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Jan-22-18 ELECTRICAL ENGINEER (60308) Posted By: BOWENDo you have strong professional ethics to upholding the health, safety and welfare of the public and environment? Our client is looking to fill a position for an electrical engineer to provide practic... Lloydminster Jan-22-18 BILLING COORDINATOR (60305) Posted By: BOWENAre you looking for a one month role with one of Alberta’s largest electrical companies? This Calgary based role is responsible for resolving billing outsorts to ensure accurate and timely billing, fo.
.. Calgary Jan-22-18 Food Service Supervisor (NOC 6311) Posted By: Tim Hortons (Khushi Inc)Title: Food Service Supervisor (NOC 6311) Employer: Tim Hortons (Khushi Inc) Location Stettler, AB Salary $15.00 / Hour for 40 Hours / Week Vacancies 1 Vacancy Terms of employment Perma... Stettler Jan-22-18 Tile Installer (NOC 7283) Posted By: Royal Design Centre (1691358 Alberta Ltd.)Title: Tile Installer (NOC 7283) Employer: Royal Design Centre (1691358 Alberta Ltd.
) Location Calgary, AB Salary $26.50 / Hour for 40 Hours / Week Vacancies 1 Vacancy Terms of employme... Calgary Jan-22-18 Carpet Installer (NOC 7295) Posted By: Royal Design Centre (1691358 Alberta Ltd.)Title: Carpet Installer (NOC 7295) Employer: Royal Design Centre (1691358 Alberta Ltd.) Location Calgary, AB Salary $23.00 / Hour for 40 Hours / Week Vacancies 4 Vacancies Terms of empl... Calgary Jan-22-18 Hardwood Floor Covering Installer (NOC 7295) Posted By: Royal Design Centre (1691358 Alberta Ltd.
)Title: Hardwood Floor Covering Installer (NOC 7295) Employer: Royal Design Centre (1691358 Alberta Ltd.) Location Calgary, AB Salary $23.00 / Hour for 40 Hours / Week Vacancies 4 Vacancie... Calgary Jan-22-18 ASSET INTEGRITY INSPECTOR (60303) Posted By: BOWENAre you looking for a challenging role in which you and your team will be responsible for providing technical leadership, operations support, and knowledge-based services in the area of pressure equip.
.. Lloydminster Jan-22-18 Retail Store Supervisor Posted By: Legal SupermartPosition: Retail Store Supervisor Wage: $14.00 Hourly, for 40 Hours per week, Job Duties; Responsible for supervision of staff to meet requirements Ensure merchandise is clean and ready to be... Legal Jan-22-18 Retail Store Supervisor Posted By: Sexsmith Bottle DepotPosition: Retail Store Supervisor Wage: $14.00 Hourly, for 40 Hours per week, Job Duties; -Supervision and direction of Depot staff ensuring safe, accurate, and efficient production that mee.
.. Sexsmith Jan-22-18 Retail Store Supervisor Posted By: Hiho EssoPosition: Retail Store Supervisor Wage: $14.00 Hourly, for 40 Hours per week, Job Duties; Manage retail staff, including cashiers and people working on the floor Ensure merchandise is clean ... Turner Valley Jan-22-18 Child caregiver Posted By: Private HouseholdJob Details: Salary: 15/hr Anticipated Start Date: As soon as possible Terms of Employment: Permanent Full-Time Number of positions: 1 Employment Conditions Permanent, Full time , Day, Flexible hours.
.. Calgary Jan-22-18 Major Gifts Officer Posted By: Heritage Park Historical VillageMajor Gifts Officer Heritage Park has an immediate opportunity in its Fund Development Department for the role of Major Gifts Officer. Under the direction of the Head of Fund Development, you will... Calgary Jan-22-18 Accountant Posted By: Cardel LifestylesCardel Lifestyles was created in 2000 to bring our signature quality and value to townhome and condominium buyers in suburban Calgary.
Currently we are Calgary’s top multi-family home builder, thanks ... Calgary Jan-22-18 Estimator Posted By: DreamTO APPLY CLICK HERE Dream is looking for a Residential Estimator We are always looking for the best and brightest to join our thriving community. Dream’s Purchasing team is currently looking for... Calgary Jan-22-18 Administrative Assistant NOC 1241 Posted By: Minhas Furniture House LtdAdministrative Assistant Employer: Minhas Furniture House Ltd.
Job Location: 3916-72 Avenue SE, Calgary, AB, T2C 2E2 Job details Salary $24.04 / Hour for 40 Hours / Week Vacancies: 2 Vacancies E... 3916-72 Avenue SE, Calgary, AB T2C 2E2 Jan-22-18 QA Analyst and Test Automation Developer Posted By: Strata Health SolutionsRole Description: Strata Health Solutions provides a suite of software applications that streamline the flow of patients through the healthcare continuum.
We are actively seeking a QA Anal... Calgary Jan-22-18 Motel Manager Posted By: Raval Paradise Motel & RV ParkSalary: $30.77 to $32.77 hourly for 40 hours per week Vacancies: 1 Terms of employment: Permanent Full time Start date: As soon as possible Languages: English Education: College/CEGEP ... Youngstown Jan-22-18 Food Service Supervisor - Subway Posted By: � Employer: 1582203 Alberta Ltd.
o/a SubwayFood Service Supervisor - Subway Job details Location Calgary, AB Salary $15.00 / Hour for 40 Hours / Week Vacancies 1 Vacancy Terms of employment Permanent, Full time Start date... 109 2000 AIRPORT ROAD NE CALGARY, AB T2E 6W5 Jan-22-18 Seed Cleaning Service Supervisor (1 Vacancy, NOC 8252) Posted By: Olds Seed Processing Co-op Ltd.Olds Seed Processing Co-op Ltd. is a seed and grain cleaning establishment in Olds in the Province of Alberta.
To cope with our operation needs, we are inviting potential individual to join us as See... Olds Jan-22-18 Class 1 A Truck Drivers Posted By: Harv Wilkening Transport Ltd.Harv Wilkening Transport Ltd., a member of Siemens Transportation Group Inc., requires Company Drivers & Independent Contractors for our Domestic or Cross Border Fleets. We have a specific need for lo... Calgary Jan-20-18 In Home Caregiver Posted By: Thelma Balazon-LunaVacancies; 1Vacancy Employment groups: Students, Youth, Indigenous peoples , Newcomers to Canada, Start date; As soon as possible Employment conditions: Overtime, Early morning, Morning,.
.. Calgary Jan-20-18 Construction Carpenters (NOC 7271) Posted By: Bossi Construction Ltd.Bossi Construction Ltd. is seeking Construction Carpenter (NOC 7271) for our Greater Calgary, AB locations. We currently have 1 position available. Terms of employment: Wage: $25.00/hour; F... Greater Calgary Area, Occasionally various locatio... Jan-20-18 FOOD SERVICE SUPERVISOR Posted By: FRESHII�1923204 Alberta Ltd.
o/a FRESHII located at 4217 Calgary Trail NW Edmonton, Alberta T6J 5P4 represented by Ewert Consulting, is accepting applications for the position of FOOD SERVICE SUPERVISOR �... EDMONTON Jan-20-18 LANDSCAPING SUPERVISOR Posted By: TRANSGLOBE PROPERTIES LTD�Transglobe Properties Ltd. located at Suite 700, 10339-124 Street, Edmonton, Alberta T5N 3W1 is accepting applications for the position of LANDSCAPING SUPERVISOR.
$26.40 per hour, 40 hours per we... EDMONTON Jan-20-18 Food Service Supervisor (NOC 6311) Posted By: Subway Sandwiches and Salads (650129 Alberta Inc.)Title: Food Service Supervisor (NOC 6311) Employer: Subway Sandwiches and Salads (650129 Alberta Inc.) Location Drumheller, AB Salary $16.00 / Hour for 40 Hours / Week Vacancies 1 Vacancy... Drumheller Jan-19-18 Food Service Supervisor (NOC 6311) Posted By: Alberta Restaurant Management Corp o/a Subway (Seton Crescent)Food Service Supervisor (NOC 6311) Alberta Restaurant Management Corp o/a Subway (Seton Crescent) Job details Location Calgary, AB Salary $15.
00 / Hour for 40 Hours / Week ... Seton Crescent SE, Calgary Jan-19-18 Carpenter Supervisor Posted By: Style Developments Inc. o/a SolkorCarpenter Supervisor Wanted – Full time Position Company: Style Developments is a family owned and operated company, specializing in Luxury Custom Home Builds and Renovations in Calgary and Ca... Canmore Jan-19-18 Infection Prevention and Control Practitioner Posted By: Interior HealthIf you are a Registered Nurse (RN) who is experienced and certified in Infection Prevention and Control practice, then prepare to join our innovative and growing team at Interior Health.
The Infect... Trail Jan-19-18 Infection Prevention and Control Practitioner Posted By: Interior HealthIf you are a Registered Nurse (RN) who is experienced and certified in Infection Prevention and Control practice, then prepare to join our innovative and growing team at Interior Health. The Infect... Kamloops Jan-19-18 NURSE PRACTITIONER (60295) Posted By: BOWENAre you an experienced Nurse Practitioner or Advanced Practice Registered Nurse looking to get your foot in the door at one of Canada’s largest oil companies? This year long contract provides corporat.
Various Critical Art Concepts have developed extensive diverse eras, with all the switching artists' perceptions of processing, examining, and responding to varied art types. Their innovative expressions have been explored by their development, performance, and participation in arts. Each and every historic period has provided novel contribution of historic and cultural contexts for producing the crucial element Arts Fundamentals of your related period. Visible Arts aid artists assimilate the key Arts Principles of Symmetry, Colour, Sample, Distinction as well as the differences concerning one or maybe more features during the composition. The key Artwork Principles of Visible Arts aid fully grasp and distinguish between the size like, Symmetry & Asymmetry, Positive & Negative Space, Light & Dark, Solid & Transparent, and Large & Small.See Also: Art Deco Lady Lamps Australia
Art plays a vibrant role while in the personal life of your individual as well as in the social and economic development with the nation. The study of Visible arts encourages personal development and the awareness of both our cultural heritage along with the role of artwork during the society. The learner acquires personal knowledge, skills and competencies through activities in Visual arts. When one studies Visible arts, he/she would come to appreciate or realize that art is an integral part of everyday life.
Not to be confused with Cagliari. This article is about the Canadian city. For other uses, see Calgary (disambiguation). Calgary City City of Calgary From top left: Scotiabank Saddledome and Downtown Calgary, Southern Alberta Institute of Technology, Calgary Stampede, Canada Olympic Park, Lougheed House, Stephen Avenue, Calgary Zoo Flag Coat of arms Nickname(s): Cowtown, Stampede City, Mohkínstsis more.
.. Motto(s): Onward Calgary Calgary Location of Calgary in Canada Coordinates: 51°03′N 114°04′W / 51.050°N 114.067°WCoordinates: 51°03′N 114°04′W / 51.050°N 114.067°W Country Canada Province Alberta Region Calgary Region Census division 6 Founded 1875 Incorporated • Town November 7, 1884 • City January 1, 1894 Government • Mayor Naheed Nenshi • Governing body Calgary City Council Gian-Carlo Carra Harnirjodh Singh Chahal Sean Chu Diane Colley-Urquhart Jeffrey Robert Michael Davison Peter Demong Jeromy Anton Farkas Druh Farrell Jyoti Gondek Ray Jones Shane Keating Joe Magliocca Ward Sutherland Evan Woolley • Manager Jeff Fielding • MPs List of MPs • MLAs List of MLAs Area (2016) • Land 825.
56 km2 (318.75 sq mi) • Urban 586.08 km2 (226.29 sq mi) Elevation 1,045 m (3,428 ft) Population (2016) • City 1,239,220 • Density 1,501.1/km2 (3,888/sq mi) • Urban 1,237,656 • Urban density 2,111.8/km2 (5,470/sq mi) • Municipal census (2017) 1,246,337 Demonym(s) Calgarian Time zone MST (UTC−7) • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC−6) Forward sortation areas T1Y, T2A - T3S Area code(s) 403, 587, 825 Highways 1, 1A, 2, 2A, 8, 22X, 201 Waterways Bow River, Elbow River, Glenmore Reservoir GDP US$ 97.
9 billion GDP per capita US$ 69,826 Website Official website Calgary (/ˈkælɡəri, -ɡri/ ( listen)) is a city in the Canadian province of Alberta. It is situated at the confluence of the Bow River and the Elbow River in the south of the province, in an area of foothills and prairie, about 80 km (50 mi) east of the front ranges of the Canadian Rockies. The city anchors the south end of what Statistics Canada defines as the "Calgary–Edmonton Corridor".
 The city had a population of 1,239,220 in 2016, making it Alberta's largest city and Canada's third-largest municipality. Also in 2016, Calgary had a metropolitan population of 1,392,609, making it the fourth-largest census metropolitan area (CMA) in Canada. The economy of Calgary includes activity in the energy, financial services, film and television, transportation and logistics, technology, manufacturing, aerospace, health and wellness, retail, and tourism sectors.
 The Calgary CMA is home to the second-highest number of corporate head offices in Canada among the country's 800 largest corporations. In 1988, Calgary became the first Canadian city to host the Winter Olympic Games, followed in 2010 by Vancouver. Etymology Calgary was named after Calgary on the Isle of Mull, Scotland. In turn, the name originates from a compound of kald and gart, similar Old Norse words, meaning "cold" and "garden", likely used when named by the Vikings who inhabited the Inner Hebrides.
 Alternatively, the name might be Gaelic Cala ghearraidh, meaning "beach of the meadow (pasture)"; or Gaelic for either "clear running water" or "bay farm". Prior to contact, the indigenous peoples of Southern Alberta referred to the Calgary area as "elbow," in reference to the sharp bend made by the Bow River and the Elbow River. In some cases, the area was named after the reeds that grew along the riverbanks, which were used to fashion bows.
In the Blackfoot language (Siksiká), the area was known as Mohkínstsis akápiyoyis, meaning "elbow many houses," reflecting its strong settler presence. The shorter form of the Blackfoot name, Mohkínstsis, simply meaning "elbow.", has been the popular "indigenous" term for the Calgary area. In the Stoney language (Nakoda), the area was known as Wincheesh-pah or Wenchi Ispase, both meaning "elbow.
" In the Cree Language, the area was known as Otoskwanik meaning "house at the elbow" or Otoskwunee meaning "elbow." In the Sarcee language (Tsuut’ina), the area was known as Kootsisáw meaning "elbow." In the Slavey language, the area was known as Klincho-tinay-indihay meaning "many horse town," referring to the Calgary Stampede and the city's settler heritage. There have been several attempts to revive the indigenous names of Calgary.
In response to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, local post-secondary institutions have adopted 'official acknowledgements' of indigenous territory using the Blackfoot name of the City, Mohkínstsis. In 2017, the Stoney Nakoda sent an application to the Government of Alberta, to rename Calgary as Wichispa Oyade meaning "elbow town," however this has been challenged by the Piikani Blackfoot.
 History Main article: Timeline of Calgary history First settlement The Calgary area was inhabited by pre-Clovis people whose presence has been traced back at least 11,000 years. Before the arrival of Europeans, the area was inhabited by the Blackfoot, Blood, Peigan and the Tsuu T'ina First Nations peoples, all of which were part of the Blackfoot Confederacy. In 1787, cartographer David Thompson spent the winter with a band of Peigan encamped along the Bow River.
He was a Hudson's Bay Company trader and the first recorded European to visit the area. John Glenn was the first documented European settler in the Calgary area, in 1873. Calgary as it appeared circa 1885 In 1875, the site became a post of the North-West Mounted Police (now the Royal Canadian Mounted Police or RCMP). The NWMP detachment was assigned to protect the western plains from US whisky traders, and to protect the fur trade.
Originally named Fort Brisebois, after NWMP officer Éphrem-A. Brisebois, it was renamed Fort Calgary in 1876 by Colonel James Macleod. When the Canadian Pacific Railway reached the area in 1883, and a rail station was constructed, Calgary began to grow into an important commercial and agricultural centre. Over a century later, the Canadian Pacific Railway headquarters moved to Calgary from Montreal in 1996.
 Calgary was officially incorporated as a town in 1884, and elected its first mayor, George Murdoch. In 1894, it was incorporated as "The City of Calgary" in what was then the North-West Territories. The Calgary Police Service was established in 1885 and assumed municipal, local duties from the NWMP. The Calgary Fire of 1886 occurred on November 7, 1886. Fourteen buildings were destroyed with losses estimated at $103,200.
Although no one was killed or injured, city officials drafted a law requiring all large downtown buildings to be built with Paskapoo sandstone, to prevent this from happening again. After the arrival of the railway, the Dominion Government started leasing grazing land at minimal cost (up to 100,000 acres (400 km2) for one cent per acre per year). As a result of this policy, large ranching operations were established in the outlying country near Calgary.
Already a transportation and distribution hub, Calgary quickly became the centre of Canada's cattle marketing and meatpacking industries. By the late 19th century, the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) expanded into the interior and established posts along rivers that later developed into the modern cities of Winnipeg, Calgary and Edmonton. In 1884, the HBC established a sales shop in Calgary. The HBC also built the first of the grand "original six" department stores in Calgary in 1913, the others that followed are Edmonton, Vancouver, Victoria, Saskatoon, and Winnipeg.
 Between 1896 and 1914 settlers from all over the world poured into the area in response to the offer of free "homestead" land. Agriculture and ranching became key components of the local economy, shaping the future of Calgary for years to come. The world-famous Calgary Stampede, still held annually in July, was started by four wealthy ranchers as a small agricultural show in 1912. It is now known as the "greatest outdoor show on earth".
 Oil boom Oil was first discovered in Alberta in 1902, but it did not become a significant industry in the province until 1947 when reserves of it were discovered near Leduc. Calgary quickly found itself at the centre of the ensuing oil boom. The city's economy grew when oil prices increased with the Arab Oil Embargo of 1973. The population increased by 272,000 in the eighteen years between 1971 (403,000) and 1989 (675,000) and another 345,000 in the next eighteen years (to 1,020,000 in 2007).
During these boom years, skyscrapers were constructed and the relatively low-rise downtown quickly became dense with tall buildings. Calgary's economy was so closely tied to the oil industry that the city's boom peaked with the average annual price of oil in 1981. The subsequent drops in oil prices were cited by industry as reasons for a collapse in the oil industry and consequently the overall Calgary economy.
Low oil prices prevented a full recovery until the 1990s. Recent history With the energy sector employing a huge number of Calgarians, the fallout from the economic slump of the early 1980s was significant, and the unemployment rate soared. By the end of the decade, however, the economy was in recovery. Calgary quickly realized that it could not afford to put so much emphasis on oil and gas, and the city has since become much more diverse, both economically and culturally.
The period during this recession marked Calgary's transition from a mid-sized and relatively nondescript prairie city into a major cosmopolitan and diverse centre. This transition culminated in the city hosting Canada's first Winter Olympics in 1988. The success of these Games essentially put the city on the world stage. Thanks in part to escalating oil prices, the economy in Calgary and Alberta was booming until the end of 2009, and the region of nearly 1.
1 million people was home to the fastest growing economy in the country. While the oil and gas industry comprise an important part of the economy, the city has invested a great deal into other areas such as tourism and high-tech manufacturing. Over 3.1 million people now visit the city annually for its many festivals and attractions, especially the Calgary Stampede. The nearby mountain resort towns of Banff, Lake Louise, and Canmore are also becoming increasingly popular with tourists, and are bringing people into Calgary as a result.
Other modern industries include light manufacturing, high-tech, film, e-commerce, transportation, and services. Widespread flooding throughout southern Alberta, including on the Bow and Elbow rivers, forced the evacuation of over 75,000 city residents on June 21, 2013, and left large areas of the city, including downtown, without power. Eastern portion of Calgary's skyline from the south, 2016 Geography Map of Calgary: Purple indicates industrial zones Calgary is located at the transition zone between the Canadian Rockies foothills and the Canadian Prairies.
The city lies within the foothills of the Parkland Natural Region and the Grasslands Natural Region. Downtown Calgary is about 1,042.4 m (3,420 ft) above sea level, and the airport is 1,076 m (3,531 ft). In 2011, the city covered a land area of 825.29 km2 (318.65 sq mi). Two rivers run through the city. The Bow River is the larger and it flows from the west to the south. The Elbow River flows northwards from the south until it converges with the Bow River at the historic site of Fort Calgary near downtown.
Since the climate of the region is generally dry, dense vegetation occurs naturally only in the river valleys, on some north-facing slopes, and within Fish Creek Provincial Park. The City of Calgary, 848 km2 (327 sq mi) in size, consists of an inner city surrounded by suburban communities of various density. The city is immediately surrounded by two municipal districts – the Municipal District of Foothills No.
31 to the south and Rocky View County to the north, west and east. Proximate urban communities beyond the city within the Calgary Region include: the City of Airdrie to the north; the City of Chestermere, the Town of Strathmore and the Hamlet of Langdon to the east; the towns of Okotoks and High River to the south; and the Town of Cochrane to the northwest. Numerous rural subdivisions are located within the Elbow Valley, Springbank and Bearspaw areas to the west and northwest.
 The Tsuu T'ina Nation Indian Reserve No. 145 borders Calgary to the southwest. Over the years, the city has made many land annexations to facilitate growth. In the most recent annexation of lands from Rocky View County, completed in July 2007, the city annexed Shepard, a former hamlet, and placed its boundaries adjacent to the Hamlet of Balzac and City of Chestermere, and very close to the City of Airdrie.
 Flora and fauna Numerous plant and animal species are found within and around Calgary. The Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca) comes near the northern limit of its range at Calgary. Another conifer of widespread distribution found in the Calgary area is the White Spruce (Picea glauca). Neighbourhoods Main article: List of neighbourhoods in Calgary Inglewood, inner-city neighbourhood in Calgary The downtown region of the city consists of five neighbourhoods: Eau Claire (including the Festival District), the Downtown West End, the Downtown Commercial Core, Chinatown, and the Downtown East Village (also part of the Rivers District).
The commercial core is itself divided into a number of districts including the Stephen Avenue Retail Core, the Entertainment District, the Arts District and the Government District. Distinct from downtown and south of 9th Avenue is Calgary's densest neighbourhood, the Beltline. The area includes a number of communities such as Connaught, Victoria Crossing and a portion of the Rivers District. The Beltline is the focus of major planning and rejuvenation initiatives on the part of the municipal government to increase the density and liveliness of Calgary's centre.
Adjacent to, or directly radiating from the downtown are the first of the inner-city communities. These include Crescent Heights, Hounsfield Heights/Briar Hill, Hillhurst/Sunnyside (including Kensington BRZ), Bridgeland, Renfrew, Mount Royal, Scarboro, Sunalta, Mission, Ramsay and Inglewood and Albert Park/Radisson Heights directly to the east. The inner city is, in turn, surrounded by relatively dense and established neighbourhoods such as Rosedale and Mount Pleasant to the north; Bowness, Parkdale and Glendale to the west; Park Hill, South Calgary (including Marda Loop), Bankview, Altadore, and Killarney to the south; and Forest Lawn/International Avenue to the east.
Lying beyond these, and usually separated from one another by highways, are suburban communities including Evergreen, Somerset, Country Hills, Sundance, Riverbend, and McKenzie Towne. In all, there are over 180 distinct neighbourhoods within the city limits. Several of Calgary's neighbourhoods were initially separate municipalities that were annexed by the city as it grew. These include Bowness, Montgomery, and Forest Lawn.
Climate Calgary Climate chart (explanation) J F M A M J J A S O N D 9.4 −1 −13 9.4 1 −11 18 4 −8 25 11 −2 57 16 3 94 20 8 66 23 10 57 23 9 45 18 4 15 12 −1 13 3 −8 10 −1 −13 Average max. and min.
temperatures in °C Precipitation totals in mm Source:  Imperial conversion J F M A M J J A S O N D 0.4 30 8 0.4 33 11 0.7 40 19 1 52 28 2.2 61 38 3.7 68 46 2.6 74 50 2.2 73 48 1.8 64 39 0.6 53 29 0.5 38 17 0.4 31 9 Average max.
and min. temperatures in °F Precipitation totals in inches Calgary experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb). It falls into the NRC Plant Hardiness Zone 4a. According to Environment Canada, average daily temperatures in Calgary range from 16.5 °C (61.7 °F) in July to −6.8 °C (19.8 °F) in December. Ice fog is common over ice-free currents of the Bow River when temperatures drop to −17 °C (1 °F).
Hoar frost forms on vegetation. January 9, 2015 −20 °C (−4 °F), 10:00 am Winters are cold and the air temperature can drop to or below −20 °C (−4 °F) on average of 22 days of the year and −30 °C (−22 °F) on average of 3.7 days of the year, and are often broken up by warm, dry Chinook winds that blow into Alberta over the mountains. These winds can raise the winter temperature by 20 °C (36 °F), and as much as 30 °C (54 °F) in just a few hours, and may last several days.
 As well, Calgary's proximity to the Rocky Mountains affects winter temperature average mean temperature with a mixture of lows and highs, and tends to result in a mild winter for a city in the Prairie Provinces. Temperatures are also affected by the wind chill factor, Calgary's average wind speed is 14.2 km/h, one of the highest in Canadian cities. In summer, daytime temperatures can exceed 30 °C (86 °F) an average of 5.
1 days anytime in June, July and August, and occasionally as late as September or as early as May, and in winter drop below or at −30 °C (−22 °F) 3.7 days of the year. As a consequence of Calgary's high elevation and aridity, summer evenings tend to cool off, with monthly averages below 10 °C (50 °F) throughout the summer months. Aurora beyond Calgary's downtown skyline Calgary has the most sunny days year round of Canada's 100 largest cities, with just over 332 days of sun; it has on average 2,396 hours of sunshine annually.
 With an average relative humidity of 55% in the winter and 45% in the summer (15:00 MST), Calgary International Airport in the northeastern section of the city receives an average of 418.8 mm (16.49 in) of precipitation annually, with 326.4 mm (12.85 in) of that occurring in the form of rain, and 129 cm (51 in) as snow. The most rainfall occurs in June and the most snowfall in March.
 Calgary has also recorded snow every month of the year. It is uncommon in July, but not unheard of. The last notable event was on July 15, 1999. Thunderstorms can be frequent and some times severe with most of them occurring in the summer months. Calgary lies within Alberta's Hailstorm Alley and is prone to damaging hailstorms every few years. A hailstorm that struck Calgary on September 7, 1991, was one of the most destructive natural disasters in Canadian history, with over $400 million in damage.
 Being west of the dry line on most occasions, tornadoes are rare in the region. The highest temperature ever recorded in Calgary was 36.1 °C (97 °F) on July 15, 1919, and July 25, 1933. The coldest temperature ever recorded was −45.0 °C (−49 °F) on February 4, 1893. Climate data for Calgary International Airport, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1881–present Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high humidex 17.
3 21.9 25.2 27.2 31.6 33.3 36.9 36.0 32.9 28.7 22.2 19.4 36.9 Record high °C (°F) 17.6 (63.7) 22.6 (72.7) 25.4 (77.7) 29.4 (84.9) 32.4 (90.3) 35.0 (95) 36.1 (97) 35.6 (96.1) 33.3 (91.9) 29.4 (84.9) 22.8 (73) 19.5 (67.1) 36.1 (97) Average high °C (°F) −0.9 (30.4) 0.7 (33.3) 4.4 (39.9) 11.2 (52.2) 16.3 (61.3) 19.8 (67.6) 23.2 (73.8) 22.8 (73) 17.8 (64) 11.7 (53.1) 3.4 (38.1) −0.8 (30.6) 10.8 (51.
4) Daily mean °C (°F) −7.1 (19.2) −5.4 (22.3) −1.6 (29.1) 4.6 (40.3) 9.7 (49.5) 13.7 (56.7) 16.5 (61.7) 15.8 (60.4) 11.0 (51.8) 5.2 (41.4) −2.4 (27.7) −6.8 (19.8) 4.4 (39.9) Average low °C (°F) −13.2 (8.2) −11.4 (11.5) −7.5 (18.5) −2.0 (28.4) 3.1 (37.6) 7.5 (45.5) 9.8 (49.6) 8.8 (47.8) 4.1 (39.4) −1.4 (29.5) −8.2 (17.2) −12.8 (9) −1.9 (28.6) Record low °C (°F) −44.
4 (−47.9) −45.0 (−49) −37.2 (−35) −30.0 (−22) −16.7 (1.9) −3.3 (26.1) −0.6 (30.9) −3.2 (26.2) −13.3 (8.1) −25.7 (−14.3) −35.0 (−31) −42.8 (−45) −45.0 (−49) Record low wind chill −52.1 −52.6 −44.7 −37.1 −23.7 −5.8 0.0 −4.1 −12.5 −34.3 −47.9 −55.1 −55.1 Average precipitation mm (inches) 9.4 (0.37) 9.4 (0.37) 17.8 (0.701) 25.2 (0.992) 56.
8 (2.236) 94.0 (3.701) 65.5 (2.579) 57.0 (2.244) 45.1 (1.776) 15.3 (0.602) 13.1 (0.516) 10.2 (0.402) 418.8 (16.488) Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.1 (0.004) 0.1 (0.004) 2.2 (0.087) 10.8 (0.425) 46.1 (1.815) 93.9 (3.697) 65.5 (2.579) 57.0 (2.244) 41.7 (1.642) 7.5 (0.295) 1.5 (0.059) 0.3 (0.012) 326.4 (12.85) Average snowfall cm (inches) 15.3 (6.02) 14.5 (5.71) 22.7 (8.94) 18.8 (7.4) 11.9 (4.69) 0.1 (0.
04) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 3.9 (1.54) 10.0 (3.94) 16.6 (6.54) 15.0 (5.91) 128.8 (50.71) Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 7.3 6.8 9.2 9.0 11.2 13.8 13.0 10.6 9.1 7.2 7.6 6.9 111.8 Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.27 0.20 1.3 4.1 10.1 13.8 13.0 10.5 8.7 4.2 1.4 0.40 67.9 Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 7.7 7.4 9.5 6.4 2.6 0.07 0.0 0.10 1.3 4.1 7.4 7.7 54.2 Average relative humidity (%) 54.5 53.2 50.
3 40.7 43.5 48.6 46.8 44.6 44.3 44.3 54.0 55.3 48.3 Mean monthly sunshine hours 119.5 144.6 177.2 220.2 249.4 269.9 314.1 284.0 207.0 175.4 121.1 114.0 2,396.3 Percent possible sunshine 45.6 51.3 48.2 53.1 51.8 54.6 63.1 62.9 54.4 52.7 45.0 46.0 52.4 Source: Environment Canada Climate data for University of Calgary, 1971–2000 normals, extremes 1964–1990 Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) 16.
1 (61) 19.5 (67.1) 20.5 (68.9) 28.0 (82.4) 31.5 (88.7) 32.2 (90) 33.9 (93) 33.5 (92.3) 33.9 (93) 28.0 (82.4) 22.2 (72) 18.0 (64.4) 33.9 (93) Average high °C (°F) −2.6 (27.3) −0.7 (30.7) 3.8 (38.8) 10.7 (51.3) 16.0 (60.8) 20.0 (68) 22.6 (72.7) 21.7 (71.1) 16.4 (61.5) 12.2 (54) 2.9 (37.2) −1.7 (28.9) 10.11 (50.19) Daily mean °C (°F) −8.1 (17.4) −6.2 (20.8) −1.7 (28.9) 4.6 (40.3) 9.8 (49.
6) 13.9 (57) 16.2 (61.2) 15.4 (59.7) 10.3 (50.5) 6.0 (42.8) −2.3 (27.9) −6.9 (19.6) 4.25 (39.64) Average low °C (°F) −13.5 (7.7) −11.6 (11.1) −7.2 (19) −1.5 (29.3) 3.6 (38.5) 7.7 (45.9) 9.7 (49.5) 9.0 (48.2) 4.2 (39.6) −0.3 (31.5) −7.5 (18.5) −12.0 (10.4) −1.62 (29.1) Record low °C (°F) −40.6 (−41.1) −38.0 (−36.4) −31.7 (−25.1) −20.6 (−5.1) −11.1 (12) −1.
5 (29.3) 0.0 (32) −2.0 (28.4) −10.6 (12.9) −24.0 (−11.2) −34.0 (−29.2) −41.1 (−42) −41.1 (−42) Average precipitation mm (inches) 17.5 (0.689) 13.9 (0.547) 18.7 (0.736) 29.1 (1.146) 64.0 (2.52) 64.4 (2.535) 66.8 (2.63) 60.2 (2.37) 51.8 (2.039) 14.8 (0.583) 13.2 (0.52) 16.5 (0.65) 430.9 (16.965) Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.2 (0.008) 0.1 (0.004) 1.6 (0.063) 13.3 (0.524) 54.9 (2.
161) 64.4 (2.535) 66.8 (2.63) 60.2 (2.37) 47.1 (1.854) 5.0 (0.197) 0.6 (0.024) 0.2 (0.008) 314.4 (12.378) Average snowfall cm (inches) 17.3 (6.81) 13.8 (5.43) 17.1 (6.73) 15.8 (6.22) 9.1 (3.58) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 4.7 (1.85) 9.7 (3.82) 12.6 (4.96) 16.4 (6.46) 116.5 (45.86) Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 9.1 7.8 8.1 8.0 11.5 11.9 12.6 11.3 10.2 5.4 6.8 8.1 110.8 Average rainy days (≥ 0.
2 mm) 0.40 0.05 0.85 3.7 10.5 11.9 12.6 11.3 9.6 3.0 0.68 0.42 65 Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 9.1 7.8 7.7 5.6 2.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.7 3.1 6.4 7.7 51.3 Source: Environment Canada Demographics Main article: Demographics of Calgary Federal census population history Year Pop. ±% 1891 3,876 — 1901 4,091 +5.5% 1906 11,967 +192.5% 1911 43,704 +265.2% 1916 56,514 +29.3% 1921 63,305 +12.0% 1926 65,291 +3.
1% 1931 83,761 +28.3% 1936 83,407 −0.4% 1941 88,904 +6.6% 1946 100,044 +12.5% 1951 129,060 +29.0% 1956 181,780 +40.8% 1961 249,641 +37.3% 1966 330,575 +32.4% 1971 403,319 +22.0% 1976 469,917 +16.5% 1981 592,743 +26.1% 1986 636,107 +7.3% 1991 710,795 +11.7% 1996 768,082 +8.1% 2001 878,866 +14.4% 2006 988,193 +12.4% 2011 1,096,833 +11.0% 2016 1,239,220 +13.0% Source: Statistics Canada The population of the City of Calgary according to its 2017 municipal census is 1,246,337, a change of 0.
9% from its 2016 municipal census population of 1,235,171. In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the City of Calgary recorded a population of 1,239,220 living in 466,725 of its 489,650 total private dwellings, a change of 13% from its 2011 population of 1,096,833. With a land area of 825.56 km2 (318.75 sq mi), it had a population density of 1,501.1/km2 (3,887.7/sq mi) in 2016.
 Calgary was ranked 1st among the three cities in Canada that saw their population grow by more than 100,000 people between 2011 and 2016. During this time Calgary saw a population growth of 142,387 people, followed by Edmonton at 120,345 people and Toronto at 116,511 people. In the 2011 Census, the City of Calgary had a population of 1,096,833 living in 423,417 of its 445,848 total dwellings, a change of 10.
9% from its 2006 adjusted population of 988,812. With a land area of 825.29 km2 (318.65 sq mi), it had a population density of 1,329.0/km2 (3,442.2/sq mi) in 2011. According to the 2011 Statistics Canada Census, persons aged 14 years and under made up 17.9% of the population, and those aged 65 and older made up 9.95%. The median age was 36.4 years. In 2011, the city's gender population was 49.
9% male and 50.1% female. The Calgary census metropolitan area (CMA) is the fifth-largest CMA in Canada and largest in Alberta. It had a population of 1,214,839 in the 2011 Census compared to its 2006 population of 1,079,310. Its five-year population change of 12.6 percent was the highest among all CMAs in Canada between 2006 and 2011. With a land area of 5,107.55 km2 (1,972.04 sq mi), the Calgary CMA had a population density of 237.
9/km2 (616.0/sq mi) in 2011. Statistics Canada's latest estimate of the Calgary CMA population, as of July 1, 2013, is 1,364,827. The population within an hour commuting distance of the city is 1,511,755. As a consequence of the large number of corporations, as well as the presence of the energy sector in Alberta, Calgary has a median family income of $104,530. Calgary Stampede grounds Ethnicity As of 2016, 36.
2% of the population belong to a visible minority group. Of the largest Canadian cities, Calgary ranked fourth in proportion of visible minorities, behind Toronto, Vancouver, and Winnipeg. Among the immigrants arriving in Calgary between 2001 and 2006, 78% belonged to a visible minority group. South Asians (mainly from India or Pakistan) make up the largest group (7.5%), followed by Chinese (6.8%).
There were more than 200 different ethnic origins in Calgary, the most frequently reported were English, Scottish, Canadian, German and Irish. Religions Religion in Calgary (2011 census) Religion Percent(%) Christian 54.9% No religion 32.3% Muslim 5.2% Sikh 2.6% Buddhist 2.1% Hindu 1.6% Jewish 0.6% Other 0.7% Christians make up 54.9% of the population, while 32.
3% have no religious affiliation. Other religions in the city are Muslims (5.2%), Sikhs (2.6%) and Buddhists (2.1%). Its St. Mary’s Cathedral is the see of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Calgary. There is also an Anglican Diocese of Calgary. Economy See also: Economy of Alberta Suncor Energy Centre Calgary is recognized as a Canadian leader in the oil and gas industry as well as for being a leader in economic expansion.
 Its high personal and family incomes, low unemployment and high GDP per capita have all benefited from increased sales and prices due to a resource boom, and increasing economic diversification. Calgary benefits from a relatively strong job market in Alberta, is part of the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor, one of the fastest growing regions in the country. It is the head office for many major oil and gas related companies, and many financial service business have grown up around them.
Small business and self-employment levels also rank amongst the highest in Canada. It is also a distribution and transportation hub with high retail sales. Calgary's economy is decreasingly dominated by the oil and gas industry, although it is still the single largest contributor to the city's GDP. In 2006, Calgary's real GDP (in constant 1997 dollars) was C$52.386 billion, of which oil, gas and mining contributed 12%.
 The larger oil and gas companies are BP Canada, Canadian Natural Resources Limited, Cenovus Energy, Encana, Imperial Oil, Suncor Energy, Shell Canada, Husky Energy, TransCanada, and Nexen, making the city home to 87% of Canada's oil and natural gas producers and 66% of coal producers. Labour force (2016) Rate Calgary Alberta Canada Employment 66.9% 66.3% 61.2% Unemployment 10.3% 9.0% 6.
8% Participation 74.6% 72.9% 65.6% As of November 2016, the city had a labour force of 901,700 (a 74.6% participation rate) and 10.3% unemployment rate. In 2006, the unemployment rate was amongst the lowest of the major cities in Canada at 3.2%, causing a shortage of both skilled and unskilled workers. Employment by industry Industry Calgary Alberta Agriculture 6.1% 10.
9% Manufacturing 15.8% 15.8% Trade 15.9% 15.8% Finance 6.4% 5.0% Health and education 25.1% 18.8% Business services 25.1% 18.8% Other services 16.5% 18.7% In 2010 the "Professional, Technical and Management" Industry accounted for over 14% of employment and the areas of "Architectural, Engineering and Design Services" and "Management, Scientific and Technical Services" employment levels far exceed Canadian levels.
Though Trade employs 14.7% of the work force, its percentage of total employment is not higher than the Canadian average. Levels of employment in Construction are both fairly high, exceed Canadian averages, and have grown 16% between 2006 and 2010. Health and Welfare services, which account for 10% of employment, have grown 20% in that period. In 2006, the top three private sector employers in Calgary were Shaw Communications (7,500 employees), Nova Chemicals (4,945) and Telus (4,517).
 Companies rounding out the top ten were Mark's Work Wearhouse, the Calgary Co-op, Nexen, Canadian Pacific Railway, CNRL, Shell Canada and Dow Chemical Canada. The top public sector employers in 2006 were the Calgary Zone of the Alberta Health Services (22,000), the City of Calgary (12,296) and the Calgary Board of Education (8,000). Public sector employers rounding out the top five were the University of Calgary and the Calgary Roman Catholic Separate School Division.
 In Canada, Calgary has the second-highest concentration of head offices in Canada (behind Toronto), the most head offices per capita, and the highest head office revenue per capita. Some large employers with Calgary head offices include Canada Safeway Limited, Westfair Foods Ltd., Suncor Energy, Agrium, Flint Energy Services Ltd., Shaw Communication, and Canadian Pacific Railway. CPR moved its head office from Montreal in 1996 and Imperial Oil moved from Toronto in 2005.
EnCana's new 58-floor corporate headquarters, the Bow, became the tallest building in Canada outside of Toronto. In 2001, the city became the corporate headquarters of the TSX Venture Exchange. WestJet is headquartered close to the Calgary International Airport, and Enerjet has its headquarters on the airport grounds. Prior to their dissolution, Canadian Airlines and Air Canada's subsidiary Zip were also headquartered near the city's airport.
 Although the main office is now based in Yellowknife, Canadian North, purchased from Canadian Airlines in September 1998, still maintain the operations and charter offices in Calgary. According to a report by Alexi Olcheski of Avison Young published in August 2015, vacancy rates rose to 11.5 per cent in the second quarter of 2015 from 8.3 per cent in 2014. Oil and gas company office spaces in downtown Calgary are subleasing 40 per cent of their overall vacancies.
 H&R Real Estate Investment Trust, which owns the 58-storey 158,000-square-metre highrise the Bow Tower claims the building was fully leased. Tenants such as Suncor "have been letting staff and contractors go in response to the downturn." Arts and culture Calgary Stampede Park Calgary has a number of multicultural areas. Forest Lawn is among the most diverse areas in the city and as such, the area around 17 Avenue SE within the neighbourhood is also known as International Avenue.
The district is home to many ethnic restaurants and stores. Calgary was designated as one of the cultural capitals of Canada in 2012. While many Calgarians continue to live in the city's suburbs, more central districts such as 17 Avenue, Kensington, Inglewood, Forest Lawn, Marda Loop and the Mission District have become more popular and density in those areas has increased. The nightlife and the availability of cultural venues in these areas has gradually begun to evolve as a result.
The Calgary Public Library is the city's public library network, with 17 branches loaning books, e-books, CDs, DVDs, Blu-rays, audio books, and more. Based on borrowing, the library is the second largest in Canada, and sixth-largest municipal library system in North America. The 22,000-square-metre (240,000 sq ft) Calgary Central Library is under construction in Calgary East Village, and is expected to be completed in 2018.
 Calgary is the site of the Southern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium performing arts, culture and community facility. The auditorium is one of two "twin" facilities in the province, the other located in Edmonton, each being locally known as the "Jube". The 2,538-seat auditorium was opened in 1957 and has been host to hundreds of Broadway musical, theatrical, stage and local productions. The Calgary Jube is the resident home of the Alberta Ballet Company, the Calgary Opera, the Kiwanis Music Festival, and the annual civic Remembrance Day ceremonies.
Both auditoriums operate 365 days a year, and are run by the provincial government. Both received major renovations as part of the province's centennial in 2005. Alberta Ballet at the Nat Christie Centre The Alberta Ballet is the third largest dance company in Canada. Under the artistic direction of Jean Grand-Maître, the Alberta Ballet is at the forefront both at home and internationally.
The dance company has developed a distinctive repertoire and a high level of performance. Jean Grand-Maître has become well known for his successful collaborations with pop-artists like Joni Mitchell, Elton John, and Sarah McLachlan. The Alberta Ballet resides in the Nat Christie Centre. The city is also home to a number of theatre companies; among them are One Yellow Rabbit, which shares the Arts Commons building with the Calgary Philharmonic Orchestra, as well as Theatre Calgary, Alberta Theatre Projects and Theatre Junction GRAND, culture house dedicated to the contemporary live arts.
Calgary was also the birthplace of the improvisational theatre games known as Theatresports. The Calgary International Film Festival is also held annually, as well as the International Festival of Animated Objects. Epcor Centre for the Performing Arts Every three years, Calgary hosts the Honens International Piano Competition (formerly known as the Esther Honens International Piano Competition).
The finalists of the competition perform piano concerti with the Calgary Philharmonic Orchestra; the laureate is awarded a cash prize (currently $100,000.00 CDN, the largest cash award of any international piano competition), and a three-year career development program. The Honens is an integral component of the classical music scene in Calgary. Visual and conceptual artists like the art collective United Congress are active in the city.
There are a number of art galleries in the downtown along Stephen Avenue; the SoDo (South of Downtown) Design District; the 17 Avenue corridor; and the neighbourhood of Inglewood, including the Esker Foundation. Calgary is also home to the Alberta College of Art and Design. A number of marching bands are based in Calgary. They include the Calgary Round-Up Band, the Calgary Stetson Show Band, the Bishop Grandin Marching Ghosts, and the five-time World Association for Marching Show Bands champions, the Calgary Stampede Showband, as well as military bands including the Band of HMCS Tecumseh, the King's Own Calgary Regiment Band, and the Regimental Pipes and Drums of The Calgary Highlanders.
There are many other civilian pipe bands in the city, notably the Calgary Police Service Pipe Band. Glenbow Museum Calgary is also home to a choral music community, including a variety of amateur, community, and semi-professional groups. Some of the mainstays include the Mount Royal Choirs from the Mount Royal University Conservatory, the Calgary Boys' Choir, the Calgary Girls Choir, the Youth Singers of Calgary, the Cantaré Children's Choir, and Spiritus Chamber Choir.
Calgary hosts a number of annual festivals and events. These include the Calgary International Film Festival, the Calgary Folk Music Festival, FunnyFest Calgary Comedy Festival, Sled Island music festival, Beakerhead arts, science and engineering festival, the Folk Music Festival, the Greek festival, Carifest, Wordfest, the Lilac Festival, GlobalFest, Otafest, FallCon, the Calgary Fringe Festival, Summerstock, Expo Latino, Calgary Pride, Calgary International Spoken Word Festival, and many other cultural and ethnic festivals.
Calgary's best-known event is the Calgary Stampede, which has occurred each July since 1912. It is one of the largest festivals in Canada, with a 2005 attendance of 1,242,928 at the 10-day rodeo and exhibition. Several museums are located in the city. The Glenbow Museum is the largest in western Canada and includes an art gallery and First Nations gallery. Other major museums include the Chinese Cultural Centre (at 70,000 sq ft (6,500 m2), the largest stand-alone cultural centre in Canada), the Canadian Olympic Hall of Fame and Museum (at Canada Olympic Park), The Military Museums, the Cantos Music Museum and the Aero Space Museum.
Numerous films have been shot in Calgary and area. Notable films shot in and around the city include: Assassination of Jesse James, Brokeback Mountain, Dances with Wolves, Doctor Zhivago, Inception, Legends of the Fall, Unforgiven and The Revenant. The Calgary Herald and the Calgary Sun are the main newspapers in Calgary. Global, City, CTV and CBC television networks have local studios in the city.
Attractions Main article: List of attractions and landmarks in Calgary Downtown Calgary seen from Eau Claire Calgary Tower, reflected in a nearby high rise Downtown features an eclectic mix of restaurants and bars, cultural venues, public squares (including Olympic Plaza) and shopping. Notable shopping areas include such as The Core Shopping Centre (formerly Calgary Eaton Centre/TD Square), Stephen Avenue and Eau Claire Market.
Downtown tourist attractions include the Calgary Zoo, the Telus Spark, the Telus Convention Centre, the Chinatown district, the Glenbow Museum, the Calgary Tower, the Art Gallery of Calgary (AGC), Military Museum and the EPCOR Centre for the Performing Arts. At 1.0 hectare (2.5 acres), the Devonian Gardens is one of the largest urban indoor gardens in the world, and it is located on the 4th floor of The Core Shopping Centre (above the shopping).
The downtown region is also home to Prince's Island Park, an urban park located just north of the Eau Claire district. Directly to the south of downtown is Midtown and the Beltline. This area is quickly becoming one of the city's densest and most active mixed use areas. At the district's core is the popular 17 Avenue, known for its many bars and nightclubs, restaurants, and shopping venues. During the Calgary Flames' playoff run in 2004, 17 Avenue was frequented by over 50,000 fans and supporters per game night.
The concentration of red jersey-wearing fans led to the street's playoff moniker, the "Red Mile". Downtown is easily accessed using the city's C-Train light rail (LRT) transit system. Attractions on the west side of the city include the Heritage Park Historical Village historical park, depicting life in pre-1914 Alberta and featuring working historic vehicles such as a steam train, paddle steamer and electric streetcar.
The village itself comprises a mixture of replica buildings and historic structures relocated from southern Alberta. Other major city attractions include Canada Olympic Park, which features Canada's Sports Hall of Fame, and Spruce Meadows. In addition to the many shopping areas in the city centre, there are a number of large suburban shopping complexes in the city. Among the largest are Chinook Centre and Southcentre Mall in the south, Westhills and Signal Hill in the southwest, South Trail Crossing and Deerfoot Meadows in the southeast, Market Mall in the northwest, Sunridge Mall in the northeast, and the newly built CrossIron Mills just north of the Calgary city limits, and south of the City of Airdrie.
The Bow – EnCana's Headquarters In nearby Airdrie at the Calgary/Airdrie Airport the Airdrie Regional Airshow is held every two years. In 2011 the airshow featured the Canadian Snowbirds, a CF-18 demo and a United States Air Force F-16. Tallest buildings Main article: List of tallest buildings in Calgary Downtown can be recognized by its numerous skyscrapers. Some of these structures, such as the Calgary Tower and the Scotiabank Saddledome are unique enough to be symbols of Calgary.
Office buildings tend to concentrate within the commercial core, while residential towers occur most frequently within the Downtown West End and the Beltline, south of downtown. These buildings are iconographic of the city's booms and busts, and it is easy to recognize the various phases of development that have shaped the image of downtown. The first skyscraper building boom occurred during the late 1950s and continued through to the 1970s.
After 1980, during the recession, many high-rise construction projects were immediately halted. It was not until the late 1980s and through to the early 1990s that major construction began again, initiated by the 1988 Winter Olympics and stimulated by the growing economy. In total, there are 14 office towers that are at least 150 m (490 ft) (usually around 40 floors) or higher. The tallest of these is Brookfield Place, which is the tallest office tower in Canada outside Toronto.
 Calgary's Bankers Hall Towers are also the tallest twin towers in Canada. As of 2008, there were 264 completed high-rise buildings, with 42 more under construction, another 13 approved for construction and 63 more proposed. Sports and recreation Main article: Sports in Calgary Canada Olympic Park In large part due to its proximity to the Rocky Mountains, Calgary has traditionally been a popular destination for winter sports.
Since hosting the 1988 Winter Olympics, the city has also been home to a number of major winter sporting facilities such as Canada Olympic Park (bobsleigh, luge, cross-country skiing, ski jumping, downhill skiing, snowboarding, and some summer sports) and the Olympic Oval (speed skating and hockey). These facilities serve as the primary training venues for a number of competitive athletes. Also, Canada Olympic Park serves as a mountain biking trail in the summer months.
In the summer, the Bow River is very popular among fly-fishermen. Golfing is also an extremely popular activity for Calgarians and the region has a large number of courses. Calgary hosted the 2009 World Water Ski Championship Festival in August, at the Predator Bay Water Ski Club, approximately 40 km (25 mi) south of the city. Scotiabank Saddledome As part of the wider Battle of Alberta, the city's sports teams enjoy a popular rivalry with their Edmonton counterparts, most notably the rivalries between the National Hockey League's Calgary Flames and Edmonton Oilers, and the Canadian Football League's Calgary Stampeders and Edmonton Eskimos.
Calgary is renowned in professional wrestling tradition as both the home-city of the prominent Hart wrestling family and the location of the infamous Hart family "Dungeon", wherein WWE Hall of Fame member and patriarch of the Hart Family, Stu Hart, trained numerous professional wrestlers including Superstar Billy Graham, Brian Pillman, the British Bulldogs, Edge, Christian, Greg Valentine, Chris Jericho, Jushin Thunder Liger and many more.
Also among the trainees were the Hart family members themselves, including WWE Hall of Fame member and former WWE champion Bret Hart and his brother, the 1994 WWF King of the Ring, Owen Hart. Ceremonial puck drop at the 2011 Heritage Classic between the Calgary Flames and the Montreal Canadiens Award Ceremony for the Enbridge Cup, an element of the 2005 Spruce Meadows National Tournament In 1997 Calgary hosted The World Police & Fire Games hosting over 16,000 athletes from all over the world.
Professional sports teams Club League Venue Established Championships Calgary Stampeders Canadian Football League McMahon Stadium 1945 7 Calgary Flames National Hockey League Scotiabank Saddledome 1980 1 Calgary Roughnecks National Lacrosse League Scotiabank Saddledome 2001 2 Semi-professional teams Club League Venue Established Championships Calgary Crush American Basketball Association SAIT 2011 0 Amateur and junior clubs Club League Venue Established Championships Calgary Canucks Alberta Junior Hockey League Max Bell Centre 1971 9 Calgary Mustangs Alberta Junior Hockey League Father David Bauer Olympic Arena 1990 1 Calgary Hitmen Western Hockey League Scotiabank Saddledome 1995 2 Calgary Inferno Canadian Women's Hockey League Olympic Oval 2011 1 Calgary Mavericks Rugby Canada National Junior Championship Calgary Rugby Park 1998 1 Within Calgary there are approximately 8,000 ha (20,000 acres) of parkland available for public usage and recreation.
 These parks include Fish Creek Provincial Park, Inglewood Bird Sanctuary, Bowness Park, Edworthy Park, Confederation Park, Prince’s Island Park, Nose Hill Park, and Central Memorial Park. Nose Hill Park is one of the largest municipal parks in Canada at 1,129 ha (2,790 acres). The park has been subject to a revitalization plan that began in 2006. Its trail system is currently undergoing rehabilitation in accordance with this plan.
 The oldest park in Calgary, Central Memorial Park, dates back to 1911. Similar to Nose Hill Park, revitalization also took place in Central Memorial Park in 2008–2009 and reopened to the public in 2010 while still maintaining its Victorian style. A 800 km (500 mi) pathway system connects these parks and various neighbourhoods. Calgary also has multiple private sporting clubs including the Glencoe Club and the Calgary Winter Club.
Government The city is a corporate power-centre, a high percentage of the workforce is employed in white-collar jobs. The high concentration of oil and gas corporations led to the rise of Peter Lougheed's Progressive Conservative Party in 1971. However, as Calgary's population has increased, so has the diversity of its politics. Municipal politics Calgary's new and old city halls Calgary is governed in accordance with Alberta's Municipal Government Act (1995).
 Calgarians elect 14 ward councillors and a mayor to Calgary City Council every four years. Naheed Nenshi was first elected mayor in the 2010 municipal election. Naheed Nenshi was re-elected in 2013 and 2017. Two school boards operate independently of each other in Calgary, the public and the separate systems. Both boards have 7 elected trustees each representing 2 of 14 wards. The School Boards are considered to be part of municipal politics in Calgary as they are elected at the same time as City Council.
 Provincial politics As a result of the 2015 provincial election, Calgary is represented by twenty-five MLAs, including fifteen New Democrats, seven Progressive Conservatives, and one member each of the Wildrose Party, Alberta Party and Alberta Liberal Party. During this election, the Alberta Party won its first-ever seat, with MLA Greg Clark in the Calgary-Elbow riding. The Progressive Conservative Party had the most to lose, losing 13 of the seats it previously held.
Federal politics On October 19, 2015, Calgary elected its first two Liberal federal MPs since 1968, Darshan Kang for Calgary Skyview and Kent Hehr for Calgary Centre. The remaining MPs are members of the Conservative Party of Canada (CPC). Before 2015, the Liberals had only elected three MPs from Calgary ridings in their entire history-- Manley Edwards (1940–1945),Harry Hays (1963–1965) and Pat Mahoney (1968–1972).
 The federal riding of Calgary Heritage was held by former Prime Minister and CPC leader Stephen Harper. That seat was also held by Preston Manning, the leader of the Reform Party of Canada; it was known as Calgary Southwest at the time. Harper is the second Prime Minister to represent a Calgary riding; the first was R. B. Bennett from Calgary West, who held that position from 1930 to 1935. Joe Clark, former Prime Minister and former leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (also a predecessor of the CPC), held the riding of Calgary Centre during his second stint in Parliament from 2000 to 2004.
The Green Party of Canada has also made inroads in Calgary, exemplified by results of the 2011 federal election where they achieved 7.7% of the vote across the city, ranging from 4.7% in Calgary Northeast to 13.1% in Calgary Centre-North. Crime Main article: Calgary Police Service The Calgary census metropolitan area (CMA) had a crime severity index of 60.4 in 2013, which is lower than the national average of 68.
7. A slight majority of the other CMAs in Canada had crime severity indexes greater than Calgary's 60.4. Calgary had the sixth-most homicides in 2013 at 24. Military Main article: Military in Calgary The presence of the Canadian military has been part of the local economy and culture since the early years of the 20th century, beginning with the assignment of a squadron of Strathcona's Horse.
After many failed attempts to create the city's own unit, the 103rd Regiment (Calgary Rifles) was finally authorized on April 1, 1910. Canadian Forces Base (CFB) Calgary was established as Currie Barracks and Harvie Barracks following the Second World War. The base remained the most significant Department of National Defence (DND) institution in the city until it was decommissioned in 1998, when most of the units moved to CFB Edmonton.
Despite this closure there is still a number of Canadian Forces Reserve units, and cadet units garrisoned throughout the city. They include HMCS Tecumseh Naval Reserve unit, The King's Own Calgary Regiment, The Calgary Highlanders, both headquartered at the Mewata Armouries, 746 Communication Squadron, 41 Canadian Brigade Group, headquartered at the former location of CFB Calgary, 14 (Calgary) Service Battalion, 15 (Edmonton) Field Ambulance Detachment Calgary, 14 (Edmonton) Military Police Platoon Calgary, 41 Combat Engineer Regiment detachment Calgary (33 Engineer Squadron), along with a small cadre of Regular Force support.
Several units have been granted Freedom of the City. The Calgary Soldiers' Memorial commemorates those who died during wartime or while serving overseas. Along with those from units currently stationed in Calgary it represents the 10th Battalion, CEF and the 50th Battalion, CEF of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. Infrastructure Transportation Main articles: Transportation in Calgary and C-Train See also: List of airports in the Calgary area CTrain at City Hall Station in downtown Calgary International Airport (YYC), in the city's northeast, is a transportation hub for much of central and western Canada.
In 2013 it was the third busiest in Canada by passenger movement, and third busiest by aircraft movements, is a major cargo hub, and is a staging point for people destined for Banff National Park.Non-stop destinations include cities throughout Canada, the United States, Europe, Central America, and Asia. Calgary/Springbank Airport, Canada's eleventh busiest, serves as a reliever for the Calgary International taking the general aviation traffic and is also a base for aerial firefighting aircraft.
Calgary's presence on the Trans-Canada Highway and the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) mainline (which includes the CPR Alyth Yard) also make it an important hub for freight. The Rocky Mountaineer and Royal Canadian Pacific operates railtour service to Calgary; Via Rail no longer provides intercity rail service to Calgary since the company discontinued the Super Continental via Edmonton in 1990 and then rerouted The Canadian from Calgary to serve Edmonton.
Much of Calgary's street network is on a grid where roads are numbered with avenues running east–west and streets running north–south. Until 1904 the streets were named; after that date, all streets were given numbers radiating outwards from the city centre. Roads in predominantly residential areas as well as freeways and expressways do not generally conform to the grid and are usually not numbered as a result.
However, it is a developer and city convention in Calgary that non-numbered streets within a new community have the same name prefix as the community itself so that streets can more easily be located within the city. The Peace Bridge across the Bow River in downtown Calgary Transit provides public transportation services throughout the city with buses and light rail. Calgary's light rail system, known as the C-Train, was one of the first such systems in North America (behind Edmonton LRT).
It consists of four lines (two routes) and 44 stations on 58.2 km (36.2 mi) of track. The Calgary LRT is one of the continent's busiest carrying 270,000 passengers per weekday and approximately half of Calgary downtown workers take the transit to work. The C-Train is also North America's first and only LRT to run on 100% renewable energy. As an alternative to the over 260 km (160 mi) of shared bikeways on streets, the city has a network of multi-use (bicycle, walking, rollerblading, etc.
) paths spanning over 635 km (395 mi). The Peace Bridge provides pedestrians and cyclists, access to the downtown core from the north side of the Bow river. The bridge ranked among the top 10 architectural projects in 2012 and among the top 10 public spaces of 2012. A section of Calgary's +15 system passing over 7 Avenue SW, connecting to the Calgary Courts Centre. In the 1960s, Calgary started to develop a series of pedestrian bridges, connecting many downtown buildings.
 To connect many of the downtown office buildings, the city also boasts the world's most extensive skyway network (elevated indoor pedestrian bridges), officially called the +15. The name derives from the fact that the bridges are usually 15 ft (4.6 m) above grade. Health care Medical centres and hospitals Alberta Children's Hospital Main article: Health care in Calgary Calgary has four major adult acute care hospitals and one major pediatric acute care site: the Alberta Children's Hospital, the Foothills Medical Centre, the Peter Lougheed Centre, the Rockyview General Hospital and the South Health Campus.
They are all overseen by the Calgary Zone of the Alberta Health Services, formerly the Calgary Health Region. Calgary is also home to the Tom Baker Cancer Centre (located at the Foothills Medical Centre), the Grace Women's Health Centre, which provides a variety of care, and the Libin Cardiovascular Institute. In addition, the Sheldon M. Chumir Centre (a large 24-hour assessment clinic), and the Richmond Road Diagnostic and Treatment Centre (RRDTC), as well as hundreds of smaller medical and dental clinics operate in Calgary.
The Faculty of Medicine of the University of Calgary also operates in partnership with Alberta Health Services, by researching cancer, cardiovascular, diabetes, joint injury, arthritis and genetics. The Alberta children's hospital, built in 2006, replaced the old Children's Hospital. The four largest Calgary hospitals have a combined total of more than 2,100 beds, and employ over 11,500 people.
 Education Primary and secondary SAIT's Heritage Hall on main campus In the 2011–2012 school year, 100,632 K-12 students enrolled in 221 schools in the English language public school system run by the Calgary Board of Education. With other students enrolled in the associated CBe-learn and Chinook Learning Service programs, the school system's total enrolment is 104,182 students. Another 43,000 attend about 95 schools in the separate English language Calgary Catholic School District board.
 The much smaller Francophone community has their own French language school boards (public and Catholic), which are both based in Calgary, but serve a larger regional district. There are also several public charter schools in the city. Calgary has a number of unique schools, including the country's first high school exclusively designed for Olympic-calibre athletes, the National Sport School.
 Calgary is also home to many private schools including Mountain View Academy, Rundle College, Rundle Academy, Clear Water Academy, Calgary French and International School, Chinook Winds Adventist Academy, Webber Academy, Delta West Academy, Masters Academy, Calgary Islamic School, Menno Simons Christian School, West Island College, Edge School, Calgary Christian School, Heritage Christian Academy, Bearspaw Christian School.
Calgary is also home to what was Western Canada's largest public high school, Lord Beaverbrook High School, with 2,241 students enrolled in the 2005–2006 school year. Currently the student population of Lord Beaverbrook is 1,812 students (September 2012) and several other schools are equally as large; Western Canada High School with 2,035 students (2009) and Sir Winston Churchill High School with 1,983 students (2009).
Post-secondary The publicly funded University of Calgary (U of C) is Calgary's largest degree-granting facility with an enrolment of 28,464 students in 2011. Mount Royal University, with 13,000 students, grants degrees in a number of fields. SAIT Polytechnic, with over 14,000 students, provides polytechnic and apprentice education, granting certificates, diplomas and applied degrees. Athabasca University provides distance education programs.
Other publicly funded post-secondary institutions based in Calgary include the Alberta College of Art and Design, Ambrose University College (associated with the Christian and Missionary Alliance and the Church of the Nazarene), Bow Valley College, Mount Royal University, SAIT Polytechnic, St. Mary's University and the U of C. The publicly funded Athabasca University, Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT), and the University of Lethbridge also have campuses in Calgary.
 Several independent private institutions are located in the city. This includes Reeves College, MaKami College, Robertson College, Columbia College, and CDI College. DeVry Institute of Technology announced the closure of its Calgary campus operations on June 30, 2013. Media Main article: Media in Calgary Calgary's daily newspapers include the Calgary Herald, Calgary Sun and Metro News.
Calgary is the sixth largest television market in Canada. Broadcasts stations serving Calgary include CICT 2 (Global), CFCN 4 (CTV), CKAL 5 (City), CBRT 9 (CBC), CKCS 32 (YesTV), and CJCO 38 (Omni). Network affiliate programming from the United States originates from Spokane, Washington. There are a wide range of radio stations, including a station for First Nations and the Asian Canadian community.
Notable people Main article: List of people from Calgary Sister cities The City of Calgary maintains trade development programs, cultural and educational partnerships in twinning agreements with six cities: City Province/State Country Date Quebec City Quebec Canada 1956 Jaipur Rajasthan India 1973 Naucalpan Mexico State Mexico 1994 Daqing Heilongjiang China 1985 Daejeon Chungnam South Korea 1996 Phoenix Arizona US 1997 Calgary is one of nine Canadian cities, out of the total of 98 cities internationally, that is in the New York City Global Partners, Inc.
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^ "Two new Liberal MPs in Calgary are the first carrying the red banner in cowtown since 1968". National Post. Retrieved October 26, 2015. ^ "Election Night Results - Major Centres". enr.elections.ca. Retrieved October 26, 2015. ^ "PARLINFO – Parliamentarian File – Federal Experience – EDWARDS, Manley Justin, LL.B". parl.gc.ca. Archived from the original on December 20, 2013. ^ "PARLINFO – Parliamentarian File – Complete File – HAYS, The Hon.
Harry William, P.C". parl.gc.ca. ^ "PARLINFO – Parliamentarian File – Complete File – MAHONEY, The Hon. Patrick Morgan, P.C., Q.C., B.A., LL.B". parl.gc.ca. ^ Event results from Elections Canada ^ a b c Jillian Boyce, Adam Cotter and Samuel Perreault (July 23, 2014). "Police-reported crime statistics in Canada, 2013" (PDF). Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics. pp. 13 & 30.
Retrieved May 3, 2015. ^ "Air Carrier Traffic at Canadian Airports: Table 1-1 – Passengers enplaned and deplaned on selected services – Top 50 airports". statcan.gc.ca. ^ a b "Aircraft movement Statistics: NAV CANADA Towers and Flight Service Stations: Annual Report (TP 577): Table 2-1 – Total aircraft movements by class of operation – NAV CANADA towers". statcan.gc.ca. ^ "Getting to Banff".
Town of Banff. Archived from the original on March 31, 2010. Retrieved September 22, 2011. ^ "The Odd History of Calgary's City Streets". SmartCalgaryHomes.com. Retrieved June 23, 2009. ^ "Eco-conscious commuting (page 2) – Canadian Geographic". canadiangeographic.ca. ^ "designboom 2012 top ten: public spaces". designboom – architecture & design magazine. ^ "Calgary's +15 Skywalk". City of Calgary.
2013. Archived from the original on December 25, 2014. Retrieved November 28, 2013. The first +15 bridge was installed on January 21, 1970, connecting Calgary Place to the Calgary Inn (now the Westin Hotel). By 1984, Calgary's +15 Skywalk consisted of 38 bridges, 8 km (5 mi) of walkways and numerous public spaces. Today there are more than 62 bridges and 18 km (11 mi) of walkways. ^ The City of Calgary (February 2007).
"Plus 15". Archived from the original on August 21, 2007. Retrieved September 25, 2007. ^ Faculty of Medicine of the University of Calgary (2011). "Faculty of Medicine Quick Facts". Archived from the original on June 22, 2014. Retrieved January 26, 2007. ^ Calgary Economic Development (2006). "Calgary Hospitals". Archived from the original on February 8, 2009. Retrieved March 13, 2007. ^ a b "Quick Facts".
Calgary Board of Education. January 11, 2012. Archived from the original on January 31, 2012. Retrieved March 10, 2012. ^ Calgary Catholic District School Board. "Calgary Schools". Archived from the original on January 11, 2006. Retrieved January 7, 2006. ^ "National Sport School". nationalsportschool.ca. ^ Calgary Board of Education (2007). "Lord Beaverbrook High School". Archived from the original on April 17, 2007.
Retrieved May 10, 2007. ^ University of Calgary (2011–2012). "U of C fact book—page 8" (PDF). Retrieved November 19, 2012. ^ a b "Publicly Funded Institutions". Alberta Enterprise and Advanced Education. Retrieved November 21, 2012. ^ "UA Locations". Athabasca University. Retrieved November 21, 2012. ^ "NAIT Calgary". Northern Alberta Institute of Technology. Retrieved December 3, 2012. ^ "Faculty of Management Edmonton Campus".
University of Lethbridge. Retrieved November 21, 2012. ^ "Devry Calgary Campus closure". Retrieved May 2, 2013. ^ "Television Bureau of Canada: TV Basics 2014–2015" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 10, 2015. ^ Calgary Economic Development. "Sister Cities". Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved January 6, 2007. ^ City of Calgary. "Welcome to Calgary". Archived from the original on June 1, 2008.
Retrieved July 4, 2009. ^ "Phoenix Sister Cities". Phoenix Sister Cities. Archived from the original on July 24, 2013. Retrieved August 6, 2013. ^ "NYC's Partner Cities". Government of New York City. Archived from the original on February 1, 2013. Retrieved March 14, 2013. ^ "New York City Global Partners". Government of New York City. Retrieved March 14, 2013. Further reading Janz, Darrel (2001).
Calgary – Heart of the New West. Memphis, Tennessee: Towery Pub. ISBN 1-881096-93-9. Kozub, Mark; Kozub, Janice (2001). A Calgary Album: Glimpses of the Way We Were. Dundurn Press. ISBN 0-88882-224-3. Retrieved April 6, 2011. Martin, James (2002). Calgary – The Unknown City (revised ed.). Arsenal Pulp Press. ISBN 1-55152-111-3. Retrieved April 6, 2011. McMorran, Jennifer; Brodeur, François (1999).
Calgary. Éditions Ulysse. ISBN 2-89464-171-0. Retrieved April 6, 2011. External links Find more aboutCalgaryat Wikipedia's sister projects Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity Official website Places adjacent to Calgary Cochrane Airdrie Rocky View County CanmoreKananaskis Country Calgary ChestermereCheadleLangdon Tsuu T'ina Nation 145Bragg Creek OkotoksHigh River Municipal District of Foothills No.
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Title: Calgary Arts Development Jobs