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In the 1890’s, the Pennsylvania Chautauqua Society founded Mt. Gretna, attracted by the region’s natural beauty. The landscape is still just as inviting -- gently wooded mountains, a stream, and a lake. Throughout the Summer, the Chautauqua’s educational and cultural tradition is carried on with first-rate events in music, theater, and art. As cooler weather sets in, the area displays some of the most stunning foliage of the Northeast.
When snow flies, cross country skiers enjoy expertly groomed, picturesque trails. Spring brings a green-dusted calm to the acres of protected Gamelands, crossed by miles of trails for mountain biking and hiking.
Various Key Artwork Principles have advanced extensive distinctive eras, using the altering artists' perceptions of processing, analyzing, and responding to numerous art forms. Their imaginative expressions have been explored by their creation, effectiveness, and participation in arts. Every historic period has supplied novel contribution of historical and cultural contexts for establishing the important thing Arts Fundamentals of your applicable time period. Visual Arts enable artists assimilate the true secret Arts Principles of Symmetry, Colour, Sample, Contrast and also the variances concerning one or even more features from the composition. The true secret Art Ideas of Visible Arts help understand and distinguish in between the size which include, Symmetry & Asymmetry, Positive & Negative Space, Light & Dark, Solid & Transparent, and Large & Small.See Also: African And Oceanic Art
Art plays a vibrant role in the personal life of the individual as well as within the social and economic development of the nation. The study of Visual arts encourages personal development plus the awareness of both our cultural heritage and also the role of art within the society. The learner acquires personal knowledge, skills and competencies through activities in Visible arts. When one studies Visual arts, he/she would come to appreciate or recognize that artwork is an integral part of everyday life.
Our History Mt. Gretna was born in a forest of chestnut trees that for more than a century provided charcoal to the Cornwall Furnace that one forged cannons for George Washington’s army. The site was discovered in 1883 as a pleasant place to spend a summer day along the extinct Cornwall and Lebanon Railroad linking the Reading Railroad in Lebanon with the Pennsylvania Railroad near Elizabethtown.
Originally you could travel here by rail from any point in the country. President Benjamin Harrison actually did. He and thousands of the picnickers detrained at a small station, walked down a tree-lined corridor past a stone fountain (that still exists) and spend the day in a woodland park that expanded each year as the number of visitors grew, eventually sporting an elaborate carousel, a primitive roller coaster called a “switch-back,” a dancing pavilion, and other attractions of an early amusement park.
In 1885 the Pennsylvania National Guard began a 50-year annual encampment at Mt. Gretna. That year Conewago Creek was dammed to form Lake Conewago, more aptly called a pond, but ideal for swimming and canoeing. In 1889 iron-foundry heir and generous owner of most of Mt. Gretna’s original land, Robert Coleman, built a narrow gauge railroad to carry visitors from the park, around the lake and up to the top of Governor Dick Hill where they could see as far as Lancaster and Harrisburg.
A loving history of Mt. Gretna can be found in Gretna historian, Jack Bitner’s book: “Mt. Gretna, A Coleman Legacy.” In 1892 Methodists identified Mt. Gretna as a good location for a Chautauqua. Like hundreds of Chautauquas Mt. Gretna’s “Pennsylvania Cautauqua” was modeled after the original Chautauqua Institution, established in 1874 in New York state. Within a few years they drew up a plan for lots and began constructing, according to a popular plan of the day, a vaulted conical-roofed outdoor auditorium for lectures, religious services and concerts.
The first “Chautauquans” built summer cottages around it, a “Hall of Philosophy” for meetings, and a small wooden Greed temple for the “Chautauqua Literary and Scientific Circle.” Both buildings are still used today. That same year the United Brethren moved in across Pinch Road from Chautauqua and hire the same builder, John Cilley from Lebanon, to build a Tabernacle for religious services and Bible meetings.
The Tabernacle, a smaller version of the Playhouse (23 chestnut supporting posts around the perimeter vs. 26) still stands in the Campmeeting. (The Playhouse collapsed just short of its hundredth anniversary year in 1994 under a heavy load of snow and ice.) The Brethren mapped out plots for tents around the Tabernacle, but by the first summer’s Bible Conference 100 cottages had already been built by worshipers on the tent plots.
Tents appeared only around the immediate perimeter of the Tabernacle, each sparsely furnished with a table, chairs, a lamp, a Bible and a box-like bed with straw sheets. The success of Mt. Gretna as a summer retreat led to the construction of restaurants and hotels, including the Chautauqua Inn, The Jigger Shop Ice Cream Parlor, The Conewago Hotel, Kaufman’s Store and Hotel, and others. Through the first two decades of the 20th century, Mt.
Gretna teemed with summer visitors who attended concerts, lectures, trade shows and Bible meetings and relaxed in the park, lake and on porches. And, as the Lebanon Daily News reported in 1892, “During all this time…the Chautauqua and Campmeeting are occupied by persons who love to linger around the pleasant scenes of this delightful place and to drink in all that is to be seen and hear. Built in 1909, the 125-room Conewago Hotel was one of the first in the country to offer private baths and telephones in the rooms and an elevator, as well as “servants in uniform… and chefs from New York.
” Guest could enjoy the terraced tennis courts overlooking the lake and parade grounds by day a “ladies orchestra” in the dining room at night for dinner and dancing. It thrived for only two decades. A casualty of the new mobility made possible to the automobile, it was already vacant when the Depression dealt it a second blow. It was finally dismantled in 1940. The Chautauqua Inn, once standing near the Playhouse, had a longer life.
It was more rustic and lacked private baths, but its dining room remained legendary well into the second half of the century. Even so, modern fire codes and liability insurance rates forced its closing and demolition in 1970. For a short time the small Kaufman Hotel across from the current Mt. Gretna Inn, completed a trio of Gretna hotels, but it too no longer exists. No longer an obligatory destination of captive railroad passengers, many of Mt.
Gretna’s attractions languished in the 1920’s as vacationers drove their cars to the Atlantic shore and other more distant points, and students found summer education at colleges. The Depression, departure of the National Guard in 1933, and finally World War II diminished Mt. Gretna’s popularity. the amusement park closed, hotels lay empty, and the narrow gauge was abandoned. Even the chestnut trees fell victim to a nationwide blight and were replace by oaks and evergreens.
Some Gretna institutions continued: a long tradition of theater in the Playhouse, the Campmeeting Bible Conference, Chautauqua programs in the Community Building, the Jigger Shop, swimming and boating in the lake, a Roller Rink in a remaining building of the amusement park, and, or course, the long tradition of lingering on the porches. The Timber Restaurant was built in the 1960’s on the gentle rise that had been the site of the National Guard headquarters.
A growing population of permanent residents began to occupying the homes. Some date Mt. Gretna’s modern revival to 1976 and the First Annual Outdoor Art Show, the creation of Gretna artists, Bruce Johnson and Reed Dixon and John Wenzler, then Director of Summer Programs for the Chautauqua. In its distinctive setting, the show alsmost immediately became on the most successful in the state. In the nest two year, a new Gretna resident, physician and musician, Carl Ellenberger, again at the suggestion of John Wenzler, began inviting musician friends to perform in the Playhouse and longtime Gretna resident, Mary Hoffman revived the theater productions in the Playhouse after a year when the theater was dark.
Both Gretna Theater and music at Gretna flourished, attracted government, foundation and corporate grants as well as new visitors and residents. Mt. Gretna became known in the region as a center for arts and culture and increasingly as a desirable place to live, especially for those who wanted to participate in its artistic activities, but also those who had discovered its other virtues during a visit to the Playhouse or the Art Show.
Many Gretna residents serve on one or more of the boards that guide each section of the community and the performing groups, and most volunteer to help at the Art Show which brings thousands of visitors and vital economic support to Mt. Gretna. Whether or not Gretna residents enjoy the artistic activities of Mt. Gretna, they mostly agree that these activities give the community an identity far stronger that most other communities of similar size and make it a desirable place to live.
Title: Mt Gretna School Of Art