B 17 Nose Art in the graphic previously mentioned is part in the B 17 Nose Art classification on The Art Evangelist articles. Download this impression for free in High definition resolution the choice by appropriate clicking "save image as" to the
Aircraft Pinups and Decorations By Stephen Sherman, Aug. 2002. Updated Sept. 26, 2012. Aircrews in World War II decorated their planes with pictures of pinups and pretty girls, typically modeled after the "cheesecake" art of Gil Elvgren, Alberto Vargo, and George Petty. It was (and still is) an interesting practice. Some see a deep, psychological impulse - attaching a talisman, a good-luck charm, to the aircraft as a way of warding off evil, death, and bullets.
I don't know. Maybe the young guys just liked looking at pictures of pin-ups. Different services and units had different policies about aircraft usage and decoration. Marine and Navy aircraft were generally shared by different pilots, with consequently less personalized decoration. Army Air Force airplanes were assigned to individual pilots (or in the case of bombers, to particular air crews). Thus, some of the most lavish and imaginative nose art adorned USAAF planes.
B-24s on Okinawa The first set of photographs were provided by Bill Cline. They were taken in World War Two, by his father, Frank Cline. Frank enlisted in the Marine corps as a private in 1942. In around 1952 he was selected as a LDO (Limited Duty Officer), and retired from HQMC (Headquarters Marine Corps) in 1974 as a Lt. Col. the Avionics Officer after 32 years of service. He survived WWII, Korea and Vietnam, but didn't survive walking pneumonia in 1984.
The squadron patches sewn on his flight jacket included: VMF-222, VMF-223, VMF-(AW)513, VMF-542 In 1945, the Marines were on Okinawa, on the Morotai Peninsula. Army Air Force B-24s were located nearby. Presumably these photos are of those B-24s. Many from the 22nd Bomb Group, "The Red Raiders." Here is a sample of this set: Liberty Belle II See the rest of Frank Cline's B-24 nose art pictures B-17 Nose Art The second set, mostly B-17s of the 8AF, was supplied by another email correspondent in mid 2005.
Detailed notes on these pictures (name, serial number, Bomb Group & Squadron, notes) in this Word document. Here is a sample of this set: Mojo See the rest of Eighth Air Force B-17 nose art pictures Those traveling in Indiana can see a restored B-17G, decorated as "Liberty Belle," at Grissom Air Base in Peru, Indiana. B-24 Nose Art The third set, sixteen pictures, mostly B-24s, were provided by Pam Powers, taken by her father, Richard F.
Powers, Pacific theatre WW2, gunner/photographer, 50 missions for US Army Air Corps. Here is a sample of this set: Barbara Jean See the rest of Powers' B-24 nose art photos. B-26 Nose Art The fourth set, a few B-26 bombers, was provided by the niece of John Netherland, an engineer who worked on the roads and runways in Germany and France. Here is a sample of this set: Red Light Rose See the rest of B-26 nose art, by John Netherland My thanks to Bill Cline, Pam Powers, and other contributors for making these photos available.
If you have any original, unpublished pictures of WWII nose art or decoration that you would like posted, please email them to me.
Various Vital Art Concepts have developed thorough various eras, with all the changing artists' perceptions of processing, examining, and responding to varied art forms. Their innovative expressions have already been explored by their development, functionality, and participation in arts. Every single historic period has provided novel contribution of historic and cultural contexts for establishing the true secret Arts Fundamentals with the appropriate time period. Visible Arts support artists assimilate the real key Arts Concepts of Symmetry, Coloration, Pattern, Contrast and the dissimilarities amongst one or even more factors while in the composition. The true secret Art Principles of Visible Arts assist recognize and distinguish concerning the size including, Symmetry & Asymmetry, Positive & Negative Space, Light & Dark, Solid & Transparent, and Large & Small.See Also: Abington Art Center Classes
Art plays a vibrant role within the personal life of the individual as well as inside the social and economic development in the nation. The study of Visible arts encourages personal development and the awareness of both our cultural heritage as well as role of artwork in the society. The learner acquires personal knowledge, skills and competencies through activities in Visual arts. When one studies Visible arts, he/she would come to appreciate or have an understanding of that artwork is an integral part of everyday life.
Not to be confused with nose job, nose-jewels, or nose piercing. 'Honey Bunny', a Lockheed P-38 Lightning Virgin Atlantic A340-600 G-VGAS nose art Nose art is a decorative painting or design on the fuselage of an aircraft, usually on the front fuselage. While begun for practical reasons of identifying friendly units, the practice evolved to express the individuality often constrained by the uniformity of the military, to evoke memories of home and peacetime life, and as a kind of psychological protection against the stresses of war and the probability of death.
The appeal, in part, came from nose art not being officially approved, even when the regulations against it were not enforced. Because of its individual and unofficial nature, it is considered folk art, inseparable from work as well as representative of a group. It can also be compared to sophisticated graffiti. In both cases, the artist is often anonymous, and the art itself is ephemeral.
In addition, it relies on materials immediately available. Nose art is largely a military tradition, but civilian airliners operated by the Virgin Group feature "Virgin Girls" on the nose as part of their livery. In a broad sense, the tail art of several airlines such as the Eskimo of Alaska Airlines, can be called "nose art", as are the tail markings of present-day U.S. Navy squadrons. There were exceptions, including the VIII Bomber Command, 301st Bomb Group B-17F "Whizzer", which had its girl-riding-a-bomb on the dorsal fin.
 History Count Francesco Baracca and his SPAD S.VII, with the cavallino rampante that inspired the Ferrari emblem Eddie Rickenbacker with SPAD XIII (note the "Hat in the Ring" 94th Aero Squadron insignia), France, 1918 Spad XIII pursuit aircraft of the 95th Aero Squadron with the "Kicking Mule" insignia, France, 1918 Placing personalized decorations on fighting aircraft began with Italian and German pilots.
The first recorded piece of nose art was a sea monster painted on an Italian flying boat in 1913. This was followed by the popular practice of painting a mouth beneath the propeller's spinner, begun by German pilots in World War I. The cavallino rampante (prancing horse) of the Italian ace Francesco Baracca was another well-known image. Nose art of that era was often conceived and produced not by the pilots, but rather by the aircraft ground crews.
Other World War I examples included the "Hat in the Ring" of the American 94th Aero Squadron (attributed to Lt. Johnny Wentworth) and the "Kicking Mule" of the 95th Aero Squadron. This followed the official policy, established by the American Expeditionary Forces' (AEF) Chief of the Air Service, Brigadier General Benjamin Foulois, on 6 May 1918, requiring the creation of distinct, readily identifiable squadron insignia.
 What is perhaps the most famous of all nose art, the shark-face insignia made famous by the First American Volunteer Group (AVG, the Flying Tigers), first appeared in World War I on a British Sopwith Dolphin and a German Roland C.II, though often with an effect more comical than menacing. Three decades later, the British pilots spotted it on German planes during World War II. The AVG in China decided to paint shark mouths on their P-40Bs after seeing a color photo in a newspaper of a shark mouth painted on a No.
112 Squadron RAF P-40 fighter in North Africa. The British version itself was inspired by "sharkmouth" nose art (without any eyes) on the Bf 110 heavy fighters of ZG 76. Hell's Angels, the 3rd Squadron of the 1st American Volunteer Group "Flying Tigers", 28 May 1942 While World War I nose art was usually embellished or extravagant squadron insignia, true nose art appeared during World War II, which is considered by many observers to be the golden age of the genre, with both Axis and Allied pilots taking part.
At the height of the war, nose-artists were in very high demand in the USAAF and were paid quite well for their services while AAF commanders tolerated nose art in an effort to boost aircrew morale. The U.S. Navy, by contrast, prohibited nose art, the most extravagant being limited to a few simply-lettered names, while nose art was uncommon in the RAF or RCAF. The work was done by professional civilian artists as well as talented amateur servicemen.
In 1941, for instance, the 39th Pursuit Squadron commissioned a Bell Aircraft artist to design and paint the "Cobra in the Clouds" logo on their aircraft. Perhaps the most enduring nose art of World War II was the shark-face motif, which first appeared on the Bf-110s of Luftwaffe 76th Destroyer Wing over Crete, where the twin-engined Messerschmitts outmatched the Gloster Gladiator biplanes of RAF 112 Squadron.
The Commonwealth pilots were withdrawn to Egypt and refitted with Curtiss Tomahawks off the same assembly line building fighter aircraft for the AVG Flying Tigers being recruited for service in China. In November 1941, AVG pilots saw a 112 Squadron Tomahawk in an illustrated weekly and immediately adopted the shark-face motif for their own planes. This work was done by the pilots and ground crew in the field.
 However, the insignia for the "Flying Tigers" - a winged Bengal Tiger jumping through a stylized V for Victory symbol - was developed by graphic artists from the Walt Disney Company. A-10 Thunderbolt II with shark mouth themed nose art, Kandahar Airfield, Afghanistan, 2011 Similarly, when in 1943 the 39th Fighter Squadron became the first American squadron in their theatre with 100 kills, they adopted the shark-face for their P-38 Lightnings.
 The shark-face is still used to this day, most commonly seen on the A-10 Thunderbolt II (with its gaping maw leading up to the muzzle of the aircraft's GAU-8 Avenger 30mm cannon), especially those of the 23d Fighter Group, the AVG's descendent unit, and a testament to its popularity as a form of nose art. The "Dragon and His Tail" nose art on a B-24 Liberator, Moffett Field, 2004 - from 2005-on, Witchcraft (s/n 44-44052) The largest known work of nose art ever depicted on a WW II-era American combat aircraft was on a B-24J Liberator, tail number 44-40973, which had been named "The Dragon and his Tail" of the USAAF Fifth Air Force 64th Bomb Squadron, 43d Bomb Group, in the Southwest Pacific, flown by a crew led by Joseph Pagoni, with Staff Sergeant Sarkis Bartigan as the artist.
The dragon artwork ran from the nose just forward of the cockpit, down the entire length of the fuselage's sides, with the dragon's body depicted directly below and just aft of the cockpit, with the dragon holding a nude woman in its forefeet. Sgt. J.S. Wilson painting a bomber based at Eniwetok in June 1944 Tony Starcer was the resident artist for the 91st Bomb Group (Heavy), one of the initial six groups fielded by the Eighth Air Force.
Starcer painted over a hundred pieces of renowned B-17 nose art, including "Memphis Belle". A commercial artist named Brinkman, from Chicago, was responsible for the zodiac-themed nose art of the B-24 Liberator-equipped 834th Bomb Squadron, based at RAF Sudbury, England. Contemporary research demonstrates that bomber crews, which suffered high casualty rates during World War II, often developed strong bonds with the planes they were flying, and affectionately decorated them with nose art.
 It was also believed by the flight crews that the nose art was bringing luck to the planes. The artistic work of Alberto Vargas's pin-up girls from Esquire Magazine were often duplicated, or adapted, by air force crews and painted on the nose of American and allied aircraft during World War II. Boeing KC-135E Stratotanker, based with Sioux City Air National Guard, 2007. Some World War II era nose art was commemorative or intended to honor certain people such as the B-29 Superfortress, "The Ernie Pyle".
 In the Korean War, nose art was popular with units operating A-26 and B-29 bombers, C-119 Flying Boxcar transports, as well as USAF fighter-bombers. Due to changes in military policies and changing attitudes toward the representation of women, the amount of nose art declined after the Korean War. During the Vietnam War, AC-130 gunships of the U.S Air Force Special Operations Squadrons were often given names with accompanying nose art - for example, "Thor", "Azrael - Angel of Death", "Ghost Rider", "War Lord" and "The Arbitrator.
"  The unofficial gunship badge of a flying skeleton with a Minigun was also applied to many aircraft until the end of the war, and was later adopted officially. Nose art underwent a revival during the Gulf War and has become more common since Operation Enduring Freedom and the Iraq War began. Many crews are merging artwork as part of camouflage patterns. The United States Air Force had unofficially sanctioned the return of the pin-up (albeit fully clothed) with the Strategic Air Command permitting nose art on its bomber force in the Command's last years.
The continuation of historic names such as "Memphis Belle" was encouraged. Regional variation Source material for American nose art was varied, ranging from pinups such as Rita Hayworth and Betty Grable and cartoon characters such as Donald Duck, Bugs Bunny, and Popeye to patriotic characters (Yankee Doodle) and fictional heroes (Sam Spade). Lucky symbols such as dice and playing cards also inspired nose art, along with references to mortality such as the Grim Reaper.
 Cartoons and pinups were most popular among American artists, but other works included animals, nicknames, hometowns, and popular song and movie titles. Some nose art and slogans imposed contempt to the enemy, especially to enemy leaders. The farther the planes and crew were from headquarters or from the public eye, the racier the art tended to be. For instance, nudity was more common in nose art on aircraft in the Pacific than on aircraft in Europe.
 "Sharkmouth" Bf 110C of ZG 76, May 1940 Luftwaffe aircraft did not often display nose art, but there were exceptions. For example, Mickey Mouse adorned a Condor Legion Bf-109 during the Spanish Civil War and one Ju-87A was decorated with a large pig inside a white circle during the same period. Adolf Galland's Bf-109E-3 of JG 26 also had a depiction of Mickey Mouse, holding a contemporary telephone in his hands, in mid-1941.
A Ju-87B-1 (Geschwaderkennung of S2+AC) of Stab II/St. G 77, piloted by Major Alfons Orthofer and based in Breslau-Schöngarten (today Copernicus Airport Wrocław) during the invasion of Poland, was painted with a shark's mouth, and some Bf-110s were decorated with furious wolf's heads, stylistic wasps (as with SKG 210 and ZG 1), or as in the case of ZG 76, the very shark mouths that inspired both the RAF's 112 Squadron and in turn the Flying Tigers in China, on their noses or engine covers.
Another example was Erich Hartmann's Bf-109G-14, "Lumpi", with an eagle's head. The fighter wing Jagdgeschwader 54 was known as the Grünherz (Green Hearts) after their fuselage emblem, a large green heart. The Geschwader was originally formed in Thüringen, nicknamed "the green heart of Germany". Perhaps the flashiest Luftwaffe nose art was the red and white viper snake insignia running through the whole fuselage of certain Ju 87 Stukas that served with the II Gruppe, and especially the 6.
Staffel of StG 2 in North Africa, the only known artwork on an Axis-flown combat aircraft that could have rivaled the length of that on "The Dragon and his Tail" B-24. front portside view entire portside ground view. The Soviet Air Force also decorated their planes with historical images, mythical beasts, and patriotic slogans. The attitude of the Finnish Air Force to the nose art varied by unit. Some units disallowed nose art, while others tolerated it.
Generally the Finnish airforce nose art was humorous or satirical, such as the "horned Stalin" on Maj. Maunula's Curtiss P-36. The Japan Air Self-Defense Force has decorated fighter aircraft with Valkyrie-themed characters under the names Mystic Eagle and Shooting Eagle. Beginning in 2011, the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force has AH-1S Cobra anti-tank helicopters and Kawasaki OH-1 observation helicopter named Ita-Cobra and Ita-Omega respectively, decorated in the theme of 4 Kisarazu (木更津) sisters (Akane (木更津茜), Aoi (木更津葵), Wakana (木更津若菜), Yuzu (木更津柚子)).
 The Aoi-chan first appeared in 2011, followed by the other three sisters in 2012. Canadian Forces were reported having nose art on CH-47D Chinook and CH-146 Griffon helicopters in Afghanistan. Famous examples Adolf Galland was famous for painting Mickey Mouse on his aircraft, and the mascot was adopted by his Gruppe during the early airwar phase of World War II. Werner Mölders flew a yellow-nosed Bf-109F2 while with JG 51 during June 1941.
Other fighter aces and their nose art have become synonymous. Don Gentile's P-51C named "Shangri-La", with an eagle sporting boxing gloves. John D. Landers' P-51D, which sported a distinctive black-and-white checkerboard with red trim. Chuck Yeager's series of aircraft named "Glamorous Glennis", with bright letter art. Ian Gleed's Spitfires featured Figaro the Cat, from the 1940 Disney animated movie Pinocchio.
Pierre Clostermann's Hawker Tempest Le Grand Charles featured the Cross of Lorraine. Johnny Johnson's Spitfire IX featured the Canadian maple leaf. Erich Hartmann's Bf 109s featured a distinctive "black tulip" design on the very front of the cowling, immediately behind the spinner. James MacLachlan, who flew with an artificial arm, had his Hawker Hurricane adorned with a picture of his amputated arm giving a V sign Brendan Finucane's Spitfires wore a shamrock with a "B" within it.
Ireland's top ace in World War Two who also was the youngest wing commander in Royal Air Force history. The markings of aces were often adopted by their squadrons, such as Galland's Mickey Mouse and Hartmann's black tulip (still in use until recently on the aircraft of JG 71 "Richthofen" - not known to be in use on the unit's new Eurofighter Typhoons). Ted W. Lawson, who (along with journalist Bob Considine) famously wrote about the 1942 Doolittle Raid in Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo, piloted a B-25 Mitchell bomber nicknamed The Ruptured Duck, after a minor training accident in which the aircraft tail scraped the ground during takeoff; this was decorated by a caricature of an angry Donald Duck figure with crutches and wearing a pilot's headphones.
Similar art Designs similar to aviation nose art could be found during World War II on some British torpedo boats, and German and US submarines. Royal Navy Motor Torpedo Boats decorated with shark mouths, June 1944 A captured German Biber midget submarine with a shark-mouth design USS Torsk, a World War II submarine, now one of the Historic Ships in Baltimore Bans The British MoD banned the use of pin-up women in nose art on Royal Air Force aircraft in 2007, as commanders decided the images (many containing naked women), were inappropriate and potentially offensive to female personnel, although there were no documented complaints.
 In 1993 the United States Air Force Air Mobility Command ordered that all nose art should be gender-neutral. Gallery Aircraft Nose Art Nose art caricaturing the crew of the Superfortress "Waddy's Wagon", circa 1944 B24 bomber depicting a "Bonnie" pin-up, circa 1945 P-40 fighter planes at an advanced U.S. base in China, circa 1943 Bf 110 in Technikmuseum in Berlin with WW II era nose art Pima Air & Space Museum, Tucson, Arizona, 22 February 2011 Naval Air Station, Sigonella, Italy, 12 October 2001 Naval Air Station, Sigonella, Italy, 20 October 2001 Castle Air Museum, Atwater, California, 5 September 2010 EA-6B Prowler, 2 August 2008 March Air Force Base, California, 16 June 1988 Pima Air & Space Museum, Tucson, Arizona, 22 February 2011 Tür Allgäu Airport, 2008 Reabertura Museum of Art, 29 June 2012 Seymour Johnson Air Force Base, North Carolina, 4 April 1990 Pease Air Force Base, New Hampshire, 18 December 1989 Fantasy of Flight in Polk City, FL.
, 15 October 2010 National Museum of the USAF, 23 January 2008 Bockscar at NMUSAF, 27 December 2006 Nose art on the B-29 "Butterfly Baby", circa 1947 B-24 Liberator "Mabel's Labels" in Airplane Graveyard, Kingman, Arizona Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland, 7 March 2013 Boeing 747-443 landing in Amsterdam, 7 April 2011 Songshan Air Force Base, Taipei, 13 August 2011 Sukhoi Su-15, Khodynka, Moscow, Russia, 11 August 2012 China Doll nose art, 25 August 2010 Fantasy of Flight's B-17 painted as "Piccadilly Princess", 16 April 2011 Boeing B17 The Pink Lady, 23 May 2010 Northrop P-61 Black Widow, 1944 Grumman F7F Tigercat "La Patrona", Reno Air Races, 17 September 2011 Bell AH-1 Cobra Gunship Attack Helicopter, Aviation Hall of Fame and Museum of New Jersey, 6 April 2012 AC-130H Hercules, Hurlburt Field, Florida A-10 Thunderbolt II, 5 January 1987 Douglas B-26C "Invader", 13 March 2007 A-26C Invader, National Museum of the United States Air Force, Dayton, Ohio, 14 July 2006 B-29 Superfortress "Hawg Wild" nose art, 11 August 2012 Nose art on a B-17 Flying Fortress KC-135 Stratotanker, Gulf War, 26 May 1992 "Fay" B-29 Superfortress, lost on March 25, 1945 Yorkshire Air Museum, Elvington, 3 July 2011 Me 163 nose-art.
Luftwaffenmuseum, Berlin-Gatow, Germany, 12 Aug 2005 Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, 18 November 2001 Pima Air & Space Museum, Tucson, Arizona, 22 February 2011 Nose art on the B-25J Take-off Time, 6 June 2015 B-24 nose art at the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force B-29 Ernie Pyle nose art "Miss Patricia"- Photo taken September 1943 20th Air Force Boeing B-29 with nose art "Ponderous Peg" (World War Two) Screenshot from a Universal Newsreel taken at "Airplane Graveyard Kingman, Arizona" showing "Hell's Belles" World War Two aircraft.
See also Aircraft livery References ^ a b c d e "Military Aircraft Nose Art". Retrieved 30 December 2014. ^ Ethell, Jeffrey L. The History of Aircraft Nose Art: World War I to Today. Osceola, Wisconsin: Motorbooks International, 1991, p. 14. ^ Bowers, Peter M. Fortress In The Sky, Granada Hills, California: Sentry Books, 1976. ISBN 0-913194-04-2, p. 219. ^ a b "Air Force Historical Research Agency - Home".
Retrieved 30 December 2014. ^ Ward, Richard. Sharkmouth, 1916-1945. New York: Arco, 1979. ^ a b Eisel, Braxton. The Flying Tigers: Chennault's American Volunteer Group in China. Washington, D.C.: Air Force History and Museums Program, 2009. ^ Rossi, Dick (1980s). "A Flying Tigers Story". The Flying Tigers - American Volunteer Group - Chinese Air Force. ^ a b "Military Flying, CHOCKIE 39th History".
Retrieved 30 December 2014. ^ Ford, Daniel. Flying Tigers: Claire Chennault and His American Volunteers, 1941-1942. Washington, DC: Harper Collins-Smithsonian Books, 2007, pp. 82-83. ^ "From the 64th Squadron Briefing Room". Retrieved 30 December 2014. ^ "From the 64th Squadron Briefing Room". Retrieved 30 December 2014. ^ "Tony Starcer - Nose Artist - 91st BG". Retrieved 30 December 2014. ^ Mark Bowden.
"USAAF Nose Art Research Project - Named planes of the USAAF during WWII". Retrieved 30 December 2014. ^ Valant, Gary M. Classic Vintage Nose Art. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Lowe and B. Hould, 1997, pp. 13-15. ^ Pfau, Ann Elizabeth. Miss Yourlovin: GIs, Gender and Domesticity During World War II. New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, 2008. Available at Gutenberg-e, a program of the American Historical Association and Columbia University Press:  ^ Polmar, Norman, and Thomas B.
Allen. World War II: The Encyclopedia of the War Years, 1941-1945. New York: Random House, 1996, p. 595. ^ Superfort "Ernie Pyle", Gift of Plane Plane Workers, Here En Route to Japan PDF ^ Thompson, Warren E. Heavy Hauler. Wings of Fame, The Journal of Classic Combat Aircraft, Volume 20. London, United Kingdom: Aerospace Publishing Ltd., 2000, p. 107. ^ Olausson, Lars. Lockheed Hercules Production List - 1954-2011 - 27th ed.
Såtenäs, Sweden, April 2009. (Self-published.) ^ Cohan, Phil. "Risque Business." Air and Space, 5 (Apr.-May 1990), p.65. ^ Ketley, Barry. Luftwaffe emblems. Manchester: Flight Recorder Publications, 2012. ^ "NOSEART-WORKS". Retrieved 30 December 2014. ^ "The Four Sisters of the Fourth Anti-Tank Helicopter Squad are Celebrated One Last Time!". ^ "The Japanese Military Is Getting Offensively Cute".
^ "Japan's Armed Forces Show Their Playful Side: Moé-Style Attack Helicopter Wows Crowds". ^ "Canadian chopper crews revive nose-art tradition in Afghanistan ~ ASIAN DEFENCE". Retrieved 30 December 2014. ^ PC brigade ban pin-ups on RAF jets - in case they offend women and Muslims Mail Online, Jun 26 2013. ^ Military Airplanes Get New Gender-neutral Look, Steve Fide, Dezeret news, July 20, 1993. Further reading Bloomfield, Gary L.
, Stacie L. Shain, & Arlen C. Davidson. Duty, honor, applause : America's entertainers in World War II. Guilford, Conn.: Lyon's Press, 2004. ISBN 1-59228-550-3. (Pages 400-405 discuss pin-up girl and nose art.) Campbell, John M. & Campbell, Donna. War paint : fighter nose art from WWII & Korea. Osceola, WI: Motorbooks International, 1990. Chinnery, Philip. 50 years of the desert boneyard : Davis Monthan A.
F.B., Arizona. Osceola, Wisconsin: Motorbooks, International, 1995. Cohan, Phil. "Risque Business." Air and Space 5 (Apr.-May 1990):62-71. Davis, Larry. Planes, Names and Dames: 1940-1945. Vol. 1. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1990. Davis, Larry. Planes, Names and Dames: 1946-1960. Vol. 2. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1990. Davis, Larry. Planes, Names and Dames: 1955-1975.
Vol. 3. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1990. Dorr, Robert F. Fighting Colors: Glory Days of U.S. Aircraft Markings. Osceola, Wisconsin: Motorbooks International, 1990. Ethell, Jeffrey L. The History of Aircraft Nose Art: World War I to Today. Osceola, Wisconsin: Motorbooks International, 1991. Ford, Daniel. Flying Tigers: Claire Chennault and His American Volunteers, 1941-1942. Washington, DC: HarperCollins-Smithsonian Books, 2007.
ISBN 0-06-124655-7. Fugere, Jerry. Desert Storm B-52 Nose Art. Tucson, AZ: J. Fugere, 1999. Ketley, Barry. Luftwaffe emblems. Manchester: Flight Recorder Publications, 2012. Logan, Ian. Classy Chassy. New York: W. W. Visual Library, 1977. March, Peter R. Desert Warpaint. London: Osprey Aerospace, 1992. McDowell, Ernest R. The P-40 Kittyhawk at War. New York: Arco Publishing, 1968. O'Leary, Michael D.
"Disney Goes to War!" Air Classics 32, no. 5 (1996): 40-42, 45-51. Schellinger, Andretta F. "From Knights to Skulls: The Cultural Evolution of Nose Artwork". The Dalles, OR: Schellinger Research Publishing, 2013. ISBN 978-1493606375. Tullis, Thomas A. Tigers over China : camouflage, markings, and squadron insignia of the American Volunteer Group's aircraft in China, 1941-42. Hamilton, MT: Eagle Editions, 2001.
Valant, Gary M. Classic Vintage Nose Art. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Lowe and B. Hould (an imprint of Borders, Inc.), 1997. ISBN 0-681-22744-3. Velasco, Gary. Fighting Colors: The Creation of Military Aircraft Nose Art. Turner Publishing, 2004. Walker, Randy. Painted Ladies. West Chester, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Publishing, 1992. Walker, Randy. More painted ladies : modern military aircraft nose-art & unusual markings.
Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Publishing, 1994. Ward, Richard. Sharkmouth, 1916-1945. New York: Arco, 1979. External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aircraft nose art. Don Allen's Art USAAF Nose Art Research Project Nose art history and replica panels Nose art gallery Nose art of World War II airplanes. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nose_art&oldid=816302367"
Title: B 17 Nose Art