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Karate training with Shinpan Gusukuma sensei at Shuri Castle c.1938, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. Okinawan martial arts refers to the martial arts, such as karate, tegumi and Okinawan kobudō, which originated among the indigenous people of Okinawa Island. Due to its central location, Okinawa was influenced by various cultures with a long history of trade and cultural exchange, including Japan, China and Southeast Asia, that greatly influenced the development of martial arts on Okinawa.
History In 1429, the three kingdoms on Okinawa unified to form the Kingdom of Ryukyu. When King Shō Shin came into power in 1477, he banned the practice of martial arts. Tō-te and Ryukyu kobudō (weaponry) continued to be taught in secret. The ban was continued in 1609 after Okinawa was invaded by the Satsuma Domain of Japan. The bans contributed to the development of kobudō which uses common household and farming implements as weaponry.
The Okinawans combined Chinese martial arts with the existing local variants to form Tōde (唐手 Tuudii, Tang hand, China hand), sometimes called Okinawa-te (沖縄手 Uchinaa-dii). By the 18th century, different types of Te had developed in three different villages – Shuri, Naha and Tomari. The styles were named Shuri-te, Naha-te, and Tomari-te, respectively. Well into the 20th century, the martial arts of Okinawa were generally referred to as te and tii 手 in Japanese and Okinawan for "hand".
Te often varied from one town to another, so to distinguish among the various types of te, the word was often prefaced with its area of origin; for example, Naha-te, Shuri-te, or Tomari-te. Shuri-te, Naha-te and Tomari-te belong to a family of martial arts that were collectively defined as Tode-jutsu or To-de. Karate (Okinawa-te or Karate-jutsu) was systematically taught in Japan after the Taisho era (after 1926).
 Shuri te The genealogy of Shuri-te Ankō Itosu, often called the "Father of modern karate." Shuri-te (首里手, Okinawan: Suidii) is a pre-World War II term for a type of indigenous martial art to the area around Shuri, the old capital city of the Ryukyu Kingdom. Important Okinawan masters of Shuri-te: Yamaza Bin Yamazu Sakukawa Kanga Matsumura Sōkon Itosu Ankō Asato Ankō Chōyū Motobu Motobu Chōki Yabu Kentsū Chōmo Hanashiro Funakoshi Gichin Kyan Chōtoku Chibana Chōshin Mabuni Kenwa Tōyama Kanken Tatsuo Shimabuku Important kata: Naihanchi Pinan Kūsankū Passai Jion Jitte Rohai Chinto Gojushiho The successor styles to Shuri-te include Shotokan, Shitō-ryū, Shōrin-ryū, Shudokan, Shōrinji-ryū, Gensei-ryu and Motobu-ryū.
Tomari-te The genealogy of Tomari-te Tomari-te (泊手, Okinawan: Tumai-dii) refers to a tradition of martial arts originating from the village of Tomari, Okinawa. Important Okinawan masters of Tomari-te: Yamaza Bin Yamazu Matsumora Kōsaku Oyadomari Kokan Motobu Chōki Kyan Chōtoku Important kata: Naihanchi (Koshiki) Eunibu Rōhai Wanduan Passai (Tomari) Chinsu Chinpu Wankan Wanshū Seisan Jumu Nichin Juma The successor styles to Tomari-te include Wado-ryu, Motobu-ryū, Matsubayashi-ryu and Shōrinji-ryū Naha-te The genealogy of Naha-te Naha-te (那覇手, Okinawan: Naafa-dii) is a pre-World War II term for a type of martial art indigenous to the area around Naha, the old commercial city of the Ryukyu Kingdom and now the capital city of Okinawa Prefecture.
Important Okinawan masters of Naha-te: Arakaki Seishō Higaonna Kanryō Miyagi Chōjun Kyoda Jūhatsu Mabuni Kenwa Uechi Kanbun Important kata: Sanchin Saifā Seiunchin Shisochin Seipai Seisan Sanseirui Tensho Kururunfa Suparinpei The successor styles to Naha-te include Gōjū-ryū, Uechi-ryū, Ryūei-ryū, Shito-ryu and Tōon-ryū. See also Okinawa Karate Japanese martial arts Peichin References ^ Okinawan Masters.
msisshinryu.com. Retrieved on 2011-06-20. ^ Higaonna, Morio (1985). Traditional Karatedo Vol. 1 Fundamental Techniques. pp. 18–19. ISBN 0-87040-595-0. ^ "Tomari-Te: The Place of the Old To-De". Retrieved July 25, 2005. ^ "Koshinrin School of Karate: Katas". Retrieved July 25, 2005. ^ Donn F. Draeger (1974). Modern Bujutsu & Budo. Weatherhill, New York & Tokyo. Page 125. v t e Karate Comparison of styles Origins Japanese martial arts Okinawan martial arts Chinese martial arts Styles Ashihara Budokan Byakuren Chitō-ryū Enshin Gensei-ryū Gōjū-ryū Gosoku-ryu Isshin-ryū Kobayashi Shōrin-ryū Kyokushin Matsubayashi-ryū Motobu-ryu Ryūei-ryū Seidokaikan Shidōkan Shitō-ryū Shohei-ryu Shōrin-ryū Shōrin-ryū Shidōkan Shōrei-ryū Shōrinjiryū Kenkōkan Shotokan Shūdōkan Shūkōkai Shuri-ryū Tōon-ryū Uechi-ryū Wadō-ryū Yoseikan Yoshukai Techniques Blocks Crane kick Joint lock Kicks Punches Stances Strikes Throw Training methods Kihon Kata Bunkai Kumite Kobudō Full contact Culture Dojo Dojo kun Karate gi Kyū Obi Competition Karate at the World Games Karate World Championships Asian Karate Championships European Karate Championships Karate at the Summer Olympics Kata Anaku Ananku Annan Chinte Chintō/Gankaku Enpi Fukyugata Gojūshiho Jion Hangetsu Kūsankū/Kanku-dai Naihanchi/Tekki Nijūshiho/Niseishi Passai/Bassai Pinan/Heian Rōhai/Meikyo Sanchin Seisan/Hangetsu Seiunchin Shisochin Sōchin Taikyoku Tensho Unsū Wankan Wanshū The Martial Arts Portal Retrieved from "https://en.
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Title: Martial Arts In Okinawa