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Translate: Living in Columbia Doing Business in Columbia City Government Visitors Sports & Schedules Parks & Recreation Bus Routes & Schedules 911 Police & Fire Dispatch Things to Do in Columbia Golf & Tee Times Park Directory Aquatics/Swimming ARC (Activity & Recreation Center) Leisure Times Program Guide Trail Directory Jobs / Employment Opportunities Human Resources Police Department Public Health & Human Services Maps & City Service Areas Utility Account Access & Consumption History
Different Crucial Art Concepts have developed thorough different eras, using the changing artists' perceptions of processing, examining, and responding to numerous artwork sorts. Their inventive expressions have been explored by their creation, effectiveness, and participation in arts. Just about every historic period has given novel contribution of historical and cultural contexts for creating the main element Arts Fundamentals on the applicable period. Visual Arts assistance artists assimilate the crucial element Arts Principles of Symmetry, Coloration, Sample, Contrast as well as the dissimilarities among 1 or more components from the composition. The crucial element Art Concepts of Visual Arts assistance understand and distinguish amongst the dimensions for example, Symmetry & Asymmetry, Positive & Negative Space, Light & Dark, Solid & Transparent, and Large & Small.See Also: Alliance Of Arts And Culture
Art plays a vibrant role inside the personal life in the individual as well as in the social and economic development of your nation. The study of Visible arts encourages personal development along with the awareness of both our cultural heritage and the role of art inside the society. The learner acquires personal knowledge, skills and competencies through activities in Visual arts. When one studies Visual arts, he/she would come to appreciate or realize that artwork is an integral part of everyday life.
Columbia City City of Columbia Jesse Hall and the columns on Francis Quadrangle at the University of Missouri Flag Seal Nickname(s): "Athens of Missouri", or CoMo Location in Boone County and the state of Missouri Coordinates: 38°57′5″N 92°19′42″W / 38.95139°N 92.32833°WCoordinates: 38°57′5″N 92°19′42″W / 38.95139°N 92.32833°W Country United States State Missouri County Boone Settled 1818 Founded 1821 Incorporated 1826 Government • Type Council-Manager • Mayor Brian Treece • City manager Mike Matthes Area • City 63.
5 sq mi (164 km2) • Land 63.08 sq mi (163.4 km2) • Water .42 sq mi (1.1 km2) Elevation 758 ft (231 m) Population (2010) • City 108,500 • Estimate (2016) 120,612 • Rank US: 245th MO: 4th • Density 1,700/sq mi (660/km2) • Urban 124,748 (US: 255th) • Metro 176,594 (US: 237th) Demonym(s) Columbians Time zone CST (UTC-6) • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5) ZIP Codes 65201, 65202, 65203, 65211 Area code(s) 573 FIPS code 29-15670 GNIS feature ID 0716133 Website www.
como.gov  Columbia /kəˈlʌmbiə/ is a city in Missouri and the county seat of Boone County. Founded in 1821, it is home to the University of Missouri and is the principal city of the Columbia metropolitan area. It is Missouri's fourth most-populous city, with an estimated 120,612 residents in 2016. As a Midwestern college town, the city has a reputation for progressive politics, persuasive journalism, and public art.
 The tripartite establishment of Stephens College (1833), the University of Missouri (1839), and Columbia College (1851), which surround the city's central business district to the east, south, and north, has made Columbia a center of learning. At the center of Downtown is 8th Street, also known as the Avenue of the Columns, which connects Francis Quadrangle and Jesse Hall to the Boone County Courthouse and the City Hall.
Originally an agricultural town, the cultivation of the mind is Columbia's chief economic concern today. Never a major center of manufacturing, the city also depends on healthcare, insurance, and technology businesses. Companies such as Shelter Insurance, Carfax, and Slackers CDs and Games, were founded in the city. Cultural institutions include the State Historical Society of Missouri, the Museum of Art and Archaeology, and the annual True/False Film Festival.
The Missouri Tigers, the state's only major college athletic program, play football at Faurot Field and basketball at Mizzou Arena as members of the Southeastern Conference. The city rests upon the forested hills and rolling prairies of Mid-Missouri, near the Missouri River valley, where the Ozark Mountains begin to transform into plains and savanna. Limestone forms bluffs and glades while rain dissolves the bedrock, creating caves and springs which water the Hinkson, Roche Perche, and Bonne Femme creeks.
Surrounding the city, Rock Bridge Memorial State Park, Mark Twain National Forest, and Big Muddy National Fish and Wildlife Refuge form a greenbelt preserving sensitive and rare environments. The first humans, who entered the area at least twelve thousand years ago, were nomadic hunters. Later, woodland tribes lived in villages along waterways and built mounds in high places. The Osage and Missouria nations were expelled by the exploration of French traders and the rapid settlement of American pioneers.
The latter arrived by the Boone's Lick Trail and hailed from the slave-owning culture of the Upland South, especially Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee, giving Boonslick the name "Little Dixie" during the American Civil War. German, Irish, and other European immigrants soon joined. The modern populace is unusually diverse, over eight percent foreign-born. While White and Black remain the largest ethnicities, people of Asian descent are now the third-largest group.
The city has been called the "Athens of Missouri" for its classic beauty and educational emphasis, but is more commonly called "CoMo". History Main article: History of Columbia, Missouri An aerial depiction of Columbia's downtown district in 1869. The large building on the right is University of Missouri Academic Hall. The Columbia area was once part of the Mississippian culture and home to the Mound Builders.
When European explorers arrived, the area was populated by the Osage and Missouri Indians. In 1678, La Salle claimed all of Missouri for France. The Lewis and Clark Expedition passed by the area on the Missouri River in early June 1804. In 1806, two sons of Daniel Boone established a salt lick 40 miles (64 km) northwest of Columbia. giving the area its early name: Boonslick. The Boone's Lick Trail wound from St.
Charles to the lick in present-day Howard County. In 1818, a group of settlers, incorporated under the Smithton Land Company, purchased over 2,000 acres (8.1 km2) and established the village of Smithton less than a mile from current day downtown Columbia. In 1821, the settlers moved because of lack of water across the Flat Branch to the plateau between the Flat Branch and Hinkson creeks in what is now the downtown district.
They renamed the settlement Columbia—a poetic personification of the United States. The roots of Columbia's three economic foundations—education, medicine, and insurance—can be traced back to incorporation in 1821. Original plans for the town set aside land for a state university. In 1833, Columbia Baptist Female College opened, which later became Stephens College. Columbia College, distinct from today's and later to become the University of Missouri, was founded in 1839.
When the state legislature decided to establish a state university, Columbia raised three times as much money as any competing city and James S. Rollins donated the land that is today the Francis Quadrangle. Soon other educational institutions were founded in Columbia such as Christian Female College, the first college for women west of the Mississippi, which later became Columbia College.
The city benefited from being a stagecoach stop of the Santa Fe and Oregon trails, and later from the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad. In 1822, William Jewell set up the first hospital. In 1830, the first newspaper began; in 1832, the first theater in the state was opened; and in 1835, the state's first agricultural fair was held. By 1839, the population of 13,000 and wealth of Boone County was exceeded in Missouri only by that of St.
Louis County, which, at that time, included the City of St. Louis. Columbia's infrastructure was relatively untouched by the Civil War. Missouri, as a slave state, had Southern sympathies, but remained in the Union. The majority of the city was pro-Union; however, the surrounding agricultural areas of Boone County and the rest of central Missouri were decidedly pro-Confederate. Because of this, the University of Missouri became a base from which Union troops operated.
No battles were fought within the city because the presence of Union troops dissuaded Confederate guerrillas from attacking, though several major battles occurred at nearby Boonville and Centralia. After the Civil War, race relations in Columbia followed the Southern pattern; George Burke, a black man, was lynched in 1889. In 1963, Columbia become home to the headquarters of both the University of Missouri System and the Columbia College system.
 The insurance industry also became important to the local economy as several companies established headquarters in Columbia, including Shelter Insurance, Missouri Employers Mutual, and Columbia Insurance Group. State Farm Insurance has a regional office in Columbia. In addition, the now-defunct Silvey Insurance was a large local employer. Columbia became a transportation crossroads when U.S. Route 63 and U.
S. Route 40 (which became present-day Interstate 70) were routed through the city. Soon after, the city opened the Columbia Regional Airport. By 2000, the city's population was nearly 85,000. Totality as seen from Columbia. In 2017, Columbia was in the path of totality for the Solar eclipse of August 21, 2017. The city was expecting upwards of 400,000 tourists coming to the city to view the eclipse.
 Geography Columbia, in northern mid-Missouri, is 120 miles (190 km) away from both St. Louis and Kansas City, and 29 miles (47 km) north of the state capital of Jefferson City. The city is near the Missouri River, between the Ozark Plateau and the Northern Plains. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 63.5 square miles (164.46 km2) of which 63.
08 square miles (163.38 km2) is land and 0.42 square miles (1.09 km2) is water. Topography The city generally slopes from the highest point in the Northeast to the lowest point in the Southwest towards the Missouri River. Prominent tributaries of the river are Perche Creek, Hinkson Creek, and Flat Branch Creek. Along these and other creeks in the area can be found large valleys, cliffs, and cave systems such as that in Rock Bridge State Park just south of the city.
These creeks are largely responsible for numerous stream valleys giving Columbia hilly terrain similar to the Ozarks while also having prairie flatland typical of northern Missouri. Columbia also operates several greenbelts with trails and parks throughout town. Animal life Large mammals found in the city include urbanized coyotes, red foxes, and numerous whitetail deer.Eastern gray squirrel, and other rodents are abundant, as well as cottontail rabbits and the nocturnal opossum and raccoon.
 Large bird species are abundant in parks and include the Canada goose, mallard duck, as well as shorebirds, including the great egret and great blue heron. Turkeys are also common in wooded areas and can occasionally be seen on the MKT recreation trail. Populations of bald eagles are found by the Missouri River. The city is on the Mississippi Flyway, used by migrating birds, and has a large variety of small bird species, common to the eastern U.
S. The Eurasian tree sparrow, an introduced species, is limited in North America to the counties surrounding St. Louis. Columbia has large areas of forested and open land and many of these areas are home to wildlife. Climate Columbia has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa) marked by sharp seasonal contrasts in temperature, and is in USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 6a. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 29.
7 °F (−1.3 °C) in January to 77.3 °F (25.2 °C) in July, while the high reaches or exceeds 90 °F (32 °C) on an average of 32 days per year, 100 °F (38 °C) on two days, while four nights of sub-0 °F (−18 °C) lows can be expected. Precipitation tends to be greatest and most frequent in the latter half of spring, when severe weather is also most common. Snow averages 18.0 inches (46 cm) per season, mostly from December to March, with occasional November accumulation and falls in April being rarer; historically seasonal snow accumulation has ranged from 3.
4 in (8.6 cm) in 2005–06 to 54.9 in (139 cm) in 1977–78. Extreme temperatures have ranged from −26 °F (−32 °C) on February 12, 1899 to 113 °F (45 °C) on July 12 and 14, 1954. Readings of −10 °F (−23 °C) or 105 °F (41 °C) are uncommon, the last occurrences being January 7, 2014 and July 31, 2012. Climate data for Columbia Regional Airport, Missouri (1981–2010 normals,[a] extremes 1889–present)[b] Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °F (°C) 77 (25) 82 (28) 92 (33) 93 (34) 101 (38) 107 (42) 113 (45) 110 (43) 104 (40) 96 (36) 84 (29) 76 (24) 113 (45) Mean maximum °F (°C) 61.
9 (16.6) 69.0 (20.6) 79.0 (26.1) 84.8 (29.3) 86.9 (30.5) 92.3 (33.5) 96.9 (36.1) 98.4 (36.9) 91.5 (33.1) 84.1 (28.9) 74.4 (23.6) 63.8 (17.7) 99.5 (37.5) Average high °F (°C) 38.5 (3.6) 43.9 (6.6) 55.2 (12.9) 66.1 (18.9) 74.5 (23.6) 83.0 (28.3) 87.6 (30.9) 87.0 (30.6) 78.8 (26) 67.1 (19.5) 53.9 (12.2) 41.1 (5.1) 64.8 (18.2) Average low °F (°C) 20.9 (−6.2) 24.9 (−3.9) 34.0 (1.1) 44.0 (6.7) 53.
5 (11.9) 62.8 (17.1) 67.0 (19.4) 65.4 (18.6) 56.4 (13.6) 45.0 (7.2) 34.9 (1.6) 23.7 (−4.6) 44.5 (6.9) Mean minimum °F (°C) 0.3 (−17.6) 3.9 (−15.6) 15.6 (−9.1) 28.3 (−2.1) 39.8 (4.3) 50.8 (10.4) 57.1 (13.9) 54.9 (12.7) 39.8 (4.3) 29.4 (−1.4) 17.9 (−7.8) 3.5 (−15.8) −6.3 (−21.3) Record low °F (°C) −20 (−29) −26 (−32) −9 (−23) 14 (−10) 28 (−2) 40 (4) 45 (7) 40 (4) 26 (−3) 19 (−7) −3 (−19) −23 (−31) −26 (−32) Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.
92 (48.8) 2.25 (57.2) 2.91 (73.9) 4.49 (114) 4.98 (126.5) 4.47 (113.5) 4.37 (111) 4.36 (110.7) 3.87 (98.3) 3.31 (84.1) 3.25 (82.6) 2.44 (62) 42.62 (1,082.5) Average snowfall inches (cm) 6.1 (15.5) 4.7 (11.9) 1.7 (4.3) 0.2 (0.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.9 (2.3) 4.4 (11.2) 18.0 (45.7) Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.7 8.0 10.6 10.8 12.5 9.7 8.8 8.6 8.1 9.5 9.7 8.4 112.4 Average snowy days (≥ 0.
1 in) 3.6 3.3 1.3 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.0 2.5 11.9 Average relative humidity (%) 71.2 71.5 67.3 63.9 70.9 71.3 69.5 70.8 71.7 69.4 71.8 74.0 70.3 Mean monthly sunshine hours 161.5 154.3 193.5 226.9 264.1 294.1 313.4 288.5 229.1 210.7 150.6 140.3 2,627 Percent possible sunshine 53 51 52 57 60 66 69 68 61 61 50 48 59 Source: NOAA (relative humidity 1969–1990, sun 1961–1990) Cityscape Downtown Columbia Columbia's most commonly recognizable architectural attributes reside downtown and within the university campuses.
Widely used icons of the city are the University of Missouri's Jesse Hall and the neo-gothic Memorial Union. The David R. Francis Quadrangle is an example of Thomas Jefferson's academic village concept. There are four historic districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places within the city: Downtown Columbia, the East Campus Neighborhood, Francis Quadrangle, and the North Ninth Street Historic District.
 The downtown skyline is relatively low and is dominated by the 10-story Tiger Hotel, that was built in 1928, and the 15-story Paquin Tower. Downtown Columbia is an area of approximately one square mile surrounded by the University of Missouri on the south, Stephens College to the east and Columbia College on the north. The area serves as Columbia's financial and business district. Downtown apartment and mixed-use development next to the Missouri United Methodist Church in June 2017 Recent years have seen a large number of high-rise apartment complexes built in downtown Columbia.
Many of these buildings also offer mixed-use business and retail space on the lower levels. These developments have not been without criticism, with some expressing concern the buildings hurt the historic feel of the area, or that the city does not yet have the infrastructure to support them.  The city's historic residential core lies in a ring around downtown, extending especially to the west along Broadway, and south into the East Campus Neighborhood.
The city government recognizes 63 neighborhood associations. The city's most dense commercial areas are primarily along Interstate 70, U.S. Route 63, Stadium Boulevard, Grindstone Parkway, and Downtown. Demographics Historical population Year Pop. ±% 1823 130 — 1830 600 +361.5% 1840 750 +25.0% 1850 651 −13.2% 1860 1,414 +117.2% 1870 2,236 +58.1% 1880 3,326 +48.7% 1890 4,000 +20.3% 1900 5,651 +41.
3% 1910 9,662 +71.0% 1920 10,392 +7.6% 1930 14,967 +44.0% 1940 18,399 +22.9% 1950 31,974 +73.8% 1960 36,650 +14.6% 1970 58,521 +59.7% 1980 62,061 +6.0% 1990 69,101 +11.3% 2000 84,531 +22.3% 2010 108,500 +28.4% 2016 120,612 +11.2% For the year 1850, slaves and free minorites were not counted. U.S. Decennial Census 2015 Estimate Source: U.S. Decennial Census 2010 census As of the census of 2010, there were 108,500 people, 43,065 households, and 21,418 families residing in the city.
 The population density was 1,720.0 inhabitants per square mile (664.1/km2). There were 46,758 housing units at an average density of 741.2 per square mile (286.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 79.0% White, 11.3% African American, 0.3% Native American, 5.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.4% of the population.
There were 43,065 households of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.6% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 50.3% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.
32 and the average family size was 2.94. In the city the population was spread out with 18.8% of residents under the age of 18; 27.3% between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.7% from 25 to 44; 18.6% from 45 to 64; and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age in the city was 26.8 years. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female. 2000 census As of the census of 2000, there were 84,531 people, 33,689 households, and 17,282 families residing in the city.
 The population density was 1,592.8 people per square mile (615.0/km²). There were 35,916 housing units at an average density of 676.8 per square mile (261.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.54% White, 10.85% Black or African American, 0.39% Native American, 4.30% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.81% from other races, and 2.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.
05% of the population. There were 33,689 households out of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.2% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 48.7% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.
26 and the average family size was 2.92. In the city, the population was spread out with 19.7% under the age of 18, 26.7% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 16.2% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $33,729, and the median income for a family was $52,288.
Males had a median income of $34,710 versus $26,694 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,507. About 9.4% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over. Economy Columbia's economy is historically dominated by education, healthcare, and the insurance industry. Jobs in government are also common, either in Columbia or a half-hour south in Jefferson City.
 Commutes into the city are also common and, in 2000, the city had a day time population of 106,487—a 26% increase over the census population of the same year. The Columbia Regional Airport and the Missouri River Port of Rocheport connect the region with trade and transportation. The economy of Columbia's metro area is slightly larger than the Bahamas. With a Gross Metropolitan Product of $5.
84 billion in 2004, Columbia's economy makes up 2.9% of the Gross State Product of Missouri. Insurance corporations headquartered in Columbia include Shelter Insurance, and the Columbia Insurance Group. Other organizations include MFA Incorporated, the Missouri State High School Activities Association, and MFA Oil. Companies such as Socket, Datastorm Technologies, Inc. (no longer existent), Slackers CDs and Games, Carfax, and MBS Textbook Exchange were founded in Columbia.
Top employers According to Columbia's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: # Employer # of Employees 1 University of Missouri 8,608 2 University of Missouri Health Care 4,468 3 Columbia Public Schools 2,117 4 Boone Hospital Center 1,655 5 City of Columbia 1,332 6 Harry S. Truman Memorial Veterans' Hospital 1,278 7 MBS Textbook Exchange 1,239 8 Shelter Insurance 1,078 9 State Farm 1,063 10 Joe Machens 630 Culture The Blue Note, a rock and pop venue downtown.
The Missouri Theatre Center for the Arts and Jesse Auditorium are Columbia's largest fine arts venues. Ragtag Cinema annually hosts the True/False Film Festival. In 2008, filmmaker Todd Sklar completed Box Elder, which was filmed entirely in and around Columbia and the University of Missouri. The University of Missouri's Museum of Art and Archaeology displays 14,000 works of art and archaeological objects in five galleries for no charge to the public.
 Libraries include the Columbia Public Library, the University of Missouri Libraries, with over three million volumes in Ellis Library, and the State Historical Society of Missouri. One of the last remaining traditional arcades in the country, Gunther's Games, is a popular destination for gamers. Music The "We Always Swing" Jazz Series and the Roots N Blues N BBQ Festival is held in Columbia.
"9th Street Summerfest" (Now hosted in Stephens Lake Park) closes part of that street several nights each summer to hold outdoor performances and has featured Willie Nelson (2009),Snoop Dogg (2010),The Flaming Lips (2010),Weird Al Yankovic (2013), and others. The "University Concert Series" regularly includes musicians and dancers from various genres, typically in Jesse Hall. Other musical venues in town include the Missouri Theatre, the University's multipurpose Hearnes Center, The Blue Note, and Rose Music Hall.
Shelter Gardens, a park on the campus of Shelter Insurance headquarters, also hosts outdoor performances during the summer. Sports The University of Missouri's sports teams, the Missouri Tigers, play a significant role in the city's sports culture. Faurot Field at Memorial Stadium, which has a capacity of 71,168, hosts home football games. The Hearnes Center and Mizzou Arena are two other large sport and event venues, the latter being the home arena for Mizzou's basketball team.
Taylor Stadium is host to their baseball team and was the regional host for the 2007 NCAA Baseball Championship.Columbia College has several men and women collegiate sports teams as well. In 2007, Columbia hosted the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics Volleyball National Championship, which the Lady Cougars participated in. Columbia also hosts the Show-Me State Games, a non-profit program of the Missouri Governor's Council on Physical Fitness and Health.
They are the largest state games in the United States. Situated midway between St. Louis and Kansas City, Columbians will often have allegiances to the professional sports teams housed there, such as the St. Louis Cardinals, the Kansas City Royals, the Kansas City Chiefs, the St. Louis Blues and Sporting Kansas City. Media The Columbia Missourian headquarters The city has two daily newspapers: the Columbia Missourian and the Columbia Daily Tribune, both morning deliveries.
The Missourian is directed by professional editors and staffed by Missouri School of Journalism students who do reporting, design, copy editing, information graphics, photography and multimedia. The Missourian publishes the weekly city magazine, Vox. With a daily circulation of nearly 20,000, the Daily Tribune is the most widely read newspaper in central Missouri. The University of Missouri has the independent but official student newspaper called The Maneater, which is printed bi-weekly.
The now-defunct Prysms Weekly was also published in Columbia. In Fall 2009, KCOU News launched full operations out of KCOU 88.1 FM on the MU Campus. The entirely student-run news organization airs a daily newscast, "The Pulse", weekdays from 4:30 to 5:30 p.m. The city has 14 radio stations and 4 television channels. Columbia’s Public Access channel, Columbia Access Television, is commonly referred to by its acronym, CAT, or CAT-TV.
The Education Access channel in Columbia, CPSTV, is managed by Columbia Public Schools as a function of the Columbia Public Schools Community Relations Department. The city's Government Access channel broadcast City Council, Planning and Zoning Commission and Board of Adjustment meetings v t e Radio stations in the Columbia-Jefferson City, Missouri market By FM frequency 88.1 88.1 88.9 89.5 89.
9 90.5 91.3 92.1 92.7 93.1 93.9 94.3 94.7 95.7 96.7 97.1 97.5 97.7 98.3 98.7 99.3 100.1 100.5 101.1 101.5 101.9 102.3 104.1 104.7 104.9 105.5 106.1 106.5 106.9 By AM frequency 900 950 1240 1340 1370 1400 1580 NOAA Weather Radio frequency 162.400 162.425 By callsign K234CC K246CA K266CA K285FC K293AX KATI KBBM KBIA KBXR KCLR-FM KCMQ KCOU KFAL KFRU KHJR KLIK KLOZ KJLU KJMO KMCV KMFC KMUC KOPN KOTC-LP KOQL KPLA KPOW-FM KRES KSSZ KTGR KTGR-FM KTXY KWJK KWOS KWRT KWWR KXEO KZJF KZWV KZZT KWN55 WXL45 Missouri radio markets Hannibal/Quincy Kansas City Springfield St.
Louis See also List of radio stations in Missouri v t e Television stations in Central Missouri, including Columbia and Jefferson City Local stations KMOS (6.1 PBS, 6.2 Create, 6.3 MHz Worldview, 6.4 PBS Kids) KOMU (8.1 NBC, 8.3 CW+) KRCG (13.1 CBS, 13.2 Comet TV, 13.3 Charge!, 13.4 TBD) KMIZ (17.1 ABC, 17.2 MeTV, 17.3 MyNetworkTV, 17.4 Fox) KQFX-LD (22.1 Fox) KNLJ (25.1 CTN / FN) Local cable channel MUTV 23 Defunct K02NQ 2 (Local Weather) KZOU-LP 38 (Fox/MNTV) K41OI/K56AU (TBN) KOMU-DT2 (8.
2 NBC WX+) See also St. Louis Kansas City Quincy Springfield Ottumwa / Kirksville Joplin St. Joseph Cuisine Columbia has many bars and restaurants that provide diverse styles of cuisine, which is in part due to it being a college town with three colleges. One such establishment is the historic Booches bar, restaurant and pool hall, which was established in 1884 and is frequented by college students, as well as others from all walks of life.
 Government and politics The Boone County Courthouse within the Boone County Government Center The City of Columbia's current government was established by a home rule charter adopted by voters on November 11, 1974, which established a Council-manager government that invested power in the City Council. The City Council is made up of seven members – six elected by each of Columbia's six wards, plus an at-large council member, the Mayor, who is elected by all city voters.
The Mayor currently receives a $9,000 annual stipend and the six remaining council members receive a $6,000 annual stipend. They are elected to staggered three-year terms. The Mayor, in addition to being a voting member of the City Council, is recognized as the head of city government for ceremonial purposes. Chief executive authority is invested in a city manager, who oversees the day-to-day operations of government.
 Columbia is the county seat of Boone County, and houses the county court and government center. The city is in Missouri's 4th congressional district. The 19th Missouri State Senate district covers all of Boone County. There are five Missouri House of Representatives districts (9, 21, 23, 24, 25) in the city. The principal law enforcement agency is the Columbia Police Department, with the Columbia Fire Department providing fire protection.
The University of Missouri Police Department patrols areas on and around the MU campus and has jurisdiction throughout the city and Boone County. The Public Service Joint Communications Center coordinates efforts between the two organizations as well as the Boone County Fire Protection District which operates Urban Search and Rescue Missouri Task Force 1. The Daniel Boone Building houses Columbia's City Hall.
The population generally supports progressive causes such as the extensive city recycling programs and the decriminalization of cannabis both for medical and recreational use at the municipal level (though the scope of latter of the two cannabis ordinances has since been restricted). The city is also one of only four in the state to offer medical benefits to same-sex partners of city employees.
 The new health plan also extends health benefits to unmarried heterosexual domestic partners of city employees. On October 10, 2006, the City Council approved an ordinance to prohibit smoking in public places, including restaurants and bars. The ordinance was passed with protest, and several amendments to the ordinance reflect this. Over half of citizens possess at least a bachelor's degree, while over a quarter hold a graduate degree, making Columbia the thirteenth most highly educated municipality in the United States.
 Education Columbia and much of the surrounding area lies within the Columbia Public School District. The district enrolls over 17,000 students and had a revenue of nearly $200 million for the 2007–2008 school year. It is above the state average in both attendance percentage and graduation rate. The city operates four public high schools which cover grades 9–12: David H. Hickman High School, Rock Bridge High School, Muriel Battle High School, and Frederick Douglass High School.
Rock Bridge is one of two Missouri high schools to receive a silver medal by U.S. News & World Report, putting it in the top 3% of all high schools in the nation. Hickman has been on Newsweek magazine's list of top 1,300 schools in the country for the past three years and has more named presidential scholars than any other public high school in the United States. There are also several private high schools including Christian Fellowship School, Columbia Independent School, Heritage Academy, Christian Chapel Academy, and Father Augustine Tolton Regional Catholic High School.
 The city has three institutions of higher education: the University of Missouri, Stephens College, and Columbia College, all of which surround Downtown Columbia. The city is the headquarters of the University of Missouri System, which also operates campuses in St. Louis, Kansas City, and Rolla. Moberly Area Community College, Central Methodist University, and William Woods University also operate satellite campuses in Columbia.
Infrastructure Transportation The Columbia Transit provides public bus and para-transit service, and is owned and operated by the city. In 2008, 1,414,400 passengers boarded along the system's six fixed routes and nine University of Missouri shuttle routes, and 27,000 boarded the Para-transit service. The system is constantly experiencing growth in service and technology. A $3.5 million project to renovate and expand the Wabash Station, a rail depot built in 1910 and converted into the city's transit center in the mid-1980s, was completed in summer of 2007.
 In 2007, a Transit Master Plan was created to address the future transit needs of the city and county with a comprehensive plan to add infrastructure in three key phases. The five to 15-year plan intends to add service along the southwest, southeast and northeast sections of Columbia and develop alternative transportation models for Boone County. Columbia is also known for its MKT Trail, a spur of the Katy Trail State Park, which allows foot and bike traffic across the city, and, conceivably, the state.
It consists of a soft gravel surface for running and biking. Columbia also is preparing to embark on construction of several new bike paths and street bike lanes thanks to a $25 million grant from the federal government. The city is also served by American Airlines and United Airlines at the Columbia Regional Airport, the only commercial airport in mid-Missouri. I-70 (concurrent with US 40) and US 63 are the two main freeways used for travel to and from Columbia.
Within the city, there are also three state highways: Routes 763 (Rangeline St & College Ave), 163 (Providence Rd), and 740 (Stadium Blvd). Rail service is provided by the city-owned Columbia Terminal (COLT) Railroad, which runs from the north side of Columbia to Centralia and a connection to the Norfolk Southern Railway. Health systems The University of Missouri Hospital is the largest hospital in Columbia.
Health care is a big part of Columbia's economy, with nearly one in six people working in a health-care related profession and a physician density that is about three times the United States average. Columbia's hospitals and supporting facilities are a large referral center for the state, and medical related trips to the city are common. There are three hospital systems within the city and five hospitals with a total of 1,105 beds.
 Boone Hospital Center is the second largest hospital in Columbia and is the largest private hospital in Boone County. The University of Missouri Health Care operates three hospitals in Columbia: the University of Missouri Hospital, the University of Missouri Women's and Children's Hospital (formerly Columbia Regional Hospital), and the Ellis Fischel Cancer Center. Boone Hospital Center is administered by BJC Healthcare and operates several clinics as well as outpatient locations.
The Harry S. Truman Memorial Veterans' Hospital, next to University Hospital, is administered by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. There are also a large number of medical-related industries in Columbia. The University of Missouri School of Medicine uses university-owned facilities as teaching hospitals. The University of Missouri Research Reactor Center is the largest research reactor in the United States and produces radioisotopes used in nuclear medicine.
 The center serves as the sole supplier of the active ingredients in two U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved radiopharmaceuticals and produces Fluorine-18 used in PET imaging with its cyclotron. Sister cities In accordance with the Columbia Sister Cities Program, which operates in conjunction with Sister Cities International, Columbia has been paired with five international sister cities in an attempt to foster cross-cultural understanding: Kutaisi, Georgia Matto, Japan Sibiu, Romania Suncheon, South Korea Laoshan District, Qingdao, China See also List of people from Columbia, Missouri History of the University of Missouri National Register of Historic Places listings in Boone County, Missouri Notes ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.
e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. ^ Official records for Columbia kept at downtown from August 1889 to December 1947, Columbia Municipal Airport from January 1948 to October 1969 and at Columbia Regional Airport since November 1969. References ^ Switzler, William (1882). History of Boone County, Missouri.
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Retrieved January 1, 2008. External links Find more aboutColumbia, Missouriat Wikipedia's sister projects Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity Official city government website Columbia Convention & Visitors Bureau Columbia Chamber of Commerce Historic maps of Columbia in the Sanborn Maps of Missouri Collection at the University of Missouri https://web.
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Charles St. Joseph Salem Savannah Sedalia Shelbyville Springfield Ste. Genevieve Steelville Stockton Trenton Troy Tuscumbia Union Unionville Van Buren Versailles Vienna Warrensburg Warrenton Warsaw Waynesville West Plains v t e Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in Missouri State capital: Carrie Tergin (Jefferson City) Sly James (Kansas City) Lyda Krewson (St. Louis) Bob Stephens (Springfield) Brian Treece (Columbia) Eileen Weir (Independence) v t e Municipalities and communities of Boone County, Missouri, United States County seat: Columbia Cities Ashland Centralia‡ Columbia Hallsville Rocheport Sturgeon Villages Harrisburg Hartsburg Huntsdale McBaine Pierpont Townships Bourbon Cedar Centralia Columbia Katy Missouri Perche Rock Bridge Rocky Fork Three Creeks Unincorporated communities Bourbon Claysville Deer Park Easley Englewood Ginlet Harg Hinton Midway Oldham Prathersville Providence Riggs Rileysburg Rucker Shaw Two Mile Prairie Wilton Woodlandville Ghost towns Boonesborough Footnotes ‡a small part of Centralia is in Audrain County v t e State of Missouri Jefferson City (capital) Topics Government Delegations Geography Transportation History People Battles Tourist attractions Seal of Missouri Society Culture Crime Demographics Economy Education Politics Regions Boonslick Bootheel Crowley's Ridge Dissected Till Plains Four State Area Henry Shaw Ozark Corridor Honey Lands Lead Belt Lincoln Hills Little Dixie Loess Hills Mid-Missouri Mississippi Embayment Missouri Rhineland Northern Plains Osage Plains Ozark Plateau Platte Purchase Pony Express St.
Francois Mountains Westplex Metro areas Columbia Jefferson City Joplin Kansas City Springfield St. Joseph St. Louis Largest cities Kansas City St. Louis Springfield Columbia Independence Lee's Summit O'Fallon St. Joseph St. Charles St. Peters Blue Springs Joplin Florissant Chesterfield Jefferson City Cape Girardeau Wentzville Wildwood University City Liberty Ballwin Raytown Kirkwood Maryland Heights Gladstone Hazelwood Grandview Counties and independent cities Adair Andrew Atchison Audrain Barry Barton Bates Benton Bollinger Boone Buchanan Butler Caldwell Callaway Camden Cape Girardeau Carroll Carter Cass Cedar Chariton Christian Clark Clay Clinton Cole Cooper Crawford Dade Dallas Daviess DeKalb Dent Douglas Dunklin Franklin Gasconade Gentry Greene Grundy Harrison Henry Hickory Holt Howard Howell Iron Jackson Jasper Jefferson Johnson Knox Laclede Lafayette Lawrence Lewis Lincoln Linn Livingston Macon Madison Maries Marion McDonald Mercer Miller Mississippi Moniteau Monroe Montgomery Morgan New Madrid Newton Nodaway Oregon Osage Ozark Pemiscot Perry Pettis Phelps Pike Platte Polk Pulaski Putnam Ralls Randolph Ray Reynolds Ripley St.
Charles St. Clair St. Francois St. Louis (City) St. Louis (County) Ste. Genevieve Saline Schuyler Scotland Scott Shannon Shelby Stoddard Stone Sullivan Taney Texas Vernon Warren Washington Wayne Webster Worth Wright Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 156567153 LCCN: n79084407 GND: 4085303-2 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Columbia,_Missouri&oldid=826550358"
Title: Art In The Park Columbia Mo