter. I have not used IMC much on most jobs but I have used it. RMC is a heavy wall metallic conduit used in either underground, concrete (should be PVC coated or at least painted with some kind of waterproofing agent like mastic or something similar), chemical applications (which should also be PVC coated as well) and wherever it can or will be exposed to physical damage.
It takes a beating sometimes. Most conduit comes in sizes from 1/2″ up to 6″ Diameter. There are many different applications for different types of conduit. I know I’m probably missing something on here but this gives you some basic understanding on what we use and what we use it in or for. This post I am writing is more for those who know nothing about my trade and have no clue on what we really do with this type of work.
For those of my friends, Brothers or Sisters of my trade or anyone associated with the Electrical trade keep in mind this fact. If ya’ll see anything I am missing on, just drop me a note. 😉 Like I said this is more for anyone wanting to know about what I love more than anything in my trade. Bending the conduit Yep, we bend it and it is an art form. It is not something you can pick up in just a few minutes.
It takes practice. We use all types of conduit benders that achieve all types of bends that we need. Some are: Hand Benders Table Benders Sidewinder Benders Hickey Benders Chicago benders Offset Benders (used for the novice or mass amounts of same type bends for speed) but to be super honest…MOST Electricians will not use those as they may be ridiculed! and offset is the easiest bend of all! LOL Most of the benders I have listed might be named something different but that is what I have come to know them as.
We’ll start with the most common of benders and that would be the hand bender. There are so many rules to remember but the most important one to remember is to keep the bender head the same direction though all of your bends except for a 3 point saddle (I personally hate those only because they are hard to pull wire through). We have to do math with these and any bender we use on the job. Most is easy if you can add or multiply and have a bit of common sense or a little imagination.
We have charts to show us what the math is but if you have been bending for a long time you tend to memorize these. Here below is a chart we use: I know it may be a little hard to read but for the most part this is a basic chart to get the idea. There are many many other formula’s we use that would confuse most high school math teachers. LOL I joking of course but you get the idea. You have to have some basic math skills to bend this stuff.
We use multipliers when bending conduit to achieve certain degrees of bends to make the bends parallel so they work right. Let me give you an example: If I needed go from one elevation to the other say like 6″ what I do is this… I will measure from either the end of another piece of conduit, electrical box or wherever I am coming from and make a mark (that mark depends on how far back I need to be to give clearance to the first offset to get above the obstacle I am offsetting.
My second mark is like this: IF I need a let’s say a 30 degree offset bend I will use the multiplier for a 30 degree bend which is 2.0 so, I take my original 6″ and multiply that by 2.0 which equals 12. So from the first mark I measure over 12 inches and make my second mark. These are the two points I will bend at. On the hand bender it has all kinds of marks to achieve certain bends. The one I need for this bend is an arrow mark.
I align the first mark I made on the conduit with the arrow, place the conduit on the floor and bend it till the handle of the bender is straight up and down (most benders this means a 30 degree bend) or if you need to the benders have degree lines on the side that will let you know if you have the correct angle. I then move the conduit in the bender to the second mark ( oh, I should say that most of the times we have to put the bender handle towards the ground for this bend) line up the second mark on the arrow and bend the second bend till it lines up with the 30 degree mark.
All while trying to keep the bends in line with each other to prevent the conduit from becoming dog legged. Some people use a level when bending conduit to find out if the offset bend is parallel to the ground when completing the second bend. Did I lose anyone on this? LOL! I almost lost myself trying to explain this. It is easier for me to do it other than to explain. Sort of like trying to explain how to tie your shoes once you’ve done it a million times.
Easy to do but difficult to write about. Here is a picture of what our hand benders look like: As you can see there are quite a few marks on it to achieve whatever type of bend radius you require. Now I know this is a long and drawn out post and trust me, it’s not easy to explain but neither is bending this stuff unless you are knowledgeable on it. There is sooooo much I didn’t explain but will when I put my video in another post here about how to bend with a hand bender but for now I will share a video I did while working at the Orlando Sentinel Newspaper Facility using a sidewinder bender.
Excuse the noise and everything else going on around me but I was dodging huge rolls of paper at the same time. [embedded content] This video I did while attempting to bend an offest on a 2″ conduit in a Sidewinder Bender which was probably older than myself all the while dodging stuff. Sorry for the noise and the other problems I was having but this also shows how it can get on a job. It’s not easy.
Here is a video of the same bender but in a more controlled atmosphere… [embedded content] yep, I did show this video in another post I have on my blog but it shows it in a much better way. I have a ton of pictures I would love to show you of my conduit I have bent over the years and I will share some on my blog. This weekend I am going to demonstrate on another video on how I bend EMT by using a hand bender.
It should be a little easier to understand. There is so much material on types of benders, what to bend with, how to bend each type of conduit and many other things associated bending conduit that I would have to write a book to explain. For now, this is just the start of how I can think of explaining it. So, where is the art in bending conduit come into play? Well, to all conduit bending there is what I like to refer to as art.
It is just something that I like to call it. When you see just one piece of conduit there all alone it is boring sort of but when you have a bunch all together THAT is when the form of art begins to fall into place. For many of us who have been doing it for some time now, it is just something we can do but for those that haven’t been doing it there are charts for that too. Here, let me share a few pictures of work I have done recently to show some of my “art work” As you can see that there is a sort of art form to all this.
It takes a ton of planning. It’s not just something you can throw down and make it look nice. There are rules and codes and job specifications we have to adhere to as well. Here are a few other pictures I will share before I say until next time… I can and will show in my video on how to bend conduit some of these exact conduit bends, they are not as hard to achieve as you might think. All it takes is a little math and a good imagination.
Thanks for reading what I have so far, keep on the lookout for my how to video, should be interesting! 🙂
Title: The Art Of Bending