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In Search of Our Mothers’ Gardens, We Find Our Own from: In Search Of Our Mothers’ Gardens, Womanist Prose, 1983 (in English y Español) How to read this page: The Spanish translation, by Cuban poet Manuel Verdecia, will usually appear shortly after the English post. Scroll down to other, earlier entries in English and Spanish. Amanda Navarro is webmaster. January 2018 Somebody Died for Us: Remembering Martin Luther King, Jr.
[embedded content] We are the Ones We have been Waiting For Alice Walker speaking about Martin Luther King, Jr (start time 9:37 to 39:25 end time) Atlanta, Georgia . Lesson: Never Wander Into the MarketplaceAfter a Silent Retreat.Or During. Which Is What I Just Did. Copyright©2018 by Alice Walker Perplexed by signs for “bookstore” and finding none, I wandered once again down the path beside the new community building.
I saw folks going in. I had wondered about the lineup of small Buddhas outside the building. Of course! The bookstore and market! In I went. Not thinking this was not wise to do on day five of a weeklong silent retreat. I found so many lovely things inside! Spring’s book! Larry’s book! Prayer flags! So many lovely things – and of course I chose many! But then I looked in vain for a salesperson.
None appeared! I went here and there! Finally I realized there was – this being the up to date commercial age- no sales person! I saw the instructions for how to pay for my purchases by myself. I found them extremely complicated. My spaciness? Yes, but also, my kind of mind. Not good with gadgets and especially intimidated by financial questions and the tapping of machines to “wake them up” at nine o’clock in the morning! Oh, I tried! And I am glad I made the effort.
At least I was not defeated without some attempt to comprehend the machine. To its credit (no pun) it’s written message said plainly: “I prefer cash and checks.” Forgetting I had cash, though no checks, I endeavored the plastic route. No dice. I was royally frustrated within minutes! I decided to save myself complete meltdown and wrote a note (hopefully) to management: “This is too complicated by far.
Where is the humanity in this? (Envisioning marketplaces in other parts of the world with kids and their grandparents and maybe even a goat or two around.) Or the sales, for that matter?” – I signed, and left all my lovely, would -be purchases on the counter. Came up the hill to meditation in something of a huff. Went straight to the Forgiveness dharma talk by Larry Yang in which he seemed to have watched the entire situation in the bookstore.
Especially my somewhat sour (I bet!) glance at the smiling woman at the entrance of the building. Poor thing! What clue could she have had? Anyway, a teaching about exchanging self for other. In other words, lighten up, not tighten up! And don’t go shopping in the middle of a silent retreat! *** This was all settled beautifully of course. As I was leaving the retreat with a friend she suggested we go inside the bookstore and re-select my would-be purchases.
She was handy handling machines, she said. Her interaction with post- modernity up to date! In fact, they were all still on the counter, just where I left them! I bought two copies of Spring Washam’s amazing book, A Fierce Heart: Finding Strength, Courage, and Wisdom In Any Moment, and two of Larry Yang’s bedrock of a Buddhist book for communities of color: Awakening Together: the Spiritual Practice of Inclusivity and Community.
I got my Tibetan prayer flags, because by now all my old flags are gray and torn, literally shredded by the wind. The book I hadn’t expected to carry me off, that I bought mainly because I love Taoist poetry, is beside me now as I type: The Activist’s Tao Te Ching: Ancient Advice for a Modern Revolution by William Martin. Rarely has a book touched so directly the places this revolutionary and poet needed, these days, to be touched.
Listen to this: Silence Noise confounds our leaders.They don’t know what to do.Scurrying this way, then that,they never find the silent Taowithin.If they could find that silence,the country would transform itself.Simplicity and freedom from desirewould become the natural way,and destructive habits would fall away,replaced by patient compassion for all life. Leaders will never find that silence while serving the current system.
Since dollars have become speech, the noise has overwhelmed all possibility of silence. No one in leadership has ears to hear the quiet among the cacophony of special interests. New systems must be founded on a stillness, a serenity where decisions can be considered from a place of wisdom, not from urgency or expediency. Of course, we can’t form such systems until we find a silent place within ourselves.
-William Martin Shopping while pursuing peace definitely interferes with finding this silent place. -AW Meanwhile: I just finished FIRE AND FURY, Inside the Trump White House, by Michael Wolff. It is deeply troubling and positively deeply important. We might not survive this debacle, but I cheer the writer’s craft, and courage, and willingness to alert humanity. Leer esto, Una Leccion: Nunca Vayas Por El Mercado, en español ### Encouraged by the Miracles of Life ©2018 by Alice Walker for Rebecca, Tenzin and Rachel December 6, 2018 For instance:The wisdom of the mango tree.
Two years ago A hurricaneNamed Patricia-The worst stormever to hit Earthaccording to those keeping recordof relatively recent times-Destroyed two mango treesI planted thirty yearsAgo. With sorrow, we pulled up one stumpBut while preparingTo pull up stump #2We noticed at the very topOf itClinging for dear life,A tiny twig of a branch had startedTo grow. It’s solitary tenacityMoved me. I grieved the huge treeThe Mango used to beWith luscious mangoesHanging downAnd hanging as wellA bright green swingI had placed on a stout branchFor my grandchild.
Last year I noticed the tiny branchLeft out of pity on the otherwiseDead seeming stumpHad begun to grow. This year I see it has grownIncrediblyAnd has shaped itselfInto a tree. From a distance you cannot even tellThis “tree” is growingOut of a stump! Here is the miracle –How did it know To do this? That though only a sprig of a branchAnd a spindly oneAt thatHow did it knowIt was supposed to beA tree! Next year it may wellProduce mangoes! From this experienceMy faith in usReturns.
In just this wayThe way of the tiny mango twigThat knew it was supposedTo be a treeWe will also know -however betrayed, broken, deformed or distortedwe may become, whole parts of us sheared off in a multitudeof human storms – That we are meant to beUpstanding, fully rounded,Goodness producingHuman beings. We will grow ourselves backTo our original formIf even one leaf is left to us;And we will drop our fruitTo nourish the world.
~#~ El Poema, ALENTADA POR LOS MILAGROS DE LA VIDA, en Español December 2017 A Good Prayer For Starting One’s Day In These Times … Humans are amazing. Thank You For Making Us! Whoever or Whatever You are, Of whatever Dimension or Frequency! Thank you for giving us Ourselves to enjoy! For instance, I went last night to my local movie palace in Oaklandia (as Frida Kahlo would call it) and saw the Pixar movie COCO, which revolves around the Mexican custom of celebrating the Day of the Dead.
As usual I knew almost nothing about it beforehand. Someone I admire said she’d heard it was great. Well, “great.” You know. But even so. She is great and I went from there. It is a marvel! Which I won’t give away except to say it warmed my heart once again to see that artists of all kinds are stepping up to their global duty to bring dignity and clarity and compassion and understanding back into the world.
As someone who has loved Mexico from long before I fled Mississippi to be temporarily restored by the soulfulness of Oaxaca almost half a century ago, it has been torture to hear the rude, ignorant things said about Mexico and Mexicans by someone temporarily in office as US president. He clearly understands nothing of the depth and greatness of the Mexican soul. Watching COCO (how it was even made is a mystery!) I was reminded of my own first encounter with Day of the Dead ceremonies in a huge cemetery many miles from the city of Oaxaca.
First of all, I was taken there by a gay Mexican man who explained to me that in his culture (Indigenous rather than Conquistador) there has always been a traditional role for gay men: one of which is to take care of the family altar. Another is to make sure that marigold petals (plentiful and bright orange) reach thickly from doorway to street so the souls returning to check out the altar can find their way home.
Another is to accompany their sisters in society so that no one dares be uncivil to them. Also, a duty to introduce strangers, beautifully, to a ritual unknown to them: the celebration of the Mexican family’s connection to its dead. I think I’ve written about this in my journals, coming soon as GATHERING BLOSSOMS UNDER FIRE, but essentially what happened is I was simply astonished at this humongous celebration of the rich dance between life and death being played out in the middle of the night, in the middle of nowhere, in the middle of a cemetery that seemed as large as a small city.
People eating and drinking, playing every instrument imaginable, playing cards… in fact, partying around their family’s tombstones and tombs. I was enchanted. A state I love! But then, just as I was swooning over all this, I heard the most beautiful singing I’ve heard in my life, and I am from Georgia, where folks have been known to carry a tune! What is that? I wanted to know. And our guide courteously led us through all the lights and revelry to the very back of the cemetery where there stood the ruins of a church, inside of which dozens of people were singing.
Well, yes, I started to weep. But not as much as when I asked: Who are they and why are they singing these mournful and soul stirring songs, and my friend said: They are singing for those to whom no one comes to visit. What can one say? There are people in this world who know what Soul is. The movie COCO shares with us some of this. Soul. In Southern black culture, for centuries, this word had huge significance; today a somewhat related meaning would be empathy.
Which we quickly noted our enslavers lacked. UNA BUENA ORACIÓN PARA EMPEZAR NUESTRO DÍA EN ESTOS TIEMPOS ### I Live Now As If I Will Never See You Again Copyright 2017 by Alice Walker I live now As if I will never see youAgain;I should have been livingThis way all along.Here is a cure for every kindOf impatience& Irritation;Every anticipationOf regret.I love you as I love the fieldsThat I seeFrom my window,Like themYour colors are changing;Some are fading.
They are still, these fieldsBut only from a distance;Up close even the beesAre dancing.Everything moves.One day the slowlyGrowing treesWillRob us of the view.Therefore:Cultivate a senseOf having been bornFor this time.The best “marriage”You can make nowIs between youAnd society. For my dancing friends at Stanford University. Leer AHORA VIVO COMO SI NO FUERA A VERTE NUNCA OTRA VEZ en español November 2017 PRESS ALERT Mandela on historic trip to Palestine this week (26 to 29 November 2017) PRESS ALERT – Mandela on historic trip to Palestine this week (26 to 29 November 2017) 26 November 2017 Nelson Mandela’s grandson, Chief Mandla Mandela MP, is on a historic visit to Palestine.
Mandela, who arrived in Palestine this morning (Sunday 26 November), will hold several meetings with Palestinian leaders including President Mahmoud Abbas. Chief Mandela will also visit the Holy Towns of Bethlehem and Jerusalem, both located in the occupied Palestinian West Bank, as well as the mausoleum of Yasser Arafat in Ramallah. Mandela’s grandfather, Nelson Mandela, was a close friend of Arafat having explained in his famous Ted Koppel interview that: “Our stand is that Arafat is a comrade in arms and we treat him as such” (video source: https://youtu.
be/i5TiUhhm7cQ): [embedded content] Chief Mandela, who is a senior Member of the South African Parliament, is a close ally of the BDS movement and Palestinian struggle against Israeli Apartheid. On Thursday evening in Amman (Jordan), prior to his entry to Palestine, Chief Mandela had a meeting and received a briefing from Palestinian leader, Omar Barghouti, of the Palestinian BDS National Committee.
Following his meeting with Mandela, Barghouti commented that: “Chief Mandla Mandela is exceptionally inspiring, not only for carrying forward Madiba’s legacy of justice and internationalism, but also for seeing solidarity with the struggle for Palestinian liberation as a South African ethical obligation. Palestinians are proud of and deeply grateful for this solidarity from Madiba, Chief Mandla Mandela and from the great people of South Africa.
” During his meeting Barghouti reiterated Palestinian support for the shut down of the SA Embassy in Tel Aviv. To arrange an interview with Chef Mandla Mandela while in Palestine or for further information on his itinerary contact: +27 (0) 74 054 3826 Source: Issued by Kwara Kekana on behalf of BDS South Africa Comunicado de prensa traducido al español It Is Our (Frightful ) Duty To Study The Talmud ©2017 by Alice Walker The first time I was accused Of appearing to be anti-Semitic The shock did not wear off For days.
The man who charged me Was a friend. A Jewish Soul Who I thought understood Or could learn to understand Almost anything. He could not understand However Why I thought Israel should give back The land it took From a poorly defended People in a war that lasted Six days. I cringed About our small house In Mississippi (where black people Often assumed he was a racist) Deeply offended by his attempt To insult my character And spoke to him Earnestly of “dignity” “justice” “honor” and “peace.
” Sometimes, later in life, You do laugh at yourself. You understand, finally, That you’ve understood Nothing. Nothing at all. That in this case, for instance, That of the famed Six Day War, It was all a show, A true “Theatre” war; The battlefield a stage, Though bombs and bullets were real. Only the people who lost the battle Got a close-up Of the set. And the set-up. Later I would march Or be arrested Protesting this war and that And marvel how it never mattered.
On days we marched in our tens of thousands The people we hoped to influence Were taking a holiday. Bush was good at this. He let the media Spread the word he was chillin’ on his 12,000 or is it 20,000 Acre ranch. Bill and Barack made themselves Scarce. When I was in Palestine As an elder Doing my job Of keeping tabs On Earth’s children I remembered my concern And how my friend Had brushed it off.
“Israel needs that land to protect itself.” He said. As though this should be Self- evident. It wasn’t then; It isn’t now. The land taken Has never been returned. In fact, more stolen land Has followed the first assaults And thefts. Palestinian children, after years Of throwing stones At grown up assassins In helmets and armored tanks Are killing themselves These days To save their murderers The trouble.
Unlike most Americans I have witnessed Palestine Under Israeli rule. It is demonic To the core. But where to look For the inspiration For so much evil? Where To find the teachings that influence And sanction such limitless cruel behavior? Where to find that part Of the puzzle that is missing? We’ve intuited there must be one. And we were right. * We must go back As grown ups, now, Not as the gullible children we once were, And study our programming, From the beginning.
All of it: The Christian, the Jewish, The Muslim; even the Buddhist. All of it, without exception, At the root. For the study of Israel, of Gaza, of Palestine, Of the bombed out cities of the Middle East, Of the creeping Palestination Of our police, streets, and prisons In America, Of war in general, It is our duty, I believe, to study The Talmud. It is within this book that, I believe, we will find answers To some of the questions That most perplex us.
Where to start? You will find some information, Slanted, unfortunately, By Googling. For a more in depth study I recommend starting with YouTube. Simply follow the trail of “The Talmud” as its poison belatedly winds its way Into our collective consciousness. Some of what you find will sound Too crazy to be true. Unfortunately those bits are likely To be true. Some of the more evasive studies Will exhibit unbelievable attempts At sugar coating extremely disagreeable pills.
But hang in there, checking And double checking, listening to everybody, Even the teachers with the twisted pasts That scare you the most, And the taped rants of outraged citizens that sound Like madcap characters on Car Talk Except they are not laughing But are righteously outraged. Study hard, with an open If deeply offended mind, Until you can sift the false From the true. Is Jesus boiling eternally in hot excrement, For his “crime” of throwing the bankers Out of the Temple? For loving, standing with, And defending The poor? Was his mother, Mary, A whore? Are Goyim (us) meant to be slaves of Jews, and not only That, but to enjoy it? Are three year old (and a day) girls eligible for marriage and intercourse? Are young boys fair game for rape? Must even the best of the Goyim (us, again) be killed? Pause a moment and think what this could mean Or already has meant In our own lifetime.
You may find that as the cattle We have begun to feel we are We have an ancient history of oppression Of which most of us have not been even vaguely Aware. You will find that we, Goyim, sub-humans, animals -The Palestinians of Gaza The most obvious representatives of us At the present time – are a cruel example of what may be done With impunity, and without conscience, By a Chosen people, To the vast majority of the people On the planet Who were not Chosen.
Not chosen to receive the same dubious “Blessing” of Supremacy over the Earth, Humans, and Beasts of this realm. As is Stated plainly in the first chapter Of the Bible we all read. The Unchosen who, until now, Were too scared of being Called names To demand to know why. It is a “Blessing” Jesus did not want. One that, risking crucifixion, he refused. One reason he is loved By those who recognize a good And righteous person When they encounter one.
Seen in this light he wasn’t even A spiritual progressive, but a committed Revolutionary: a Che Guevara Of the ancient past. A past as scary, if not scarier, than Our own time: A past that, Unfortunately, is not even past (quoting Faulkner). We discover this To our enlightened grief As we study The Talmud, Our own ignorance, And the devastating impact of both On our abandoned world. ### See: The General’s Son: Journey of An Israeli In Palestine, by Miko Peled, introduction by Alice Walker Also interview with Miko Peled below.
Your browser does not support native audio, but you can download this MP3 to listen on your device. Source: posted on July 2, 2013, Interview on BFM radio during my visit to Malaysia – http://www.bfm.my/miko-peled-profile.html Also: A Netflix Original Documentary: One of Us, about three people who leave the Hasidic community in Brooklyn, New York. I like very much “entertainment” that focuses on freeing people and making them happier! More please.
October 2017 AND THEN THERE WERE THE FIRES… ©2017 by Alice Walker I never experience October 9th Without giving thanks For John Lennon Someone who had his head On straight. This year was no different; I miss him still. Perhaps he and Medgar Evers, Viola (Liuzzo:the Italian-American Who came to help);the black Women and men with no marker To name them; Bobby, Martin, Jack, Malcolm (who was such a man); And Marilyn (who just mysteriously This moment wrote herself in!) and all The rest of them, in their thousands, Probably millions, Are sitting somewhere comfy In the Afterlife, chatting.
They are discussing mostly What they could not have understood. That is the biggest sorrow. Apparently. I feel it myself. And then there were the fires… Continue Reading the full poem, AND THEN THERE WERE THE FIRES Continúa leyendo el poema completo, Y Entonces Ocurrieron Los Fuegos… Or Were You Once A Child? ©2017 by Alice Walker If you were once a child Remember how it was When the big men Who were not smiling Came for you? They were not soldiers Then But uncles, fathers, Grandpas, Dentists.
It was their bigness That scared you. Now they are coming Six feet tall In full battle gear; You have nothing Or maybe a tee shirt And flip flops: Your face might reach A belt. Add to this The whole world Ignores you. We are the world That has failed the children Of this planet Not just in Africa Most miserably and most long But most grievously this day This century Last century too The children of Palestine.
Where is the place We will go to weep When the time comes For our own oblivious Children and grandchildren To face this terror: Secure in their gadgets and soccer dreams? When the big men come wearing dead faces Guns, knives, scowls Hats of steel And Big boots. This photo (and others as horrifying), was sent by the beloved Israeli witness, Nurit Peled-Elhanan. Under the title: Saturday Hunting. Another photo shows a child with a head injury being held at a check point for five hours.
No wonder the children of Palestine are committing suicide at an alarming rate. A dozen of us took ourselves to see Ain’t Too Proud, The Life and Times of The Temptations, now playing at the Berkeley Repertory Theatre in Berkeley. It was wonderful. And so was the audience, which grooved along song after song as if they remembered, as most of us did, the moment each melody first startled and swooned our hearts, all those years ago when the Temptations were the prize of Motown and King of Rhythm and Blues.
There are many lessons explored in this very exciting play, chief of them that one must sing one’s own song, which black people always did in the past; that “getting to the top” (after singing something somebody else dreamed up for you) often means discovering a lot of slimy things crawling around up there. But also, in a culture where “success,” to be seen, has to be gigantic, how to cultivate enough modesty to avoid giving away one’s essence to the vapor of fame; rather than saving our best for the comfort of those who love us.
American culture is hard on us all… Continue Reading, Ain’t Too Proud, The Life and Times of The Temptations! and Watch a Video of the performance A Trinity of Enlightenment: Never Caught, Life’s Work, and Black Ink It is a delight to know that Never Caught is being taken up by readers as food for the merciless journey of our people in these United States. Erica Armstrong Dunbar has pulled off a feat of major proportions.
So much so that I just learned her book was short listed for a National Book Award. All awards are suspect, but I’m glad this has happened because it shows courage and a belief that we can learn from history. If only we find out about it! Once you know the truth about your history, a few facts, thank you very much, then watching something like Hamilton, which I adored, can be critiqued when it wanders into the land of distorted myth: i.
e. when Washington (played beautifully by a big black man with great legs) seems to be remotely concerned with the concept of freedom. Never Caught: The Washington’s Relentless Pursuit Of Their Runaway Slave, Ona Judge, is such strong, long needed medicine for the spirit, that it stopped me in my tracks. I have been wanting to write something about it for months but the profound meaning of it simply took my breath away.
The Washingtons (and is Denzel really related to these people? I think not) both madame and man pulled out every stop to recapture a poor black woman they owned, a slave, named Ona Judge, but let’s just go ahead and call her Mother, and she, with an indomitable will and brave and innately free heart, evaded them even as Our Commander in Chief, still coughing out instruction on how his slave catchers might find her, transpired to that other, one hopes, more just world.
Leaving Madame Martha Washington to carry on the hunt as only a certain kind of absolute fiend would do. There is a scarily wonderful line up of two hundred years of previous white presidents and their wives on YouTube that is well worth studying. Really look at these people. Especially Martha and George. See if you see a heart in there anywhere. And now you know why… Continue reading, A Trinity of Enlightenment Never Caught Lifes Work and Black Ink Robert Allen, Rosario Ortega, Unrecalled Kind Person, Alice, Daniel Ortega Managua, Nicaragua, mid- Eighties Leaving Managua ©2017 by Alice Walker You were never to know, until now perhaps, that I was weeping as my compañero and I left Managua all those years ago.
We had witnessed the graceful dignity of your people that they held inviolate against the brutality inflicted on them by our country. How many wounded children can the eyes hold? How many stressed revolutionaries can the heart bear? So much weeping, Daniel. And more, to know you would be crushed. That “they” would find a way to do this. No matter what you did, or that Fidel had pinned a star for valor on your chest.
Where are your nine sons, Daniel? Where is my sister, Rosario, who worked to nourish the people’s spirit with enough heart for twenty women? I have to marvel to think how news comes to us now: Having been thoroughly humiliated and defeated by the forces that love to crush you are once again in “power.” What does it mean, Daniel, or must I say: Mr. President? Well, if we are to believe Bianca Jagger (now marching with the farmers) you have lost your way.
You want to build a canal right through the people’s drinking water. You want to displace farmers whose parents believed their children would have food and schools because of the revolution. Daniel, come back. Come back to the people who are working with the earth, not killing it for something to do, and for money they certainly do not need. Support the farmers of your country as they always in the past supported you.
There is no future in a world without Nature and the skill to encourage it to share its gifts. Wake up, Daniel, my brother. No more Coca-Cola for you! *** (When Robert Allen and I visited the Ortegas at their home I was struck by the fact that the refrigerator was literally crammed with cans of Coca-Cola.) Which even at the time- and it was very hot – seemed incongruous with revolution. Many of my family and community in the South lost their teeth to the excessive sugar in this drink.
And of course, that in its rival, Pepsi.). One of my favorite stars, Joan Crawford, lent her name to Pepsi after marrying into the company. Alas. Still, Mildred Pierce, the film, one of Crawford’s best, may outlast our addiction to sugar. We can hope. See: Blood On the Tracks: The Life and Times of S. Brian Wilson, by Brian Wilson. Brian lost his legs when the train he was trying to stop, to prevent it carrying weapons to the Contra (Reagan’s “heroes”) who were fighting the Sandinistas in Nicaragua, ran over him.
Robert Allen and Belvie Rooks and I had been arrested earlier, trying to stop the flow of weapons whose destination was the maiming and killing of people and Life. Daniel Ortega claimed Brian as a brother. Surely you recall this, Daniel. What would Brian think? See also: Open Veins of Latin America, by Eduardo Galeano. See article re: Bianca Jagger and opposition to the canal http://www.havanatimes.
org Strike! Dolores Huerta A Virgin de Guadaloupe, with Children ©by Alice Walker 2017 DOLORES, the movie Some recent movies have been overwhelmingly encouraging, like the “horror movie” Get Out. A film so remarkable in its psychic resonance that few can say just what it is that makes us know it is, at root, not so much about horror, though there is that, but about liberation: a liberation for which black psyches have long been crying.
The film DOLORES which opened last week at the Shattuck in Berkeley offers a similar medicine, though the “horror” here is ongoing in the vast fruit and vegetable fields in which mostly Chicano farm workers have lived lives as modern slaves. Into this “horror,”decades ago, came Caesar Chavez and the incomparable Goddess of persistent rebellion, Dolores Huerta. This small, brown, beautiful woman gave us the phrase “Si Se Puede!” Yes, We Can! And it is because of her that the lives of millions of workers were improved.
She led marches, strikes, sit-ins; endured endless slights because she is a woman; but never stopped moving forward in her determination to create a better, more decent and honorable life for her people. I am in awe of Dolores Huerta, and I congratulate those, including the indomitable Peter Bratt, who made this film about her life. In addition to everything else Dolores Huerta did, she gave birth to eleven children! (One of the amusing things about the film is that you never see her pregnant.
At least not visibly!). A serious magic. Don’t miss DOLORES. I like to think of her transitions: from heroine, to warrior, to Virgin de Guadaloupe, with children. Who all, by the way, appear to love their mother, understand her at last, and seem perfectly – in soul and body – beautiful themselves. Ve a ver la película Dolores ¡HUELGA! DOLORES HUERTA *** Remember: If you don’t pay attention to what is happening to others you will never understand what is happening to you.
-AW Lee el poema, Rompe Mi Corazon De Nuevo, en español Break My Heart Again ©2017 by Alice Walker September 2017 for Aung San Suu Kyi and the Rohingya People We travelled far To stand before your door A door we could not see Our taxi driver And all of Myanmar Too frightened To whisper your name. My companion* brought His trumpet And though he did not dare Endanger our driver By blowing it We understood Intention Is everything.
Where are you now? How exhausted And alone You must be. Are you now lost Inside yourself, As the world sneers Its disappointment At your failures? Where does the “sure heart’s release” Of meditation Lead now? They have unlocked The prison That was your home Only to lock you In the other prison They have long prepared For you. The prison of illusory power. How many have been lost there! Someone else Those generals Who locked you away With whom you would be “friends” Hold the key.
As so many of our people are being slaughtered- and are not all Of them “our people”?- You are oddly silent, or, When you speak, you appear With uncharacteristic subterfuge To beat around the bush. What awful thing do they have on you? That you have lost the light? It cannot be more awful Than letting more children and their grownups Suffer and die. Who would claim that the beheading Of babies has anything to do With either Buddha or Christ? You were one of our hopes For a better world.
What has become Of your devotion to love and kindness? Of your clarity? Or is it simply lost In Overwhelm? Are you trapped? I could not begin to rule a country, Particularly if I could not control Its military. I would prefer to Leave. Not out of cowardice But of acceptance. Break my heart again, Beloved one; It is here to be broken, Again and again. I see that now more clearly Than ever, As I see us, so close in age, Aging women, watching The world we dreamed Of creating turn to dust.
There is a feeling Of the whole world Sliding backward, And much of the good That one does Is not noticed at all. This neglect Appears to be a human obliviousness As we focus on the major wart. Still, whatever the threat From those in your country Who obviously wield More power Than you will ever have Remember what the Awakened One Taught: Speak. Teach. Help the world Not return to pre-wakefulness: A time of no rudder in the seas Of disaster And near complete Emaciation Of the Spirit.
### * Trumpeter Kaleo Larson. See: The Dhammapada: Concise and completely graspable teachings of the Buddha. I Wouldn’t Tell You If I Didn’t Know ©2017 by Alice Walker, a Southerner (Who wrote in a poem years ago: “If the South Rises Again, It Will Not Do So In My Presence.”) Having despaired Fully Of my Native land I now resolve Not to despair. We are on a journey Together At last And today As everyday These days Whether I am attentive Or not You are showing me How beautiful Shorn of bullwhip And antebellum Fantasies You can be.
My heart is in my mouth Many times As I watch you topple The old miseries; Maybe it is there all the time These days of pain; But I can live with it, Perhaps cramped Behind a molar; A gift Maturity can bring. You are so young, so Eager to know So smart And looking good too! I have a remaining prejudice: I believe All struggle for what is best for all Makes us gorgeous. And you are that, Never doubt, As you fight for your humanity, A soul for white folk.
I want you to know That facing Death By crazed Individuals Is not the worst of it In this life. Far from it. What’s a thousand times worse is thinking death is all there is for you, finally, on Earth; this mysterious both eternal and apparently ephemeral landing place. Seriously: A Red Record by Ida B. Wells, 1895; Up From Slavery by Booker T. Washington, 1901; The Souls of Black Folk by W.
E.B. DuBois,1903; Black Reconstruction 1860-1880 by W.E.B. DuBois 1935; The Slave Ship: A human History by Marcus Rediker 2007; The Half Has Never Been told Told by Edward E. Baptist 2014. August 2017 [embedded content] For Heather Heyer and her mother. With love, from Alice ~~~ From Charlottesville to Palestine Look up! To the Sun that shines for all of us The God that worships back. -AW Alice and Eclipse 8/21/17 Photo by Duana Fullwiley Youngest girl in Israeli jail: My dream is to hold mama in my arms RAMALLAH, (PIC) Reprint of article from The Palestinian Information Center Youngest girl in Israeli jail: My dream is to hold mama in my arms Wednesday 16/August/2017 “I have not seen my mother for the third consecutive month.
My earnest desire is to have my mother hold me in her arms,” said the youngest Palestinian detainee in Israeli jails. 14-year-old Malak Mohamed al-Ghalidh, from Ramallah, has not seen her mother for the third month after the Israeli prison authorities ruled that the minor girl be sentenced to a prison-visit ban. Malak’s mother said none of her family members could visit her in the Israeli HaSharon lock-up.
“My daughter Malak was kidnapped on May 20, 2017, at Qalandiya checkpoint, north of Occupied Jerusalem, after the Israeli forces handcuffed her with plastic manacles,” her mother told al-Asra radio station. “I only see my daughter during court hearings. Every time I notice that her face is as exhausted and pale as death,” added the mother. “Every time we get a permission to visit our daughter the Israeli prison authorities just cancel it on the very visit day.
” According to the mother, the Israeli prosecution has indicted Malak of attempting to stab an Israeli occupation soldier. Malak had reportedly been subjected to provocative searches and an inhumane investigation procedure so as to force her to confess. The Israeli soldiers threatened to kill her in case she does not declare herself guilty. The mother has appealed to all international human rights institutions to urge the Israeli occupation to release her daughter and all other girls and women held behind Israeli prison bars.
She voiced concerns over a health deterioration that might rock her daughter’s vulnerable body. According to the Palestinian Prisoners Society, Malak is the youngest-serving Palestinian detainee in Israeli lock-ups. Israeli occupation | Palestinian prisoner Read more at https://english.palinfo.com/28003 @Copyright The Palestinian Information Center Additional article: Border Police assault a father and son from East Jerusalem, break the 58-year-old father’s arm and arrest him and his 15-year-old son Please use google translator to read about massive suicide of Gaza youth ‘I will shoot you in front of your mother ‘– Israeli forces follow through on threat to Palestinian youth Zionists criminal character, 21 years old Palestinian Ra’ed Essalhi who died of his wounds Today in Zionist occupation jails.
Even Ra’ed he didnt resist Zionist soldiers while kidnapping him a month ago, yet they shot him many times in his body and left him bleeding for long time before taking him to jail’s hospital, 3 September 2017. July 2017 A Role For Psychoanalysis In Healing the Trauma of Female Genital Mutilation? Carl Jung As the subject of Female Genital Mutilation returns to the minds and hearts of many, with the news that it is being practiced in the United States, I wanted to offer a perspective that is not ordinarily discussed: that of the role psychoanalysis might play in the healing of women (and men who love them) wounded by the practice.
Who knew there were so many in the Bay Area who had already read the book! As intriguing and unusual as this new novel is, Roy’s second novel in twenty years, after the worldwide success of The God of Small Things, Alice was equally curious about another book Roy has just published The Doctor and the Saint, which is discussed briefly below. If you’ve ever wanted confirmation that you must never deliberately humiliate or harm anyone, read The Doctor and the Saint: Caste, Race, and Annihilation of Caste: The Debate Between B.
R. Ambedkar and M. K. Gandhi, by Arundhati Roy. In this book we learn almost more than we can bear about the miserable treatment in India of the “Dalits” or “those who are broken to pieces.” We also learn, with pain, that Gandhi, as much as we may venerate and are grateful to him for all the social and spiritual illumination he has cast around the world, could never quite speak up decisively on the question of destroying the horrendous system in India that lives on to this day, causing intolerable pain and suffering to people whose only “fault” is the caste into which they are born.
What we learn also is that there was someone else, during Gandhi’s time, someone more sure that the caste system must be completely destroyed, a man, an “untouchable” who became a lawyer, who struggled hard for his people and for India, a man most of us never heard of: B.R. Ambedkar. It is this man’s work on which Roy shines a light, reminding us perhaps that behind every “great” being we’ve heard about, there stands another whose work and service to humanity we may never know, until the Universe locates a messenger equal to the task of helping us see.
When Alice sent this piece to be translated, this was the gift of thought that was returned: The important thing is to be sure of what one is and what one does for the benefit of life and humankind. Gratefulness will come from life itself. -Poet Manuel Verdecia Por favor lea en español, EL MINISTERIO DE LA SUPREMA FELICIDAD: ARUNDHATI Y ALICE ### Poem for the man who translates my poems: Cuban poet Manuel Verdecia/with Alice in Havana in the 90s.
I Cannot Thank You Enough ©2017 by Alice Walker I cannot thank you enough for holding on to me all those years ago in hopeful Cuba. My niece was just there in the land I’ve loved so long, and she told me today she had no idea I’d ever traveled there. Her information about Cuba came only from television. And Auntie, it lied! she said. Sometimes the weariness is great. And yet, like Fidel, like Che, like Celia, we are still standing.
Holding the dream of peace, of brother and sisterhood. You tell me the heat is so severe this week that you and your wife my sister, must take turns, at night, fanning the grandchild, who otherwise cannot sleep; the little Prince we all adore. Yes, the planet is on fire… Continue reading, I Cannot Thank You Enough En español tambien, No Puedo Agradecerte Lo Suficiente ### An Evening with Alice Walker We Wanted a Revolution: Black Radical Women, 1965–85 with Alice Walker Brooklyn Museum(May 25, 2017) May 2017 Two new poems for the audience at the Brooklyn Museum, written after seeing you.
IN THIS INCARNATION © 2017 by Alice Walker How I have loved Being the colors Of wood. In winter I am The color Of cedar In autumn Of oak. Today in brutally hot Cambodia I am the color Of the bronze and shining Native tree Continue reading the poem, IN THIS INCARNATION Sigue leyendo el poema, En Esta Encarnación IF YOU CAN STAND THE WAIT ©2017 by Alice Walker If you can stand the wait One day it will become Perfectly clear What it is That makes you happy.
It might be years And usually is. One morning my happiness Discovered me. I was on A hillside With my yam gathering basket From Nigeria Collecting twigs And peelings from The Eucalyptus trees For making The morning fire. My wait was over – At least for now – As a feeling of deep peace A tender calm That managed also to be radiant – Rolled over me. Continue reading, IF YOU CAN STAND THE WAIT Sigue leyendo el poema, SI PUEDES SOPORTAR LA ESPERA ### [embedded content] Julian Assange spoke from the balcony of the Ecuadorean Embassy in London on Friday, May 19, 2017 Acts of Truth ©2017 by Alice Walker Inspired by mythologist, Michael Meade For Julian Assange Michael was telling us the other night About some things that might save the world.
One of them surprised me, but the more I thought about it The more it made sense. The whole world can be saved and if not the whole world Then the world of our relationships Which is, you know, the world, By committing simple acts of truth. In the story Michael tells A dying child cannot live If his parents cannot find courage enough To commit an act of truth. So the father after much blather Admits he is and has been a fraud In practically everything he’s done; The mother says she never loved Him even in the fake throes Of passionate love.
Even the monk who is called on To help these liars Admits he has no real Idea of the right path Or the honest way. He only Took holy vows because A person taking holy vows Is admired. At each act of truth Each utterance of what is true The child revives Little by little Until he is whole enough To finally skip away. That child is our ailing world, our human Universe; Continue reading the poem, Acts of Truth En español tambien, Actos De Verdad ### Photo by Tenzin Walker March/April 2017 Bowing : Ta Prohm Temple , Anghor Wat, Cambodia Photo by Rebecca Walker Temple Poem for Rebecca and Tenzin Walker ©2017 by Alice Walker What a moment of humorous wonder to realize the long road home is long precisely because it is the road that is home.
And so I bow to you Nature in all your forms including this small musing and thankful one: for endlessly reclaiming and proclaiming Yourself through whatever we thought (our prideful delusion) was (temporarily) us. Photo by anonymous February 2017 JOIN ALICE WALKER AND SPECIAL GUESTS For A Magical Weekend of Storytelling, Community Healing, and Action For The Common Good We are delighted to announce that this April, you’re invited to join distinguished writer and activist Alice Walker at the third annual Movies & Meaning Festival for a long weekend of art, storytelling, and tooling up for social justice work and community healing.
Participants will be inspired and challenged by artists, activists, and spiritual leaders who work at the intersection of creativity, peace, spirituality, and social change. READ MORE ABOUT Movies and Meaning Festival April 27-30 2017 Listen to Michael Meade’s Podcast : EPISODE 7: The Limits of Deceit Source: Mosaicvoices https://www.mosaicvoices.org January 2017 Sobonfu Somé You left us on the day women all over the world Are rising.
Well, you rose too, sweetest Of sisters. You rose and I can see you smiling As you returned to the village Of Dano. The ancestors Who, as they are wont to do, Asked far too much of you, Are there to receive you. I hope they are! For how were they to know Into what poverty of spirit What deeply injured soul space They sent you? You were sent to heal a people Who do not even realize They are unwell! Oh, my sister, whom I loved The instant I saw Your sweet smile, Far too much was asked Of you.
And you, being Sobonfu, The light of the village That raised you, Tried to do every single Thing they said You must. We, here in this blighted land, Could see this. You saw it too, but it did not Stop you. You told us we needed to weep, To cry, to moan, to roll on the ground If we felt like it But by all means To express our agony That we are so lost. But where were we When you were lost? Lost in the loneliness and vastness Of your task.
Forgive us That we did not know How to be better sisters To you. Better brothers, Better sick Americans. When you enter the village You are safe again. There will Be sufficient tears, crying out, Rolling on the ground, covering of heads With ash. That is my hope, anyway, Blessed healer of our people All our people, Returning so soon And in this abrupt way You leave us To demonstrate All you taught us About grief.
– El poema, Sobonfu Somé, también se ofrece en español PRAYER TO THE GREAT AWARENESS Copyright 2017 by Alice Walker January 21, 2017 (For the awakening.) I do not doubt that you are there and that I am also, in some future past time; and that together we are enjoying it all. And so I thank you, Great Awareness in which I also live, for Calla Lillies and Birds and Hollyhocks and Bougainvillea and the aroma of a good posole and the fit of a new dress.
There are then the stars that I love and the rivers I adore and the single leaves of trees in which I can lose my temporary this moment self in. The sheer wonder of it all. And women marching everywhere! And being the most wondrous of the human lot with their capacity to recreate the human universe. Oh, Great and Everlasting Awareness I have been with you while looking for you all my long life! And here you turn up today as you do everyday as myself, all the awakened women, children, and men, in the world, and Everything else.
*** Oracion Por La Gran Conciencia December 2016 [embedded content] I love the truth of this woman. She has always been standing where she stands now. Even though times are hard, how lucky we are to see this and to know what we are seeing. -AW Read and Sign the Call to Action to STOP Trump and Pence BEFORE they Come to Power. Join Cornel West, Niles Eldridge, Fran Luck, Carl Dix and others in signing the Mission Statement of Refuse Fascism.
Add Your Name, Print This Call, and Spread it Everywhere. Or ADD YOUR NAME Go to: Refusefascism.org *** In the Name of Humanity, We REFUSE To Accept a Fascist America! Read the full posting for Refuse to Accept a Fascist America y tambien, En Español *** Lee y Firma El Llamado a la acción para detener a Trump y Pence antes de que asuman el poder. Únete a Carl West, Niles Eldridge, Fran Luck, Carl Dix y otros más en la firma de esta Declaración de Rechazo al Fascismo.
Añade tu nombre, imprime este llamado y distribúyelo por todas partes. *** #refusefascism #nofascistUSA *** En nobre de la humanidad nos negamos a aceptar unos Estados Unidos fascistas. Donald Trump, el presidente electo, está estructurando un régimen de grave peligro. Millones de personas en los EE.UU. y en todo el mundo se sienten llenos de profunda ansiedad, temor y disgusto. Nuestra angustia es acertada y justa.
Nuestra cólera debe convertirse ahora en resistencia masiva antes de que Donald Trump se instaure como presidente y tenga las riendas del poder en sus manos. Si los millones que somos fallamos en alzarnos con determinación y coraje para detener esto, las consecuencias para la humanidad serán desastrosas. Nosotros, los abajo firmantes, percibimos desde lo más profundo de nuestros seres, la catástrofe que acaecerá a los pueblos del mundo si Trump/Pence asumen el poder… Para leer más, Lee y Firma El Llamado a la acción para detener a Trump y Pence antes de que asuman el poder *** Photo by Alice Walker A Good Day To Die Copyright © 2016 by Alice Walker the inner Standing Rock There comes a time in life when we realize it is okay to die.
Right now, like this, in this moment. It is not suicidal this thought but comes rather from a sense of completion. It may come upon us many times, this sense of readiness, if we allow waves of awe to catch us where we deeply live and remain fully there to receive them. I was sitting in the hot tub this morning tending my sciatica while pondering this. It wasn’t the pain, it was the sky. Where I live and dream in the slumbering hills of Northern California there is something a great brilliant fog in the morning that collects itself into a thousand shapes before it rolls and curls leisurely over the tops of redwood trees toward the not so distant, not quite audible ocean on the coast.
It is ” The Dragon” of our neighborhood and this morning it was spectacular. Dripping wet clutching my towel and my camera I could not stop taking pictures of it. Or exclaiming aloud in astonishment. An hour later it is still there. Unfurling its luminous tail, meandering on, scattering its shimmering scales of foggy soul across a low and wet dark blue and pewter sky. And I am left breathless in the bliss of being a Cosmic Earthling.
My destiny to be Everything and Always to be. Like water in the fog: unbounded forever and forever never free. ::: El poema, UN BUEN DÍA PARA MORIR, en Español ::: November 25, bless Fidel, 2016 Photo by Gloria LaRiva Dear amazing brother, you made it all the way home! May this be the joy that always greets you. ~ Querido asombroso hermano, has hecho todo el trayecto a casa, Que sea el júbilo el que siempre te acompañe.
Fidel Castro: Compassionate Revolutionary Photo also contains: Ramsey Clarke, a former United States attorney general (!) with those fabulous Texas ears: about whom an amazing film is near completion, and Dennis Banks, a leader of AIM (the American Indian Movement) holding Alice’s hand. Thank goodness. Others include several ophthalmologists: a mysterious affliction of blindness was affecting a large number of mostly young people on the Island.
Originally posted on Alicewalkersgarden.com in August 2016 Fidel Castro: Compassionate Revolutionary Copyright© 2016 by Alice Walker (For a book to be presented to Fidel this week honoring his birth.) Fidel Castro is the most extraordinary person I have encountered, whether in real life, history, or fiction. It is a gift to have been born in his time and to witness his nerve, intelligence, audacity, and wit.
He is a revolutionary in feeling as well as in thought. There is a thrilling backstory to how I came to “meet” Fidel, but I will not go into it here: but there I was, years ago, when I was eighteen, traveling in a quaint wood paneled train deep inside the Crimea, while reading his absorbing book HISTORY WILL ABSOLVE ME on how and why he became a revolutionary. It is a compelling record of his endeavor to free his people from a crushing dictatorship, written shortly before he was captured and put on trial for doing so.
Continue reading the post, Fidel Castro: Compassionate Revolutionary November 22, bless Kennedy, 2016 [embedded content] Bob Dylan’s A Hard Rain’s Gonna Fall, sung by the Staple Singers THE PRIZE IS POETRY POETRY IS THE PRIZE IT NEEDS NO OTHER. -AW EL PREMIO ES LA POESÍA LA POESÍA ES EL PREMIO NO SE NECESITA OTRO. -AW November 9, 2016 Don’t Despair Copyright © 2016 by Alice Walker When I was a child growing up in middle Georgia, I thought all white men were like Donald Trump.
They too seemed petulant and spoiled, unhappy with everything they were not the center of, brutal toward the feelings of those “beneath” them, and comfortable causing others to act out of hate. How did we survive this? I think of my father, a poor sharecropper with many children, so desperate for change in a system that left his family in danger of starving that he walked to the polling place – a tiny, white owned store in the middle of nowhere – to cast the first vote by a black person in the county.
Three white men holding shotguns sat watching him, for niggers were not supposed to vote and they were there to enforce this common law. My father voted for Roosevelt and a “New Deal” he hoped would also apply to black people. I come from a line of folks who chose to live or die on their feet. My 4-Greats grandmother was forced to walk chained from a slave ship in Virginia, and carried two small children that probably weren’t hers all the way to Middle Georgia.
There she was forced to work for strange, pale people who could only have appeared to be demons to her. She was given as a wedding gift to a young married couple when she was advanced in age; what the story of this event was is a mystery to this day. All we know is that she lived to bury all these people and that it is her who is remembered. My aunts and uncles learned trades – tailoring, bricklaying, masonry, house-building – whatever was allowed for black people, and raised their children in homes of stability and even comfort, while the white world beyond their neighborhoods attempted to squeeze them into corners so tiny that to the majority of “citizens” of the cities they lived in, they did not even exist.
How to survive dictatorship. That is what much of the rest of the world has had to learn. Our country has imposed this condition on so many places and peoples around the globe it is naive to imagine we would avoid it. Besides, do Native Americans and African American descendents of enslaved people not realize they have never lived in anything but a dictatorship? In this election we did not really have a healthy choice, as is said in a commercial for something I vaguely remember.
Or, as a friend puts it: “‘the “choice” was between disaster and catastrophe.”‘ If this puzzles you, here is the next step of my counsel: Study. Really attempt to understand the people you are voting for. What are they doing when they’re not smiling at you in anticipation of your vote? Study hard, deeply, before the Internet is closed, before books are disappeared. Know your history and the ways it has been kept secret from you.
Understand how politicians you vote for understand your history better than you do; which helps them manipulate your generations. It is our ignorance that keeps us hoping somebody we elect will do all the work while we drive off to the mall. Forget this behavior as if it were a dream. It was. In some way, many of us will find, perhaps to our astonishment, that we have not really lived until this moment.
Our surprise, our shock, our anger, all of it points to how fast asleep we were. This is not a lament. It is counsel. It is saying: We can awaken completely. The best sign of which will be how we treat every being who crosses our path. For real change is personal. The change within ourselves expressed in our willingness to hear, and have patience with, the “other.” Together we move forward.
Anger, the pointing of fingers, the wishing that everyone had done exactly as you did, none of that will help relieve our pain. We are here now. In this scary, and to some quite new and never imagined place. What do we do with our fear? Do we turn on others, or toward others? Do we share our awakening, or only our despair? The choice is ours. NO DESESPERES en español November 8 2016 I am spending election day burning a candle for four extraordinary people: Mumia Abu Jamal, Julian Assange, Chelsea Manning, and Edward Snowden.
I was thinking about all of them this morning in meditation. So I labeled it “thinking,” as we are taught, and went back to Om Nama Shivaya. But they all came right back to mind when meditation was over. What is it about this gang of four, other than they’re all locked up? (Exile is also a lock up.) I was thinking about this a lot, tossing out words that almost fit. The one word that does hold up is -they are decent human beings.
If there is a right thing to be done in a situation, they are committed to doing it. This is extraordinary, really, when one thinks about it. And yet, didn’t decent behavior used to be common? In any case, I turned to You Tube to watch videos of Julian Assange, especially the one he did recently with John Pilger, the Australian journalist, who is incredibly decent his own self. They are discussing how, even though all charges against Assange have been dropped; including that by the “raped” woman who confessed the police made her do it (lie about Assange; that he raped her), he must remain in the Ecuadorian Embassy in London or risk arrest and detention if he steps outside the door.
He’s been there four years, living in two rooms, with no sun at all. I have stepped inside that door to visit him, a few years ago. As I have stepped into two prisons to see Mumia and would gladly step over to Russia to bring Snowden some home cooked collard greens, and Chelsea Manning a really loving, sisterly hug. How can we bear that these amazing people are in exile and prison? That Chelsea recently tried to take her own life? Chelsea, one of the best people on the planet.
While we are surrounded by people who are not at all in her league; and voting for some of them to rule over us this very day. I think from my visit with Assange that he is an honest person. An example of this is that even though we had limited time to talk, and a horrible hit piece had just been done on him, one that, on reading, had rattled me quite a bit, he went to great pains to explain to me that “math” and “arithmetic” are different.
That my father, whom I always lament was a “mathematician” who ended up plowing vast cotton fields, was not really good at “math” but at “arithmetic.” It was annoying. But he was right. So there’s that. A stubborn insistence on the exact reality. And that is what I am thinking about this election day. How to retain a stubborn insistence on the exact reality. US America’s political system is not working for the planetary common good.
At all. In fact, it works against peace as if it is a disease. It makes enemies daily that we can never outlive. No amount of dreaming and pretending will make our country’s unpardonable behavior disappear. Only paying attention to the truth tellers, the whistle-blowers, honoring men and women like Ann Wright and Daniel Ellsberg and Jill Stein might at least permit us to breathe. To meditate on other possibilities.
And to pay attention to our own sense of what is decent and what is right. And above all, listening to Indigenous lovers of this land, those at Standing Rock, and especially the spectacularly decent teachers of humankind: the Hopi. Elecciones 2016 en Español October 2016 Yemanjá: Wisdom from the African Heart of Brazil Narrated by Pulitzer Prize-winning author Alice Walker A film by Donna C.
Roberts and Donna Read http://www.yemanjathefilm.com [embedded content] A documentary film about the Candomblé religion in Bahia, Brazil, a vibrant African-derived culture which evolved from the days of enslaved Africans. Elder women leaders tell stories of Candomblé’s history, social challenges and triumphs, grounded in strong community, and Earth-based wisdom and practice. I have just returned from the beautiful city of Pittsburgh, a place of three rivers! And a fourth that is underground.
This means a wonderful energy that has produced many artists, many musicians, whose names appear on some of the apartment buildings and houses. Friends and I were there celebrating the screening of the film Yemanjá, Wisdom From the African Heart of Brazil. My own heart was completely there; it was also with the Water Protectors of Standing Rock. Both cultures revere and protect water. In fact, as can be seen in the film, Yemanjá is the Goddess or Orixá of water, particularly that of oceans.
There is also a Goddess of fresh water. In any case, all water is understood to be completely sacred. I believe it is on this issue, the sacredness of water, that all indigenous and true Earth identified people connect. I send this video out then to all who are risking their lives and livelihoods to protect water, wherever it exists, whether in the earth, the sky, or our bodies. ———- Yemayá: Sabiduría desde el corazón africano de Brasil Narrado por la autora, Premio-Pulitzer, Alice Walker Una película de Donna C.
Roberts y Donna Read http://www.yemanjathefilm.com Es una película documental sobre la religión Candomble en Bahía, Brasil, un vibrante elemento cultural derivado de la cultura Africana que se desarrolló a partir de los días de los esclavos africanos. Viejas líderes cuentan anécdotas de la historia, los desafíos sociales y los triunfos del Candomble, basadas en una fuerte sabiduría y una práctica enraizadas en la comunidad y la Tierra.
¡Acabo de volver de la hermosa ciudad de Pittsburgh, un lugar de tres ríos! Y un cuarto que es subterráneo. Esto implica una energía maravillosa que ha dado muchos artistas, muchos músicos, cuyos nombres aparecen en algunos de los apartamentos y casas. Mis amigos y yo estábamos allí celebrando la proyección del filme Yemayá, sabiduría desde el corazón africano de Brasil. Mi propio corazón estaba totalmente allá; estaba también con los defensores del agua en Standing Rock.
Ambas culturas reverencian y protegen el agua. De hecho, como puede verse en la película, Yemayá es la diosa u oricha del agua, en especial la de los océanos. Hay también una diosa del agua dulce. En cualquier caso, toda el agua se entiende que es totalmente sagrada. Creo que es en este aspecto, el carácter sagrado del agua, en el que todos los pueblos indígenas y verdaderamente identificados con la Tierra se relacionan.
Envío este vídeo a todos los que estén arriesgando sus vidas y sustentos por proteger el agua, dondequiera que exista, bien sea en la tierra, el cielo, o en nuestros cuerpos. Buffalo just came out to support the people at Standing Rock Buffalo acaba de salir para apoyar a la gente en Standing Rock Source photo of Buffalo at Standing Rock [embedded content] Video source: Vimeo :: After Wednesday’s debate, Democracy Now! spoke to Dr.
Jill Stein, the Green Party’s presidential nominee. She and Libertarian nominee Gary Johnson were excluded from the debate under stringent rules set by the Commission on Presidential Debates, which is controlled by the Democratic and Republican parties. – en español – Tras el debate del miércoles, ¡Democracia ahora! habló con la Dra. Jill Stein, la candidata por el Partido Verde. Ella y el candidato libertario Gary Johnson fueron excluidos del debate bajo normas estrictas establecidas por la Comisión para los Debates Presidenciales, la cual está controlada por los partidos Demócrata y Republicano.
Fuente de video. Video Source. David Icke and Alice Walker in his bus! Photo by Laura Balandran September video posted here has vanished. But there are other videos by David Icke at YouTube. The videos about the demonization of Russia, the background to the wars in Middle Eastern countries, the information about vaccinations, all are of vital importance to our thinking.
Agreement isn’t the issue as much as awareness. I spent all day last Saturday from ten o’clock in the morning to after ten o’clock at night (with a break for lunch, stretches, walks and a nap in my car) listening to a presentation by David Icke who is traveling the planet with his Phantom Self, World Wake Up Tour. He was extraordinary, as usual, and held the packed audience’s attention as he carried us through teachings welcome to some and no doubt too frightening to be welcome to others.
Like Assange and Manning and Snowden and others that have appeared to shed light on these dark times, Icke is considered a prophet or a madman, depending on how open one can be to what he has devoted his life to share; i.e. his vast research and understanding of how humanity has wound up on the verge of murdering itself. I find him refreshing, myself, especially during this period of election coverage that seems from another reality entirely than the one real people live in, and is.
For friends who couldn’t attend the talk or who balked at the thought of sitting anywhere, listening to anyone, for ten hours, I decided to find, among Icke’s numerous videos, one lecture that might offer an introduction that wouldn’t be too scary for folks leery of being nudged in a direction of inquiry that might upset, destroy possibly, their world view. I think this one might fit the bill.
I notice that Icke’s own visual presentations are sometimes supplanted by weird scenes that have nothing to do with what he’s talking about. A kind of creeping censorship, no doubt. Which means, really, don’t wait to learn from a great teacher, even as you reserve your right to disagree with him, or it might soon be too late. -Alice Walker Winnie Mandela Happy Birthday, Beloved! 26th September.
// ¡Feliz cumpleaños, querida! 26 de septiembre This poem was published in the Eighties, while Nelson Mandela was still imprisoned. Winnie Mandela was raising their children alone while also being recognized by black people as “the mother of the Nation.” Life would take a terrible turn in her personal journey, which is well worth studying, for the light it sheds on how and why people sometimes change course, or break.
But having endured her personal Calvary Winnie Mandela rose again to lead, teach, and protect her people. When her daughters – who I sometimes felt were also my daughters while they were growing up without their father, and, because of her many arrests and bannings, frequently without their mother – asked if i would read this poem for their mother at her 80th birthday celebration in Johannesburg I was happy to do so.
(This was accomplished via video shot by filmmaker Pratibha Parmar). Ironically Nelson Mandela was released from prison on Parmar’s birthday, Feb. 11, 1990. Winnie Mandela’s life is precious to all people who understand what a trial it is simply to exist, standing your ground against forces that despise and abuse you, over decades and centuries. Whoever is perfect in their response to the murder of a people’s soul, may judge whatever is impossible to understand.
The name “Lucy,” which appears in the following poem, was given by paleoanthropologists to the fossilized skeleton of the most ancient, recognizably human ancestral figure ever found. A female being who lived on the African continent some three million years ago. WINNIE MANDELA WE LOVE YOU by Alice Walker Winnie Mandela We love you. If we had known you In a time of peace We would have loved Your peacefulness Your quiet so deep It did not hear The call To fight.
We missed our chance. Winnie Mandela We love you. In a time of war We love your ferocity. We love your vigilance. We love your impatience With killers And charlatans. We love your hatred Of the deaths of our people. We love your hatred Of despair. Winnie Mandela We love you. We love your beauty. We love your style. We love your hats, Scarves And various lengths Of hair. We love the passion In your body.
The fury in your eyes. When you smile We are amazed. We love your loyalty To Nelson The beautiful. Your attention to The children And the voluptuousness Of the countryside Which will be ours Again. We love your memory Of details. We love that you do not intend To forget. Winnie Mandela, “Lucy,” We love you For helping us recognize The eternity you’ve been with us before. Winnie Mandela, Sister, We love you.
Yours is the contemporary face Of the mother Of the human race. ### Leer este poema en español From Her Blue Body Everything We Know: Earthling Poems 1965-1990 Complete, Harcourt Brace publishers; by Alice Walker August 2016 [embedded content] An inspiring example of the passion of caring. -AW Video Source: The Sane Progressive Never Give Up: Even when the way of Peace is sabotaged or difficult to read….
Breathing in I thank Thich Nhat Hahn Breathing Out I thank him more. -AW [embedded content] Why vote for evil (lesser is still evil) when you can vote for good? Most of us have never won an election anyway. The self-deception is believing you have. And we’ve certainly never “won” democracy. Bernie sure did look good, though. -AW This article is also translated into Spanish/Español JULY 18, 2016 STORY - http://www.
democracynow.org/2016/7/18/why_a_member_of_the_democratic AMY GOODMAN: You are endorsing Dr. Jill Stein. You were a surrogate for Bernie Sanders. You spoke all over the country for him. CORNEL WEST: Yes, yes, yes. AMY GOODMAN: What made you decide to support the Green Party presidential candidate as opposed to Hillary Clinton? CORNEL WEST: Well, I’ve never been tied to one party or one candidate or even one institution.
And that’s true even with one church as a Christian. I’m committed to truth and justice. And Brother Bernie, no doubt, was the standard-bearer for truth and justice during the primary at a national level, at a highly visible level. Once he endorsed Hillary Clinton, who, for me, is a neoliberal disaster, it was clear— AMY GOODMAN: What do mean by that? CORNEL WEST: A neoliberal disaster is one who generates a mass incarceration regime, who deregulates banks and markets, who promotes chaos of regime change in Libya, supports military coups in Honduras, undermines some of the magnificent efforts in Haiti of working people, and so forth.
That’s the record of Hillary Clinton. So there was no way—when my dear brother, who I love very deeply, Bernie Sanders said she will make an outstanding president, I said, “Oh, I disagree with my brother. I think she’ll—I don’t think she’ll make an outstanding president at all.” She’s a militarist. She’s a hawk. She could take us into war with Russia. She could take us into war with Iran.
So, I mean, I think she’s—she’s dangerous in terms of her neoliberal ideology—not as a woman, because I’m supporting, of course, my dear sister Jill Stein. I think after a magnificent campaign of Bernie Sanders, the next step is a green step. The next step is a progressive step. And when you’re calling for reparations, you’re calling for the release of prisoners who have been historically unfairly treated, especially tied to nonviolent crimes, and then saying they should vote and that vote should never be taken away, when you’re calling—putting people and planet and peace before profits, Sister Jill Stein, for me, is somebody that’s worth fighting for.
And she’s not a spoiler. You know, a lot of people use that term “spoiler.” If Hillary Clinton can’t make the case to progressives, she doesn’t deserve our vote. Now, Trump is a neofascist in the making. There’s no doubt about that. AMY GOODMAN: Donald Trump. CORNEL WEST: Yeah. Oh, there’s no doubt about that. But the thing is, is that you can’t just be a non-Trump and deserve one’s vote.
If Hillary Clinton wants the vote of progressives, she better be real about it. But I don’t think she has the capacity to be real about it. She’s so tied to Wall Street. She’s so tied to the corporate elite. AMY GOODMAN: Why do you say he’s a neofascist, Donald Trump, the— CORNEL WEST: Because neofascism in the United States takes the form of big money, big banks, big corporations, tied to xenophobic scapegoating of the vulnerable, like Mexicans and Muslims and women and black folk, and militaristic policies abroad, with strongman, charismatic, autocratic personality, and that’s what Donald Trump is… …Please Continue Reading, Cornel West: Why I Endorse Green Party’s Jill Stein Over “Neoliberal Disaster” Hillary Clinton …Continúe leyendo, Cornel West En “DEMOCRACIA AHORA” Explica Por Que Apoya A Jill Stein Del Partido Verde En Vez Del “Desastre Neoliberal” Hillary Clinton This is the news of which tears and smiles are made.
As Celie Johnson might say: I loves folks. -AW Did You See Our Palestine Signs at the DNC? Rabbi Shmuley Did. by Tamar Ghabin, Government Affairs Associate, and Josh Ruebner, Policy Director July 29th, 2016 WATCH: Visible Support for Palestinian Rights at DNC DNC delegates raise the Palestinian flag on the convention floor. “All the…pro-Palestinian yellow stickers at #DNCinPhilly are truly dispiriting,” lamented prominent right-wing Israel supporter Rabbi Shmuley Boteach on Twitter.
Yep, we worked with delegates to the Democratic National Convention (DNC) to distribute thousands of our “Progressive for Palestine” and “I Support Palestinian Human Rights” t-shirts, signs, stickers and buttons to more than 30 state delegations! This presence was, Al Jazeera reported, a “show of force” in support of Palestinian human rights “unprecedented at other political conventions.
” Watch and share our 90-second video showing a few of the many hundreds of delegates who proudly demonstrated their support for Palestinian rights on the floor of the DNC. Watch our videos from the DNC. In fact, DNC delegates were so receptive that we actually had trouble keeping up with the demand for materials! After seeing these signs and stickers on TV and social media, many people have been asking us: how can we get this #ProgressiveforPalestine swag? It’s easy.
Just click here to make a donation to the US Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation and we’ll be glad to send some to you too. Creating this visible presence at the DNC in support of Palestinian rights, which built on our similar work in Cleveland at the RNC, was just one of the things we did this week in Philadelphia. On Monday, we organized a path-breaking panel for delegates, cosponsored by member group American Friends Service Committee, entitled “Progressive for Palestine: Is the US Ready to Rethink Policy on Israel?” The standing-room-only crowd heard a special video message from Rep.
Keith Ellison (D-MN), who assured us that thanks to the tireless work of Palestine solidarity activists, the conversation on Capitol Hill is changing for the better. And Rep. Hank Johnson (D-GA) spoke passionately to the crowd about his work in Congress to hold Israel accountable for violations of US weapons laws and to advocate for the human rights of Palestinian children. We were also privileged to hear from Dr.
Jim Zogby, a member of the DNC’s platform committee who pushed hard for Palestinian human rights amendments, and Linda Sarsour, the most prominent Palestinian-American surrogate for a presidential candidate. Watch and share this inspiring event here. In Philadelphia, we also helped organize a Palestine solidarity march with member group Philly BDS, educated delegates about the issue with member group American Muslims for Palestine, supported protests by member group Code Pink, and helped turn out crowds for panel discussions held by member group Jewish Voice for Peace and our friends at the Arab American Institute.
For example, check out our Executive Director Yousef Munayyer at this JVP-sponsored panel on Boycotting for Justice: Building Progressive Grassroots Power. Huffington Post noted that if all of the Palestine solidarity activism on full display at the DNC “proceeds on its current trajectory, it could threaten the virtually unconditional support for Israeli government policies that has been a core tenet of both major parties for decades.
” That’s exactly right. In fact during the DNC, new polling confirmed recent trends and showed support for holding Israel accountable for settlements is supported by Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders backers alike with even some support among Republicans! Help us continue along this trajectory by making your donation today to support our ongoing work and get your #ProgressiveforPalestine swag.
Of course, creating this visible presence for Palestinian rights at the DNC cost money. Help us raise $10,000 today to recoup those costs and help launch the next phase of our work to continue to make Palestinian rights a central part of this electoral season. Sincerely, Josh Ruebner, Policy Director Tamar Ghabin, Government Affairs Associate - See more at: http://www.endtheoccupation.org/article.
php?id=4825 Meridian’s granddaughter. Hello, Beloved. Thank you, Leisha Evans. Is there another way to think about this? Let us find it, quickly, together. If we don’t find it, we risk losing the friends we’ve made, the friends we love, after over half a century of work. We risk losing all the children’s trust in our ability to find a way we all can live. http://www.lionsroar.com/a-buddhist-cops-approach-to-justice/ There used to be a wonderful phrase: Don’t believe the hype.
The hype is still here; and people still believe it. That is why we love writers who get the real word out. Like this writer who tells us something I’m sure most of us didn’t know. -AW http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/king-cops-killed-white-men-conservatives-silent-article-1.2632965 Thanks Belvie Rooks (and brother D). This Black Lives Matter Photo Should Be Seen Around The World – Link Thanks William Lee, all the way from China! *** June 2016 PLEASE POST WIDELY 7/26 Oakland Forum-Palestinian Workers, Human Rights, Labor and Zionism July 26 (Tuesday) 7:00 PM (Free) Uptown Body and Fender – 401 26th St.
, Oakland Palestinian workers are under attack and they and their families face apartheid conditions. At the same time, legal efforts are being made to prevent an international boycott of Israel and labor action. Bay Area ILWU longshore workers played an important role in supporting Palestinian workers by boycotting the Israeli controlled Zim shipping line. This forum will look at the history of Zionism including the collaboration with the Nazis, and the present attack on UK Labor Party members critical of Israel who are being attacked as anti-Semites.
We will also look at the struggle of UAW 2865 to support the international boycott, and how their national leadership nullified their efforts. Video from ILWU Zim Action On Port of Oakland will be screened. Speakers: Fadi Saba, President Luther Burbank Education Association CTA* Jeff Blankfort, Editor Of Labor Bulletin On The Middle East and Radio Host of KZYX&Z Takes on The World Lenni Brenner, Historian and author of Zionism In The Age Of Dictators Jack Heyman, ILWU Local 10 retired and Chair Transport Workers Solidarity Committee * for identification only Sponsored by United Public Workers For Action.
www.upwa.info <http://www.upwa.info> Who or what are the beings that can tolerate slave ships, whether on sea or land, and cause humans to endure being “packed like sardines” on their way to forced labor. Meditating on this question is scary but must be done. -AW Jesse Williams’ BET Awards Speech Here is part of the problem right up front: we have to endure a MacDonald’s commercial before Jesse Williams’ speech.
Surely there is a better way to honor our people than by encouraging belief that such a corporation cares about what they eat, unless it makes money for the corporation. In any case, it interrupted a poem I wanted to write about fear of blackness in white culture. Here It Is 2016 by Alice Walker Here it is the beauty that scares you -so you believe- to death. For he is certainly gorgeous and he is certainly where whiteness to your disbelief has not wandered off to die.
No. It is there, tawny skin, gray eyes, a Malcolm-esque jaw. His loyal parents may Goddess bless them sitting proud and happy and no doubt amazed at what they have done. For he is black too. And obviously with a soul made of everything. Try to think bigger than you ever have or had courage enough to do: that blackness is not where whiteness wanders off to die: but that it is like the dark matter between stars and galaxies in the Universe that ultimately holds it all together.
-AW Three deep bows to a beautiful son. Aquí es el poema en español View Video, BET Humanitarian Awards Speech by Jesse Williams ### A thoughtful piece on our dilemma. I remember Martin Luther King saying we might one day have the vote (people of color) and have no one to vote for. Or, we might gain entrance to “white only” restaurants and have no money to buy the food. And so on. What a prophet! I think it would help to remember not everyone in the country thinks America (North America, the US) is or ever was “great.
” Looking at its truly soulless behavior against everyone except, for the most part, wealthy white people, overwhelmingly male, what would that mean? I would have liked to have experienced a “fair” nation, a “just” nation, even a “compassionate” nation, though that word probably frightens a lot of Americans. In any case, we have reached where we were heading. Rule by the rich and insatiable.
Hungry ghosts. Whatever happens with Bernie Sanders’ candidacy he makes us see an alternative. A beautiful gift. If he is sucked into supporting the prevailing charade we will mourn its loss, but hopefully we will continue to seek the light. -AW Read, The chaos of a Hillary Clinton Presidency: Corporate dominion and a building rebellion and En Español ### An optimistic local out for a stroll Loving Oakland Copyright © 2016 by Alice Walker If gentrifiers do not despoil it which means getting rid of poor and black and people of color people Oakland can be what it has been for a long time: an urban Paradise.
It is a place where the young blonde woman crossing the street in front of your car would look like a threat to the neighborhood except she’s frowning over some deep issue in her inner life and wearing outrageous vivid blue shoes. It is a place where as you sit on the grass by the lake a tall black man of a certain age strolls by blowing his saxophone. You smile and bow,… Continue reading the full poem, Loving Oakland The Long Road Home ©2016 by Alice Walker I am beginning to comprehend the mystery of the gift of suffering.
It is true as some have said that it is a crucible in which the gold of one’s spirit is rendered and shines. Ali, you represent all of us who stand the test of suffering most often alone because who can understand who or what has brought us to our feet? Their knees worn out ancestors stood us up from the awkward position they had to honor on the floor beneath the floor. I have been weeping all day Thinking of this.
The cloud of witness the endless teaching the long road home. El poema, EL LARGO CAMINO A CASA Para Muhammad Ali se ofrece en español >[embedded content] Feb 20, 2011 – Uploaded by kaotikkalm “My conscience won’t let me go shoot my brother, or some darker people, or some poor hungry people in the … One of the few athletes who loved us more than we loved him. -Mungu Sanchez. Thank you, son.
[embedded content] May 2016 I have recently been sharing thoughts about books that are to me “great” in the sense of having the power to engage the reader in new ways of imagining, of loving, acting, and growing. There are books that are great in an even more extraordinary way: they can sometimes single-handedly shift consciousness so much that a crime like enslavement of people, sometimes singly, often whole families, can at last be seen and emotionally felt for what it is.
Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe did this. Slave narratives like Frederick Douglass’s did this. I’ve just finished reading two harrowing books out of India that could have similar impact: RIVER OF FLESH and Other Stories: The Prostituted Woman in Indian Short Fiction, edited by Ruchira Gupta, and TOWN OF LOVE by Norwegian writer Anne Osby. Continue reading about RIVER OF FLESH and TOWN OF LOVE o Leer El Artículo en Español See reminder below: A Research Collaboration on the History of Slavery and Sexual Violence In 1855 Missouri, an enslaved woman named Celia was tried, convicted, and ultimately executed for killing her owner.
Celia confessed: She had tried to put a stop to what had been five years of sexual abuse. At the center of the trial was a dramatic confrontation over the legal standing of enslaved women. Did an enslaved woman have the right to defend herself against sexual assault? Drawing on Celia’s own words, her court-appointed defense team said “yes.” Prosecutors, the trial judge, jurors, and the state high court all rejected Celia’s claim.
Enslaved women did not have the same right to self-defense accorded to free women under Missouri law, they concluded. To allow such resistance would have been to strike at the heart of slaveholders’ power. Continue Reading, The Celia Project and also the post is translated into Español (Thank you: Beverly Guy-Sheftall) BLACK VIRGINS ARE NOT FOR HIPSTERS Meanwhile, over at the Marsh in Berkeley, the small, slender, powerful, stunning and adorable Echo Brown performs BLACK VIRGINS ARE NOT FOR HIPSTERS.
Word of mouth fills the theatre, and the show has been extended. Google for details – I’m headed for a silent retreat. What I can say is that not since early Whoopi Goldberg and early and late Anna Deavere Smith have I been so moved by a performer’s narrative. This one woman show proves once again that there is apparently a black woman gene that refuses to let her stay down, give up, or admit defeat, in any area in which she passionately lives her life.
Truth seems to be Goddess of this realm. The beauty of this small being, standing alone on an empty stage, fills my heart with gratitude for the long and grueling inner journey that has brought us so far. ALGO NUEVO Y MARAVILLOSO EN EL MARSH DE BERKELEY Mientras tanto, en el Marsh de Berkeley, la pequeña, esbelta, poderosa, admirable y encantadora Echo Brown representa Las vírgenes negras no son para los hipsters*.
El rumor ha hecho que se llene el teatro y el espectáculo se ha extendido. Vayan a Google para detalles –voy camino a un retiro de silencio. Lo que puedo decir es que desde la temprana Whoopi Goldberg y la temprana y posterior Anna Deavere Smith no me he sentido tan conmovida con la narración de un actor. Este espectáculo unipersonal de una mujer demuestra una vez más que, al parecer, hay un gen en la mujer negra que rechaza quedarse echada, rendirse o admitir la derrota, en cualquier asunto en el que apasionadamente realice su vida.
La verdad parece ser la Diosa de este reino. La belleza de este pequeño ser, que permanece sola en un escenario vacío, colma mi corazón de gratitud por el largo y angustioso camino que nos ha traído tan lejos. * Hipster se denomina a las personas que cultivan el arte no masivo ni predominante sino el alternativo, especializado, selecto. Papa Hemingway In Cuba New film! If I were still teaching writing I would gather my entire class in my arms and take them to see PAPA HEMINGWAY IN CUBA.
Writing is such a lonely, sometimes terrifying pursuit. And there is often so much misrepresentation of it. This film, like Hemingway himself, is blunt and true, and I was reminded, watching it, how much, as a young writer, I learned from him. Economy of both thought and expression, the necessity of writing nothing, not one thing, that rings false, or is false. The complete indifference to whatever glorious diversion might obstruct the path to purity of effort.
Then, to see the side of his life that chronicles some of the cost of pursuing the creation of his monumental gift, some of the wrong turns, the embrace of the false in other areas of his life – with his women and his wives, for instance; what a sad but so human revelation. I fell in love with Cuba and the Cuban people at about the time Hemingway was leaving his secluded paradise there. He was almost sixty, and would commit suicide very soon; I was sixteen, and suicidal about American racism and injustice.
I used to wonder, on my visits to Cuba – usually to do work in defense of the people’s health and wholeness – why he was so universally admired there. I hadn’t realized… Continue reading, “Papa Hemingway In Cuba New film!” and en español, “Papa Hemingway en Cuba ¡Un nuevo filme!” The Battle Over Boycott: the next great frontier. See link below. Link >> A New York Bill Penalizing Boycotts is a Threat to Democracy Labor is prior to, and independent of, capital.
Capital is only the fruit of labor, and could never have existed if Labor had not first existed. Labor is superior to capital, and deserves much the higher consideration.—Abraham Lincoln Source article Slate.com La batalla sobre el boicot: la próxima gran frontera. (Vea el link debajo) Un proyecto de ley de Nueva York que penaliza el boicot es una amenaza a la democracia. “El trabajo es anterior al, e independiente del, capital.
El capital es solo el fruto del trabajo y jamás hubiera podido existir de no haber existido primero el trabajo. El trabajo es superior al capital y merece la mayor consideración.” Abraham Lincoln Artículo tomado de Slate.com April 2016 / Abril 2016 MILES AHEAD A film by Don Cheadle This afternoon I went with friends to see the new Don Cheadle film about Miles Davis, MILES AHEAD, that is playing at our local cinema.
It is fantastic. I had seen a trailer in which Miles appears in a car chase shooting wildly out the window of his car. In the film there is such a chase; Miles shooting out the window of a careening vehicle, and being shot at by someone in the music mafia who has orders to steal a musical tape he has made, and perhaps kill him… Continue reading, MILES AHEAD A film by Don Cheadle MILES* POR DELANTE (*Juego de palabras con el nombre del músico que significa también “millas”.
) Un filme de Don Cheadle Esta tarde fui con amigas a ver el nuevo filme de Don Cheadle sobre Miles Davis, Miles Ahead, que se exhibe en nuestro cine local. Es fantástico. Había visto un avance en el que aparece Miles en una persecución de autos disparando alocadamente desde la ventanilla de su carro. En el filme está esa persecución. Miles dispara desde la ventanilla de un vehículo a toda velocidad mientras a él le dispara alguien de la mafia de la música que tiene órdenes de robar una grabación musical que él ha hecho y, quizás, hasta matarle… Mas en español, MILES POR DELANTE Un filme de Don Cheadle David Icke: A Memory of Prince – Beyond Normal – YouTube [embedded content] “Everything That Rises Must Converge” Pierre de Teilhard de Chardin.
This is why I respect and love David Icke. Such a thoughtful, soulful, deeply aware requiem for Prince. Who was a magical force but mysterious to me. Which was fine. “Todo cuanto se levanta debe converger”, Pierre de Teilhard de Chardin. Es por esto que respeto a David Icke. Un réquiem tan considerado, conmovedor y profundamente consciente para Prince. Este era una fuerza mágica pero misteriosa para mí.
Lo que estaba bien. Dawning LIGHT- aw Bernie Sanders vs. the Out-of-touch American Jewish Establishment Sanders’ Jewish socialism, his recognition of the injustice of the occupation, is a rebuke to those in the U.S. and Israel who believe Jews should only care about other Jews’ freedom and dignity. No wonder they’re trying to marginalize him. Max Berger Apr 16, 2016 1:57 AM Bernie backs the Jewish values we millenials believe in – and Israel’s not one of them How I chose between Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders As Jews in the U.
S., we are taught over and over about the history of our persecution. American Jews are applying the lessons we learned from that history… Continue Reading complete article, “Bernie Sanders vs. the Out-of-touch American Jewish Establishment” by Max Berger En Español LUZ DE AMANECER, AW Bernie Sanders versus el grupo de poder Judío Americano desconectado de la realidad El socialismo judío de Sanders, su reconocimiento de la injusticia de la ocupación, es una crítica a aquellos que en los EE.
UU. e Israel creen que los judíos solo deben preocuparse de la libertad y la dignidad de otros judíos. No es asombroso que traten de marginarlo. Para Leer El Artículo Two pieces of good news in a row. Bernie Sanders wins Wisconsin, and Michael Moore’s new film Where To Invade Next is almost too good to be true. Though a friend reminds me: Nothing is too good to be true! The film invades half a dozen European (and Tunisia) countries and instead of grabbing land, families to enslave, oil or diamonds, Michael Moore “steals” the best ideas the countries offer.
I felt so hopeful after seeing this film. Not everyone on the planet has fallen ill with the American disease of envy, greed, brutality, lack of empathy, and war, i.e., a love affair with death. Instead they have taken what America used to stand for, and run with it. Drop everything and go see this film. You will be so glad you did! Dos buenas noticias seguidas. Bernie Sanders gana en Winsconsin y el nuevo filme de Michael Moore, Where to Invade Next (¿A quién invadir después?) es casi demasiado bueno para ser verdad.
Aunque una amiga me recuerda: ¡Nada es demasiado bueno para que sea verdad! La película invade media docena de países europeos (y a Tunes) y en lugar de arrebatar terrenos, familias para esclavizarlas, petróleo o diamantes, Michael Moore se “roba” las mejores ideas que esos países ofrecen. Me siento muy llena de esperanzas tras ver este filme. No todos en este planeta se han contagiado con la enfermedad norteamericana de la envidia, la avaricia, la crueldad, la falta de empatía y la guerra, o sea, un romance con la muerte.
En vez de esto han tomado aquello con que Estados Unidos solía identificarse y han corrido con ello. Deje todo y corra a ver el filme. ¡Se sentirá muy feliz de hacerlo! Other Great News From “Other People’s Everything, Inc.” There are almost too many great books lately to share with any kind of depth, but if I keep putting off writing about them I’m afraid they will vanish. I will list the ones that come to mind and between chores attempt to fill in what’s missing: you won’t regret staying tuned.
Humans are at it again: showing us what’s possible! WHEN BREATH BECOMES AIR, BY PAUL KALINITHI, made me so glad Paul existed I could hardly sit still. It’s a wonderful book about a wonderful human being. Living and dying with so much grace and dignity I’m still weeping as I write this, and it’s been months! Ruth OZeki’s amazing books: My YEAR Of MEATS and A TALE FOR THE TIME BEING lit up my mind and soul for a couple of weeks.
She was such a surprise! I love the Japanese/American-ness of her! I AM MALALA, by Malala Yousafzai, shines… Continue Reading, Other Great News From “Other People’s Everything, Inc.” y en español Very Best News: Aung San Suu Kyi’s party comes to power at last in Myanmar (Burma) and a law is proposed to make her the “president’s boss.” Since she cannot, due to illegal maneuvers by the generals of the old regime, become president.
Here is a woman, like Malala of Pakistan, like Celia Sanchez of Cuba, who demonstrates womanism at its best. Muy buena noticia: el partido de Aung San Suu Kyi llega al poder por fin en Myanmar (Birmania) y una ley se propone convertirla en “jefa del presidente”. Esto se debe a que ella no puede, debido a maniobras ilegales de los generales del antiguo régimen, convertirse en presidenta. He aquí una mujer, como Malala de Pakistán, como Celia Sánchez de Cuba, que corroboran el “mujerismo” (la esencia de ser mujer) en su mejor forma.
Happy Birthday and Thank You to a Great Spiritual Leader, Rev. Eloise Oliver (April 1) of East Bay Church of Religious Science (See YouTube interview on Empathy) Feliz cumpleaños y gracias a un gran guía espiritual, el reverendo Eloise Oliver (1 de abril) de la Iglesia de Ciencia Religiosa en East Bay. (Vea la entrevista en YouTube sobre empatía) March 2016 Happy Birthday to a Great Artist of Music, Tracy Chapman, March 30 Feliz cumpleaños a una gran artista de la música, Tracy Chapman, 30 de marzo.
*** Why does the US media lie so much? (Cynthia McKinney and the questions that matter…) After serving in the Georgia Legislature, in 1992, Cynthia McKinney won a seat in the US House of Representatives. She was the first African-American woman from Georgia in the US Congress. In 2005, McKinney was a vocal critic of the government’s response to Hurricane Katrina and was the first member of Congress to file articles of impeachment against George W.
Bush. In 2008, Cynthia McKinney won the Green Party nomination for the US presidency. Article Source URL | More RT from Cynthia McKinney © Chip East / Reuters Either by omission or by commission, the US media actively misinforms the public on crucial issues that matter. The reason they do this is because they legally can. My mentor and dissertation committee member, Dr. Peter Dale Scott, recently wrote on his Facebook page: “Inadequate decently priced housing is one of America’s most urgent domestic problems, with developers vacating neighborhoods to build third and fourth homes for the one percent.
It is a symptom of what’s wrong that Cynthia McKinney, one of the relatively few former members of Congress with a Ph.D., has to go to RT to discuss a crisis that is so under-reported in the US media.” And therein lies the problem with US media: The news is so filtered and in some cases propagandized that it bears little resemblance to the day-to-day intellectual needs of the average US citizen.
It fails to provide solutions, let alone information that allows US citizens to cast informed votes. Either by omission or by commission, the US media actively under-, ill-, or misinforms the public on crucial issues that matter! The reason they do this is because they legally can. Media in the US has at least one court ruling that allows them to knowingly lie to the public… Continue Reading, Why does the Media Lie So Much? by Cynthia McKinney y En Español Tambien WHAT MAKES US FAMILY? WHAT MAKES US BELONG TO EACH OTHER? Acceptance Speech: The Mahmoud Darwish Award For Literature: March 10, 2016 ©2016 by Alice Walker It is a distinct honor to receive this award that is named for the brave and brilliant Palestinian poet, Mahmoud Darwish.
Mahmoud Darwish wrote from the very heart of dispossession, cruelty, oppression and terror. That his own heart eventually gave out, and that he died at a relatively young age, is testament to his sufferings as a highly conscious, well educated and well traveled Palestinian. When I think of him I am reminded of how many of us, especially in these dark times, live mainly by the will of our deep love of our peoples, our cultures, our memories, ourselves – as the expression of thousands of years, and more, of existence on this extraordinary planet.
I believe the issue of Palestine and its liberation to be the defining Movement for Freedom and Autonomy of our time. It is often possible to tell almost everything one needs to know about a person by how they perceive what is happening to the Palestinian people. Though many still claim ignorance of Palestine’s history of dispossession under Zionist Israeli rule, more and more of the world has committed to study the real history, as opposed to the contrived, and can see clearly what has been, and is still, being done: The bombing of cities, the stealing of land, houses and businesses, the unconscionable battering, incarceration and murder of Palestinians of any age or sex, but especially the hunting down and killing of children.
Every day in my Inbox I am informed of these child murders, which, as a mother, but really as a human being, I find almost unbearable. … Continue Reading, WHAT MAKES US FAMILY? WHAT MAKES US BELONG TO EACH OTHER? From: A Lover From Palestine, by Mahmoud Darwish In the briar-covered mountains I saw you, A shepherdess without sheep, Pursued among the ruins. You were my garden, and I a stranger, Knocking at the door, my heart, For upon my heart stand firm The door and windows, the cement and stones.
I have seen you in casks of water, in granaries, Broken, I have seen you a maid in night clubs, I have seen you in the gleam of tears and in wounds. You are the other lung in my chest; You are the sound on my lips; You are water; you are fire. ¿QUÉ NOS HACE FAMILIA? ¿QUÉ NOS HACE PERTENECER UNOS A OTROS? Discurso de aceptación del Premio de Literatura Mahmoud Darwish, 10 de marzo de 2016 ©2016 Alice Walker Es un destacado honor recibir este premio que lleva el nombre del valeroso y brillante poeta palestino Mahmoud Darwish.
Darwish escribió desde el mismo corazón de la desposesión, la crueldad, la opresión y el terror. El que su propio corazón finalmente cediera y él muriera a una edad relativamente joven testimonia de sus sufrimientos como un palestino altamente consciente, bien educado y que viajó mucho. Cuando pienso en él me viene a la mente cuántos de nosotros, especialmente en estos tiempos oscuros, vivimos fundamentalmente por la voluntad de nuestro profundo amor a nuestros pueblos, nuestras culturas, nuestra memoria y a nosotros mismos, como expresión de miles de años y más de existencia sobre este extraordinario planeta.
Leer más en Español, ¿QUÉ NOS HACE FAMILIA? ¿QUÉ NOS HACE PERTENECER UNOS A OTROS? De: Una amante de Palestina (A Lover From Palestine), de Mahmoud Darwish En las montañas cubiertas de brezo te vi, pastora sin ovejas, perseguida entre las ruinas. Eras mi jardín y yo un extraño, tocando a la puerta, mi corazón, pues sobre mi corazón se alzan firmes la puerta y las ventanas, el cemento y las piedras.
Continue to read, De: Una amante de Palestina (A Lover From Palestine), de Mahmoud Darwish Never forget the blooming beauty that is ours; celebrate the human Spring. – AW “Lakota Butterfly” Available as 11X14 framed color print $90.00 The Musical Offering Cafe & CD Shop 2430 Bancroft Way Berkeley, CA 94704 (510)849-0211 February 2016 The Last day of a very short month! “There’s no doubt that the great John Lewis of 50 years ago is different than the John Lewis today” TOPICS: CORNEL WEST, BLACK VOTE, SOUTH CAROLINA, JOHN LEWIS, CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT, BLACK LEFT, BERNIE SANDERS, RACE, 2016 DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY, 2016 SOUTH CAROLINA PRIMARY, HILLARY CLINTON, REP.
JIM CLYBURN, ELECTIONS NEWS, NEWS, POLITICS NEWS Bernie Sanders, Cornel West (Credit: AP/John Locher/Richard Drew) On Saturday, the Sanders campaign suffered what the candidate described as a decimation at the hands of Hillary Clinton in South Carolina, losing his third election by nearly 50 percentage points. “In politics, on a given night, sometimes you win, sometimes you lose. Tonight we lost,” Sanders gracefully conceded that evening, before moving on to campaign in the Super Tuesday state of Minnesota.
But some of Sanders’ surrogates haven’t been so graceful in their concession of defeat after putting up a valiant fight for the African-American vote. Cornel West told Vice News last week that he feared many of Clinton’s most prominent African-American supporters had lost their way. The vocal Sanders supporter singled out Congressmen John Lewis and Jim Clyburn repeatedly. “There’s no doubt that the great John Lewis of 50 years ago is different than the John Lewis today,” West asserted.
“He’s my brother. I love him, I respect his personhood, but there’s no doubt he’s gone from a high moment of Martin Luther King-like struggle to now [a] neoliberal politician in a system that is characterized more and more by legalized bribery and normalized corruption. That’s what big money does to politics. And the Clinton machine is an example of that.” West argued that “most black politicians these days are neoliberal politicians, so it’s almost natural for them to side with Hillary Clinton.
” West said that Clyburn and Lewis had become “too well adjusted to Wall Street” and are now a part of a system “in which politicians are well adjusted to injustice owing to their ties to big money, big banks, and big corporations, and turning their backs, for the most part, to poor people and working people. Poor people and working people become afterthoughts.” The John Lewis I dedicated my novel MERIDIAN to all those decades ago could not be this one.
That is true and deeply sad. Return of the Dark Ages, indeed. -AW This month I will be communicating with readers via https://www.facebook.com/authoralicewalker in celebration of Black History Month Thank you, Mondoweiss! As Tel Aviv prepares to welcome Beyoncé, here’s a review of Israel’s atrocious record towards black people Why “Womanism” Exists: Hillary Clinton and the Old World Order (Alice Walker Blog) Hillary Clinton’s Empowerment by Kevin Young & Diana C.
Sierra Becerra Hillary Clinton isn’t a champion of women’s rights. She’s the embodiment of corporate feminism. Thank you, Michelle Alexander! Why Hillary Clinton Doesn’t Deserve the Black Vote #SayHerName — #NatashaMcKenna Prof. Nurit Peled-Elhanan telefax: ++972-(0)2-5700112 Mobile: ++972-(0)547-578703 Subject: Israeli woman faces jail for refusing to serve in IDF over Palestinian kids, occupation — RT News https://www.
rt.com/news/330541-israeli-woman-kaminer-idf-prison/ The movement for Palestinian rights grows more creative and dynamic every day, yielding so many achievements that it can be hard to keep up! At the US Campaign, we maintain a growing list of boycott, divestment, and sanctions (BDS) victories nationwide, which total more than 150 to date! Visit www.endtheoccupation.org/usbdsvictories for the inspiring list of BDS breakthroughs!
Distinct Vital Artwork Concepts have advanced comprehensive distinctive eras, together with the modifying artists' perceptions of processing, examining, and responding to numerous artwork varieties. Their innovative expressions are already explored by their development, overall performance, and participation in arts. Every single historic period has presented novel contribution of historic and cultural contexts for building the key Arts Fundamentals of the suitable period of time. Visible Arts aid artists assimilate the true secret Arts Principles of Symmetry, Colour, Pattern, Contrast as well as discrepancies amongst 1 or maybe more features from the composition. The important thing Art Principles of Visible Arts assistance have an understanding of and distinguish involving the scale like, Symmetry & Asymmetry, Positive & Negative Space, Light & Dark, Solid & Transparent, and Large & Small.See Also: Bushwick Street Art Map
Artwork plays a vibrant role in the personal life of your individual as well as from the social and economic development from the nation. The study of Visible arts encourages personal development and also the awareness of both our cultural heritage and also the role of artwork while in the society. The learner acquires personal knowledge, skills and competencies through activities in Visual arts. When one studies Visible arts, he/she would come to appreciate or recognize that art is an integral part of everyday life.
"Oakland" redirects here. For other uses, see Oakland (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Auckland or Aukland. Oakland, California Charter city City of Oakland Oakland skyline, with the old eastern span of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge in background Flag Seal Coat of arms Wordmark Nickname(s): "Oaktown", "The Town" Motto(s): "Love life" Location in Alameda County and the U.
S. state of California Oakland, California Location in the United States Coordinates: 37°48′16″N 122°16′15″W / 37.80444°N 122.27083°WCoordinates: 37°48′16″N 122°16′15″W / 37.80444°N 122.27083°W Country United States State California County Alameda Region San Francisco Bay Area Incorporated May 4, 1852 Named for The large oak forest that originally covered the area.
 Government • Type Strong mayor • Mayor Libby Schaaf (D) • State senator Nancy Skinner (D) • Assemblymembers Tony Thurmond (D) andRob Bonta (D) • U. S. rep. Barbara Lee (D) Area • Total 77.86 sq mi (201.66 km2) • Land 55.89 sq mi (144.76 km2) • Water 21.97 sq mi (56.90 km2) 28.48% Elevation 43 ft (13 m) Population (2010) • Total 390,724 • Estimate (2016) 420,005 • Rank 1st in Alameda County8th in California45th in the United States • Density 7,514.
45/sq mi (2,901.34/km2) Demonym(s) Oaklander Time zone Pacific (UTC−8) • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7) ZIP codes 94601–94615, 94617–94624, 94649, 94659–94662, 94666 Area code 510 FIPS code 06-53000 GNIS feature IDs 277566, 2411292 Website www.oaklandnet.com Oakland is the largest city and the county seat of Alameda County, California, United States. A major West Coast port city, Oakland is the largest city in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, the third largest city overall in the San Francisco Bay Area, the eighth most populated city in California, and the 45th largest city in the United States.
With a population of 419,267 as of 2015, it serves as a trade center for the San Francisco Bay Area; its Port of Oakland is the busiest port in the San Francisco Bay, the entirety of Northern California, and the fifth busiest in the United States of America. The city was incorporated in 1852. Oakland's territory covers what was once a mosaic of California coastal terrace prairie, oak woodland, and north coastal scrub.
Its land served as a rich resource when its hillside oak and redwood timber were logged to build San Francisco, and Oakland's fertile flatland soils helped it become a prolific agricultural region. In the late 1860s, Oakland was selected as the western terminal of the Transcontinental Railroad. Following the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, many San Francisco citizens moved to Oakland, enlarging the city's population, increasing its housing stock and improving its infrastructure.
This is also the time when plague cases were discovered in Oakland and the East Bay. It continued to grow in the 20th century with its busy port, shipyards, and a thriving automobile manufacturing industry. Oakland is known for its sustainability practices, including a top-ranking for usage of electricity from renewable resources. Oakland is also known for its history of political activism, as well as its professional sports franchises (such as the Oakland Raiders, Oakland Athletics and the Golden State Warriors) and major corporations, which include health care, dot-com companies, and manufacturers of household products.
History See also: History of Oakland, California and Timeline of Oakland, California Pre-incorporation The earliest known inhabitants were the Huchiun Indians, who lived there for thousands of years. The Huchiun belonged to a linguistic grouping later called the Ohlone (a Miwok word meaning "western people"). In Oakland, they were concentrated around Lake Merritt and Temescal Creek, a stream that enters the San Francisco Bay at Emeryville.
In 1772, the area that later became Oakland was claimed, with the rest of California, by Spanish settlers for the King of Spain. In the early 19th century, the Spanish crown granted the East Bay area to Luis María Peralta for his Rancho San Antonio. The grant was confirmed by the successor Mexican republic upon its independence from Spain. Upon his death in 1842, Peralta divided his land among his four sons.
Most of Oakland fell within the shares given to Antonio Maria and Vicente. The portion of the parcel that is now Oakland was called encinal—Spanish for "oak grove"—due to the large oak forest that covered the area, which eventually led to the city's name. Development of Chinatown During the 1850s just as Gold was discovered in California; Oakland started growing and developing because land was becoming too expensive in San Francisco.
 The Chinese were struggling financially, as a result of the First Opium War, Second Opium War and the Taiping Rebellion, so they began migrating to Oakland in an effort to provide for their families in China. However, the Chinese struggled to settle because they were discriminated by the white community and their living quarters got burned down on several occasions. The majority of the Chinese migrants lived in unhealthy conditions in China and they often had diseases, so Plague spread into San Francisco even though the Chinese were thoroughly inspected for diseases upon their arrival to San Francisco.
 City beginnings 1857 Map of Oakland In 1851, three men—Horace Carpentier, Edson Adams, and Andrew Moon—began developing what is now downtown Oakland. On May 4, 1852, the Town of Oakland incorporated. Two years later, on March 25, 1854, Oakland re-incorporated as the City of Oakland, with Horace Carpentier elected the first mayor, though a scandal ended his mayorship in less than a year.
The city and its environs quickly grew with the railroads, becoming a major rail terminal in the late 1860s and 1870s. In 1868, the Central Pacific constructed the Oakland Long Wharf at Oakland Point, the site of today's Port of Oakland. A number of horsecar and cable car lines were constructed in Oakland during the latter half of the 19th century. The first electric streetcar set out from Oakland to Berkeley in 1891, and other lines were converted and added over the course of the 1890s.
The various streetcar companies operating in Oakland were acquired by Francis "Borax" Smith and consolidated into what eventually became known as the Key System, the predecessor of today's publicly owned AC Transit. 1900–1950s Plague Epidemic Oakland was one of the worst effected cities in California that was impacted by the plague epidemic. Quarantine measures were set in place at the Oakland ports requiring the authorities at the port to inspect the arriving vessels for the presence of infected rats.
 Quarantine authorities at these ports inspected over a thousand vessels per year for plague and yellow fever. By 1908, over 5,000 people were detained in quarantine. Hunters were sent to poison the affected areas in Oakland and shoot the squirrels, but the eradication work was limited in its range because the State Board of Health and the United States Public Health Service were only allotted about $60,000 a year to eradicate the disease.
During this period Oakland did not have sufficient health facilities, so some of the infected patients were treated at home. The State Board of Health along with Oakland also advised the Physicians to promptly report any cases of infected patients. Yet, in 1919 it still resulted in a small epidemic of Pneumonic plague which killed a dozen people in Oakland. This started when a man went hunting in Contra Costa Valley and killed a squirrel.
After eating the squirrel, he fell ill four days later and another household member contracted the plague. This in turn was passed on either directly or indirectly to about a dozen others.The officials in Oakland acted quickly by issuing death certificates to monitor the spread of plague. Incorporation One day's output of 1917 Chevrolet automobiles at their major West Coast plant, now the location of Eastmont Town Center At the time of incorporation, Oakland consisted of the territory that lay south of today's major intersection of San Pablo Avenue, Broadway, and Fourteenth Street.
The city gradually annexed farmlands and settlements to the east and the north. Oakland's rise to industrial prominence, and its subsequent need for a seaport, led to the digging of a shipping and tidal channel in 1902. This resulted in the nearby town of Alameda being made an island. In 1906, the city's population doubled with refugees made homeless after the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire.
In 1916, General Motors opened an automobile factory in East Oakland called Oakland Assembly. It produced Chevrolet cars and then GMC trucks until 1963, when it was moved to Fremont in southern Alameda County. Also in 1916, the Fageol Motor Company chose East Oakland for their first factory, manufacturing farming tractors from 1918 to 1923. By 1920, Oakland was the home of numerous manufacturing industries, including metals, canneries, bakeries, internal combustion engines, automobiles, and shipbuilding.
 By 1929, when Chrysler expanded with a new plant there, Oakland had become known as the "Detroit of the West," referring to the major auto manufacturing center in Michigan. Oakland expanded during the 1920s, as its population expanded with factory workers. Approximately 13,000 homes were built in the 3 years between 1921 and 1924, more than during the 13 years between 1907 and 1920. Many of the large downtown office buildings, apartment buildings, and single-family houses still standing in Oakland were built during the 1920s; they reflect the architectural styles of the time.
In 1924, the Tribune Tower was completed; in 1976, it was restored and declared an Oakland landmark. It is no longer used by the Oakland Tribune. Russell Clifford Durant established Durant Field at 82nd Avenue and East 14th Street in 1916. The first transcontinental airmail flight finished its journey at Durant Field on August 9, 1920, flown by Army Capt. Eddie Rickenbacker and Navy Lt. Bert Acosta.
 Durant Field was often called Oakland Airport, though the current Oakland International Airport was soon established four miles (6.4 km) to the southwest. During World War II, the East Bay Area was home to many war-related industries. Oakland's Moore Dry Dock Company expanded its shipbuilding capabilities and built over 100 ships. Valued at $100 million in 1943, Oakland's canning industry was its second-most-valuable war contribution after shipbuilding.
The largest canneries were in the Fruitvale District, and included the Josiah Lusk Canning Company, the Oakland Preserving Company (which started the Del Monte brand), and the California Packing Company. President Franklin D. Roosevelt called on defense industries with government contracts to integrate their workforces and provide opportunities for all Americans. Tens of thousands of laborers came from around the country, especially poor whites and blacks from the Deep South: Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas, as well as Missouri and Tennessee.
Henry J. Kaiser's representatives recruited sharecroppers and tenant farmers from rural areas to work in his shipyards. African Americans were part of the Great Migration by which five million persons left the South, mostly for the West, from 1940 to 1970. White migrants from the Jim Crow South carried their racial attitudes, causing tensions to rise among black and white workers competing for the better-paying jobs in the Bay Area.
The racial harmony Oakland blacks had been accustomed to prior to the war evaporated. Also migrating to the area during this time were many Mexican Americans from southwestern states such as New Mexico, Texas, and Colorado. Many worked for the Southern Pacific Railroad, at its major rail yard in West Oakland. Their young men encountered hostility and discrimination by Armed Forces personnel, and tensions broke out in "zoot suit riots" in downtown Oakland in 1943 in the wake of a major disturbance in Los Angeles that year.
 View of Lake Merritt looking southwest from the northeastern tip of the lake In 1946, National City Lines (NCL), a General Motors holding company, acquired 64% of Key System stock; during the next several years NCL engaged in the conspiratorial dissolution of Oakland's electric streetcar system. The city's expensive electric streetcar fleet was converted to the cheaper diesel buses. The state Legislature created the Alameda and Contra Costa Transit District in 1955, which operates today as AC Transit, the third-largest bus-only transit system in the nation.
 Soon after the war, as Oakland's shipbuilding industry declined and the automobile industry went through restructuring, many jobs were lost. Economic competition increased racial tension. In addition, labor unrest increased as workers struggled to protect their livelihoods. Oakland was the center of a general strike during the first week of December 1946, one of six cities across the country that had such a strike after World War II.
 1960–1999 In 1960, Kaiser Corporation opened its new headquarters; it was the largest skyscraper in Oakland, as well as "the largest office tower west of Chicago" up to that time. In the postwar period, suburban development increased around Oakland, and wealthier residents moved to new housing. Despite the major increases in the number and proportion of African Americans in the city, in 1966 only 16 of the city's 661 police officers were black.
Tensions between the black community and the largely white police force were high, as expectations during the civil rights era increased to gain social justice and equality before the law. Police abuse of blacks was common. Students Huey Newton and Bobby Seale founded the Black Panther Party at Merritt College to emphasize black power and taking care of their own community. Among their social programs were feeding children and providing other services to the needy.
 During the 1970s, Oakland began to suffer serious violence and other problems related to gang-controlled dealing of heroin and cocaine when drug kingpin Felix Mitchell created the nation's first large-scale operation of this kind. Both violent crime and property crime increased during this period, and Oakland's murder rate rose to twice that. As in many other American cities during the 1980s, crack cocaine became a serious problem in Oakland.
Drug dealing in general, and the dealing of crack cocaine in particular, resulted in elevated rates of violent crime, causing Oakland to consistently be listed as one of America's most crime-ridden cities. In 1980 Oakland's black population reached its 20th-century peak at approximately 47% of the overall city population. The 6.9 Mw Loma Prieta earthquake occurred on October 17, 1989. The rupture was related to the San Andreas fault system and affected the entire San Francisco Bay Area with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent).
Many structures in Oakland were badly damaged including the double-decker portion of Interstate 880 that collapsed. The eastern span of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge also sustained damage and was closed to traffic for one month. On October 20, 1991, a massive firestorm swept down from the Berkeley/Oakland hills above the Caldecott Tunnel. Twenty-five people were killed, 150 people were injured, and nearly 4,000 homes destroyed.
With the loss of life and an estimated economic loss of US$1.5 billion, this was the worst urban firestorm in American history, until 2017. During the mid-1990s, Oakland's economy began to recover as it transitioned to new types of jobs. In addition, the city participated in large development and urban renewal projects, concentrated especially in the downtown area, at the Port of Oakland, and at the Oakland International Airport.
 2000s Oak Tree growing in Frank H. Ogawa Plaza After his 1999 inauguration, Oakland Mayor Jerry Brown continued his predecessor Elihu Harris' public policy of supporting downtown housing development in the area defined as the Central Business District in Oakland's 1998 General Plan. Brown's plan and other redevelopment projects were controversial due to potential rent increases and gentrification, which would displace lower-income residents from downtown Oakland into outlying neighborhoods and cities.
 Due to allegations of misconduct by the Oakland Police Department, the City of Oakland has paid claims for a total of US$57 million during the 2001–2011 timeframe to plaintiffs claiming police abuse; this is the largest sum paid by any city in California. On October 10, 2011, protesters and civic activists began "Occupy Oakland" demonstrations at Frank Ogawa Plaza in Downtown Oakland. Geography Aerial view of Downtown Oakland is in the eastern region of the San Francisco Bay.
In 1991 the City Hall tower was at 37°48′19″N 122°16′21″W / 37.805302°N 122.272539°W (NAD83). (The building still exists, but like the rest of the Bay Area, it has shifted northwest perhaps 0.6 meters in the last twenty years.) The United States Census Bureau says the city's total area is 78.0 square miles (202 km2), including 55.8 square miles (145 km2) of land and 22.2 square miles (57 km2) (28.
48 percent) of water. Oakland's highest point is near Grizzly Peak Blvd, east of Berkeley, just over 1,760 feet (540 m) above sea level at about 37°52′43″N 122°13′27″W / 37.8786°N 122.2241°W. Oakland has 19 miles (31 km) of shoreline, but Radio Beach is the only beach in Oakland. Oaklanders refer to their city's terrain as "the flatlands" and "the hills". Until recent waves of gentrification, these terms also symbolized Oakland's deep economic divide, with "the hills" being more affluent communities.
About two-thirds of Oakland lies in the flat plain of the East Bay, with one-third rising into the foothills and hills of the East Bay range. Ruptures along the nearby San Andreas Fault caused severe earth movement in the San Francisco Bay Area in 1906 and 1989. San Andreas quakes induces creep (movement occurring on earthquake faults) in the Hayward fault, which runs directly through Oakland, Berkeley, San Jose and other Bay Area cities.
 Cityscape Neighborhoods Main article: List of neighborhoods in Oakland, California The north end of the Adams Point district, as seen from Lakeshore Avenue on the east shore of the Lake Upper Rockridge Oakland has more than 50 distinct neighborhoods. The city's greater divisions include downtown Oakland and its greater Central Business District, Lake Merritt, East Oakland, North Oakland, West Oakland, and the Oakland Hills.
East Oakland, which includes the East Oakland Hills, encompasses more than half of Oakland's land area, stretching from Lakeshore Avenue on the east shore of Lake Merritt southeast to the San Leandro border. North Oakland encompasses the neighborhoods between downtown and Berkeley and Emeryville. West Oakland is the area between downtown and the Bay, partially surrounded by the Oakland Point, and encompassing the Port of Oakland.
In 2011, Oakland was ranked the 10th most walkable city in the United States. Lake Merritt, an urban estuary near downtown, is a mix of fresh and salt water draining in and out from the Oakland Harbor at the San Francisco Bay and one of Oakland's most notable features. It was designated the United States' first official wildlife refuge in 1870. Originally a marsh-lined wildlife haven, Lake Merritt was dredged and bordered with parks from the 1890s to the 1910s.
Despite this reduction in habitat, Oakland is home to a number of rare and endangered species, many of which are localized to serpentine soils and bedrock. Lake Merritt is surrounded by residential and business districts, including downtown and Grand Lake. Lake Merritt, towards the southern end The city of Piedmont, incorporated in Oakland's central foothills after the 1906 earthquake, is a small independent city surrounded by the city of Oakland.
Climate and vegetation Oakland has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate with an average of 260 sunny days per year. Lake Merritt, a large estuary centrally located east of Downtown, was announced as the United States' first official wildlife refuge. Based on data gathered by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Oakland is ranked No. 1 in climate among U.S. cities. Oakland's climate is typified by the temperate and seasonal Mediterranean climate.
Summers are usually dry and warm and winters are mild and damp. It has features found in both nearby coastal cities such as San Francisco and inland cities such as San Jose, making it warmer than San Francisco and cooler than San Jose. Its position on San Francisco Bay across from the Bay Bridge means the northern part of the city can have cooling maritime fog. It is far enough inland the fog often burns off by midday, allowing it to have typically sunny California days.
The hills tend to have more fog than the flatlands, as the fog drifts down from Berkeley. The U.S. Weather Bureau kept weather records in downtown Oakland from October 4, 1894, to July 31, 1958. During that time, the record high temperature was 104 °F (40 °C) on June 24, 1957, and the record low temperature was 24 °F (−4 °C) on January 23, 1949. Dry, warm offshore "Diablo" winds (similar to the Santa Ana winds of Southern California) sometimes occur, especially in fall, and raise the fire danger.
In 1991, such an episode allowed the catastrophic Oakland Hills fire to spread and consume many homes. The wettest year was 1940 with 38.65 inches (982 mm) and the driest year was 1910 with 12.02 inches (305 mm). The most rainfall in one month was 15.35 inches (390 mm) in January 1911. The most rainfall in 24 hours was 4.27 inches (108 mm) on February 12, 1904. Rainfall near the bayfront is only 23 inches (580 mm), but is higher in the Oakland Hills to the east (up to 30 inches [760 mm]).
The higher rainfall in the hills supports woods of oak, madrona, pine, fir and a few redwood groves in the wetter areas. Before being logged in the 19th century, some of the tallest redwood trees in California (used for navigation by ships entering the Golden Gate) may have stood in the Oakland Hills. One old stump 30 feet (9.1 m) in diameter can be seen near Redwood Regional Park. Sunny, drier slopes are grassy or covered in scattered oaks and chaparral brush.
Australian eucalyptus trees have been extensively planted in many areas, as they come from a similar climate. The National Weather Service today has two official weather stations in Oakland: Oakland International Airport and the Oakland Museum (established 1970). Climate data for Oakland Museum (1981–2010 normals) Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °F (°C) 78 (26) 81 (27) 88 (31) 97 (36) 105 (41) 106 (41) 103 (39) 99 (37) 109 (43) 103 (39) 84 (29) 75 (24) 109 (43) Average high °F (°C) 58.
1 (14.5) 61.6 (16.4) 63.9 (17.7) 66.3 (19.1) 68.7 (20.4) 71.5 (21.9) 72.0 (22.2) 73.0 (22.8) 74.1 (23.4) 71.7 (22.1) 64.6 (18.1) 58.3 (14.6) 67.0 (19.4) Average low °F (°C) 44.3 (6.8) 46.8 (8.2) 48.5 (9.2) 50.0 (10) 52.7 (11.5) 55.0 (12.8) 56.2 (13.4) 57.5 (14.2) 57.1 (13.9) 54.4 (12.4) 49.1 (9.5) 44.7 (7.1) 51.4 (10.8) Record low °F (°C) 30 (−1) 29 (−2) 34 (1) 37 (3) 43 (6) 48 (9) 51 (11) 50 (10) 48 (9) 43 (6) 36 (2) 26 (−3) 26 (−3) Average rainfall inches (mm) 4.
71 (119.6) 4.50 (114.3) 3.39 (86.1) 1.42 (36.1) 0.77 (19.6) 0.12 (3) Trace 0.06 (1.5) 0.25 (6.4) 1.37 (34.8) 2.89 (73.4) 4.48 (113.8) 23.96 (608.6) Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.8 10.5 10.6 5.9 3.4 1.0 0.1 0.4 1.2 3.6 7.9 10.4 65.8 Source: NOAA (extremes 1970–present) Demographics Historical population Census Pop. %± 1860 1,543 — 1870 10,500 580.5% 1880 34,555 229.1% 1890 48,682 40.
9% 1900 66,960 37.5% 1910 150,174 124.3% 1920 216,261 44.0% 1930 284,063 31.4% 1940 302,163 6.4% 1950 384,575 27.3% 1960 367,548 −4.4% 1970 361,561 −1.6% 1980 339,337 −6.1% 1990 372,242 9.7% 2000 399,484 7.3% 2010 390,724 −2.2% Est. 2016 420,005  7.5% U.S. Decennial Census Race and ethnicity Map of racial distribution in San Francisco Bay Area, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: White, Black, Asian Hispanic, or Other (yellow) Racial composition 2010 1990 1970 1940 White 34.
5% 32.5% 59.1% 95.3% —Non-Hispanic 25.9% 28.3% 52.0% n/a Black or African American 28.0% 43.9% 34.5% 2.8% Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 25.4% 13.9% 7.6% n/a Asian 16.8% 14.8% 4.8% – The 2010 United States Census reported Oakland had a population of 390,724. The population density was 5,009.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,934.1/km2). The racial makeup of Oakland was 134,925 (34.5%) White (non-Hispanic White 25.
9%), 129,471 (34.0%) African American, 3,040 (0.8%) Native American, 65,811 (16.8%) Asian (8.7% Chinese, 2.2% Vietnamese, 1.6% Filipino, 0.7% Cambodian, 0.7% Laotian, 0.6% Korean, 0.5% Japanese, 0.5% Indian, 0.1% Mongolian), 2,222 (0.6%) Pacific Islander (0.3% Tongan), 53,378 (13.7%) from other races, and 21,877 (5.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 99,068 persons (25.4%).
18.1% of the population were of Mexican descent, 1.9% Salvadoran, 1.3% Guatemalan, and 0.7% Puerto Rican. Demographic profile 2010 Total Population 390,724 – 100% One Race 368,847 – 94% Not Hispanic or Latino 291,656 – 75% Black or African American alone 129,471 – 34% White 101,308 – 26% American Indian and Alaska Native alone 1,214 – 0.3% Asian alone 65,127 – 17% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 2,081 – 0.
5% Some other race alone 1,213 – 0.3% Two or more races alone 14,076 – 3.6% Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 99,068 – 25.4% Educational attainment and income Oakland has the fifth largest cluster of "elite zip codes" ranked by the number of households with the highest combination of income and education. 37.9% of residents over 25 years of age have bachelor's degree or higher. Oakland ranked among the top cities with residents with bachelor's degrees and graduate degrees per square mile.
 Oakland ranks in the top 20 of American cities in median household income, with a 2012 value of US$51,863. In 2012, the median income for a household in the city was US$51,863 and the median income for a family was US$59,459. The mean income for a household was US$77,888 and the mean income for a family was US$90,948. Males had a median income of US$50,140 versus US$50,304 for females. The unemployment rate as of December 2013 was 9.
7%. In 2007 approximately 15.3 percent of families and 17.0 percent of the general population were below the poverty line, including 27.9 percent of those under age 18 and 13.1 percent of those age 65 or over. 0.7% of the population is homeless. Home ownership is 41% and 14% of rental units are subsidized. As of the census of 2000, 19.4% of the population and 16.2% of families were below the poverty line.
Out of the total population, 27.9% of those under the age of 18 and 13.1% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. Households The census reported 382,586 people (97.9% of the population) lived in households, 5,675 (1.5%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 2,463 (0.6%) were institutionalized. There were 153,791 households, out of which 44,762 (29.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 50,797 (33.
0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 24,122 (15.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 8,799 (5.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 11,289 (7.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 3,442 (2.2%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 52,103 households (33.9%) were made up of individuals and 13,778 (9.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.49. There were 83,718 families (54.4% of all households); the average family size was 3.27. The population was spread out with 83,120 people (21.3%) under the age of 18, 36,272 people (9.3%) aged 18 to 24, 129,139 people (33.1%) aged 25 to 44, 98,634 people (25.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 43,559 people (11.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.2 years.
For every 100 females, there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males. There were 169,710 housing units at an average density of 2,175.7 per square mile (840.0/km2), of which 63,142 (41.1%) were owner-occupied, and 90,649 (58.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 8.5%. 166,662 people (42.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 215,924 people (55.
3%) lived in rental housing units. Shifting of cultures Oakland is one of the most ethnically diverse major cities in the country. Oakland was ranked the fourth most diverse city in the United States, with an overall diversity score of 91.4. The city's formerly most populous ethnic group, whites, declined from 95.3% in 1940 to 32.5% by 1990, due to a combination of factors, such as suburbanization.
Oakland became a destination for African Americans in the Great Migration during and after World War II as they gained high-paying jobs in the defense industry. Since the 1960s, Oakland has been known as a center of Northern California's African-American community. Oakland's black population decreased by nearly 25 percent between 2000 and 2010. The city's demographics have changed due to a combination of rising housing prices associated with gentrification and with blacks relocating to better housing in Bay Area suburbs or moving to the Southern United States in a reverse migration, where conditions are considered to have improved.
 Blacks have formed a plurality in Oakland for many years, peaking in 1980 at about 47% of the population. In the 2010 census African Americans maintained their status as Oakland's single largest ethnic group, with 27% of the population, followed by non-Hispanic whites at 25.9%, and Hispanics of any race at 25.4%. Ethnic Asians constitute 17%, followed by smaller minority groups. Recent trends and cultural shifts have led to a decline among some of Oakland's longstanding black institutions, such as churches, businesses and nightclubs, which had developed during the growing years of the 1950s through 1970.
 Some long-time black residents have been dismayed at the population changes. Many immigrants have settled in the city. In recent years, immigrants and others have marched by the thousands down Oakland's International Boulevard in support of legal reforms benefiting illegal immigrants. An analysis by the Urban Institute of U.S. Census 2000 numbers showed Oakland had the third-highest concentration of gays and lesbians among the 50 largest U.
S. cities, behind San Francisco and Seattle. Census data showed, among incorporated places that have at least 500 female couples, Oakland had the nation's largest proportion. In the 2000 census, 2,650 lesbian couples identified as such in Oakland; one in every 41 Oakland couples identified as a same-sex female partnership. Economy The iconic Tribune Tower, from 13th St. and Franklin St.
in Downtown Further information: List of companies based in Oakland, California Oakland is a major West Coast port, and the fifth busiest in the United States by cargo volume. The Port of Oakland handles 99% of all containerized goods moving through Northern California, representing $41 billion worth of international trade. There are nearly 200,000 jobs related to marine cargo transport in the Oakland area.
 These jobs range from minimum wage hourly positions to Transportation Storage and Distribution Managers who earn an annual average salary of US$91,520. The Port of Oakland was an early innovator/pioneer in the technologies of Intermodal Containerized Shipping. The city is also home to several major corporations including Kaiser Permanente, Clorox, and Dreyer's ice cream, and retailer Cost Plus World Markets.
 Tech companies such as Ask.com and Pandora Radio are in Oakland, and in recent years many start-up high tech and green energy companies have found a home in the downtown neighborhoods of Uptown, City Center, Jack London Square and Lake Merritt Financial District. In 2014, Oakland was the fifth ranked city for tech entrepreneurs by total venture capital investment. In 2015 Uber announced plans to build and house 3,000 employees in a new office at the site of the old Sears building, which is being redeveloped with plans to open in late 2017.
 As of 2013, the San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward metropolitan area has a gross domestic product (GDP) of US$360.4 billion, ranking eighth among metropolitan areas in the United States. In 2014, Oakland was amongst the best cities to start a career, the highest ranked city in California after San Francisco. Additionally, Oakland ranked fourth in cities with professional opportunities. Numerous companies in San Francisco continue to expand in or migrate over to Oakland.
 Oakland experienced an increase of both its population and of land values in the early-to-mid first decade of the 21st century. The 10k Plan, which began during former mayor Elihu Harris' administration, and intensified during former mayor Jerry Brown's administration resulted in several thousand units of new multi-family housing and development. Top employers As of 2015, the top employers in the city were: # Employer # of Employees 1 Kaiser Permanente 9,992 2 Oakland Unified School District 6,637 3 County of Alameda 5,312 4 City of Oakland 3,352 5 Bay Area Rapid Transit 3,210 6 State of California 3,169 7 Children's Hospital Oakland 2,800 8 Alameda Health System 2,300 9 United Parcel Service 2,200 10 Southwest Airlines 2,113 Tourism View from Tribune Tower at night In 2013, over 2.
5 million people visited Oakland, injecting US$1.3 billion into the economy. Oakland has been experiencing an increase in hotel demand. Occupancy is 74%, while RevPAR (Revenue Per Available Room) increased by 14%, the highest increase of any big city in the western region of the United States. Both Oakland and San Francisco were forecasted to experience the highest increases in ADR (Average daily rate).
 In recent years, Oakland has gained national recognition as a travel destination. In 2012, Oakland was named the top North American city to visit, highlighting its growing number of sophisticated restaurants and bars, top music venues, and increasing nightlife appeal. Oakland also took the No. 16 spot in "America's Coolest Cities," ranked by metrics like entertainment options and recreational opportunities per capita, etc.
 In 2013, Oakland topped the No. 1 spot in "America's Most Exciting Cities," notably having the most movie theaters, theater companies, and museums per square mile. In "America's Most Hipster Cities," Oakland took the number-5 spot, cited for luring San Francisco "hippies" into the city. Oakland has also increased its travel destination allure internationally. Arts and culture Oakland has a significant art scene and claims the highest concentration of artists per capita in the United States.
 In 2013, Oakland was designated as one of America's top twelve art communities, recognizing Downtown (including Uptown), Chinatown, Old Oakland, and Jack London Square as communities "that have most successfully combined art, artists and venues for creativity and expression with independent businesses, retail shops and restaurants, and a walkable lifestyle to make vibrant neighborhoods."  Galleries exist in various parts of Oakland, with the newest additions centered mostly in the Uptown area.
Oakland ranked 11th in cities for designers and artists. The city is a renowned culinary hotbed, offering both a wide variety and innovative approaches to diverse cuisines in restaurants and markets, often featuring locally grown produce and international styles such as French, Italian, Iberian, Asian, Hispanic/Latino, African-Caribbean, Southern/French African-American fusions, etc. that reflect the city's ethnically diverse population.
Historically a focal point of the West Coast blues and jazz scenes, Oakland is also home to musicians representing such genres as rhythm and blues, gospel, funk, punk, heavy metal, Rap/Gangsta rap, and hip hop. Attractions Frank H. Ogawa Memorial Torii at the Gardens of Lake Merritt African American Museum and Library at Oakland All Out Comedy Theater AXIS Dance Company Chabot Space and Science Center Children's Fairyland Chinatown Dunsmuir House Fox Oakland Theatre, concert venue Jack London Square Joaquin Miller Park Lake Merritt, Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, oldest wildlife/bird sanctuary in North America, Lake Merritt Garden Center, Bonsai Garden Lake Temescal Mountain View Cemetery, designed by Frederick Law Olmsted and resting place of many famous Californians Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum, home of baseball's Oakland Athletics, and the Oakland Raiders of the NFL Oakland Aviation Museum Oakland Museum of California Oakland Public Library Oakland Symphony Oakland Zoo Oracle Arena, directly adjacent to the Oakland Coliseum, home to the Golden State Warriors of the NBA Paramount Theatre Pardee Home Peralta Hacienda Historical Park, Museum of History and Culture Redwood Regional Park Preservation Park USS Potomac, Franklin D.
Roosevelt's presidential yacht Nightlife A night view of the Downtown skyline and Lakeside Apartments District as seen from the East 18th Street Pier Downtown Oakland has an assortment of bars and nightclubs. They include dive bars, dance clubs, modern lounges and jazz bars. The Paramount Theater features headlining musical tours and productions, while Fox Oakland Theatre draws various musical genres including jam bands, rock, punk, blues, jazz, and reggae.
The Paramount and Fox theaters often book simultaneous events, creating busy nights uptown. In 2012, Oakland was dubbed a "New Sin City", following its 2010 decision to relax its cabaret laws, which gave a boost to its nightclub and bar scene. Recent years have seen the growth of the Oakland Art Murmur event, occurring in the Uptown neighborhood the first Friday evening of every month. The event attracts around 20,000 people along twenty city blocks, featuring live performances, food trucks, and over 30 galleries and venues.
 "There is no there there" The HERETHERE sculpture straddling the Oakland-Berkeley border Gertrude Stein wrote about Oakland in her 1937 book Everybody's Autobiography "There is no there there," upon learning that the neighborhood where she lived as a child had been torn down to make way for an industrial park. The quote is sometimes misconstrued to refer to Oakland as a whole. Modern-day Oakland has made steps to rebuke Stein's claim with a statue downtown titled "There.
" In 2005 a sculpture called HERETHERE was installed by the City of Berkeley on the Berkeley-Oakland border at Martin Luther King Jr. Way. The sculpture consists of eight-foot-tall letters spelling "HERE" and "THERE" in front of the BART tracks as they descend from their elevated section in Oakland to the subway through Berkeley. Sports Oakland has professional teams in three sports: baseball, basketball, and football.
The Oakland Athletics MLB club won three consecutive World Series championships in 1972, 1973, and 1974, and appeared in another three consecutive World Series from 1988 to 1990, winning their fourth championship in 1989. The Golden State Warriors won the 1974–75, 2014–15, and 2016–17 NBA championships, while losing in 2016. The Oakland Raiders of the NFL won Super Bowl XI in 1977, Super Bowl XV in 1981, and Super Bowl XVIII in 1984, while they were in Los Angeles.
They also appeared in Super Bowl II in 1968 and Super Bowl XXXVII in 2003. The Raiders left Oakland for Los Angeles in 1982, where they won a third Super Bowl championship and returned to Oakland in 1995. The Warriors announced in April 2014 that they will leave Oakland once their new arena is built across the Bay in San Francisco, while the Raiders are in the process of relocating to Las Vegas. On March 27, 2017, it was confirmed the Raiders would be moving to Las Vegas.
Later in 2017, the Athletics announced plans to build a new ballpark in the Peralta district near Laney College. Club Sport Founded League Venue Oakland Athletics Baseball 1901 (in Oakland since 1968) Major League Baseball Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum Oakland Raiders Football 1960 (in San Francisco 1960–1961 and Los Angeles 1982–1994) National Football League Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum Golden State Warriors Basketball 1946 (in San Jose in 1996–97) National Basketball Association Oracle Arena The Oakland Coliseum, home of the Oakland Athletics baseball and Oakland Raiders football teams Oakland's former sports teams include: Oakland Oaks, Pacific Coast League of Baseball, 1903–1955.
(The Oaks played at Oaks Park in Emeryville after 1912.) Oakland Larks, West Coast Negro Baseball League, 1946. Oakland Hornets, member of American Football League (1944) Oakland Oaks, American Basketball League, 1962. Oakland Oaks, American Basketball Association, 1967–1969. Oakland Seals, National Hockey League, 1967–1976. Oakland Clippers, National Professional Soccer League, 1967; North American Soccer League, 1968.
Oakland Stompers, North American Soccer League, 1978. Oakland Invaders, United States Football League, 1983–1985. Oakland Skates, Roller Hockey International, 1993–1996. Oakland Slammers, International Basketball League, 2005–2006. Parks and recreation J. Mora Moss House in Mosswood Park was built in 1864 by San Francisco businessman Joseph Moravia Moss in the Carpenter Gothic style. The building houses Parks and Recreation offices and storage.
Parks Oakland has many parks and recreation centers which total 5,937 acres (2,403 ha). In its 2013 ParkScore ranking, The Trust for Public Land, a national land conservation organization, reported that Oakland had the 18th best park system among the 50 most populous U.S. cities. In 2013, Oakland ranked 4th among American cities as an urban destination for nature lovers. Some of the city's most notable parks include: Joaquin Miller Park Joseph Knowland State Arboretum and Park, home of the Oakland Zoo Lake Merritt Morcom Rose Garden best from July through October Mosswood Park Allendale Park Peralta Hacienda Historical Park, headquarters of the Peralta rancho, Rancho San Antonio William Joseph McInnes Botanic Garden and Campus Arboretum on the Mills College campus Additionally, the following seven East Bay Regional Parks are entirely or partially in the city of Oakland: Anthony Chabot Regional Park Huckleberry Botanic Regional Preserve Leona Canyon Regional Open Space Preserve Redwood Regional Park Robert Sibley Volcanic Regional Preserve Roberts Regional Recreation Area Temescal Regional Park French Trail, Redwood Regional Park The Cascade Waterfall, Joaquin Miller Park Places of worship Major places of worship in Oakland include Oakland City Church, First Congregational Church of Oakland, Evangelistic Outreach Center, Green Pastures, the Presbyterian, First Presbyterian Church of Oakland; Greek Orthodox Ascension Cathedral; the Roman Catholic Cathedral of Christ the Light; the United Methodist Chinese Community Church; the Unitarian First Unitarian Church; the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints' Oakland California Temple; the Muslim, 31st Street Islamic Center, Islamic Cultural Center of Northern California, Light-House Mosque; the Reform Jewish Temple Sinai; the Conservative Jewish, Temple Beth Abraham; Allen Temple Baptist Church; and the Orthodox Jewish, Beth Jacob Congregation, American Baptist; Faith Baptist Church of Oakland, St.
Paul Lutheran, His Gospel Christian Fellowship, six Kingdom Halls of Jehovah's Witnesses and St. Vartan Armenian Apostolic Church. Law and government See also: Government of Alameda County, California Oakland City Hall and central plaza in 1917. Built of framed steel with unreinforced masonry infill at a cost of US$2 million in 1914. The structure was the tallest building in the city until the Tribune Tower was built in 1923.
Oakland has a mayor-council government. The mayor is elected at-large for a four-year term. The Oakland City Council has eight council members representing seven districts in Oakland with one member elected at-large and others from single-member districts; council members serve staggered four-year terms. The mayor appoints a city administrator, subject to the confirmation by the City Council, who is the city's chief administrative officer.
Other city officers include: city attorney (elected), city auditor (elected), and city clerk (appointed by city administrator). Oakland's mayor is limited to two terms. There are no term limits for the city council. Council member Larry Reid, also serving as vice-mayor, was elected to a fifth term in November 2012. Oakland City Hall was evacuated after the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake until US$80M seismic retrofit and hazard abatement work was complete in 1995.
 City offices had to be housed in leased space and other locations. Jean Quan was elected mayor in November 2010, beating Don Perata and Rebecca Kaplan in the city's first ranked choice balloting. This new system is intended to increase voters' ability to choose preferred candidates, as they can combine ranked votes when several candidates are competing. Oakland is also part of Alameda County, for which the Government of Alameda County is defined and authorized under the California Constitution, California law, and the Charter of the County of Alameda.
 The County government provides countywide services such as elections and voter registration, law enforcement, jails, vital records, property records, tax collection, public health, and social services. The County government is primarily composed of the elected five-member Board of Supervisors, other elected offices including the Sheriff/Coroner, the District Attorney, Assessor, Auditor-Controller/County Clerk/Recorder, and Treasurer/Tax Collector, and numerous county departments and entities under the supervision of the County Administrator.
In the California State Legislature, Oakland is in the 9th Senate District, represented by Democrat Nancy Skinner, and is split between the 15th and 18th Assembly districts, represented by Tony Thurmond and Rob Bonta, respectively. In the United States House of Representatives, Oakland is in California's 13th congressional district, represented by Democrat Barbara Lee. Politics City Hall next to City Center Oakland was politically conservative from the 1860s to the 1950s, with positions expressed by the Republican-oriented Oakland Tribune newspaper.
At the time, the Republican Party was more moderate than it has become in the 21st century, and some members belonged to a progressive tradition across the Northern Tier of states. In the 1960s, the majority of voters began to favor liberal policies and the Democratic Party. Oakland has the highest percentage of registered Democrats of any of the incorporated cities in Alameda County, with Berkeley coming in a close second.
As of 2009, Oakland has 204,646 registered voters. 140,858 (68.8%) are registered Democrats, 12,248 (5.9%) are registered Republicans, 10,431 (5.2%) are members of other parties and 41,109 (20.1%) decline to state a political affiliation. Oakland is widely regarded as being one of the most liberal major cities in the nation. The Cook Partisan Voting Index of Congressional District 13, which includes Oakland and Berkeley, is D+37, making it the most Democratic congressional district in California and the fourth most Democratic district in the US.
 Crime Main article: Crime in Oakland, California Substantial progress has been made in reducing the city's historically high crime rate. Gun crime is primarily concentrated in certain poor minority neighborhoods with nearly all homicides committed by guns. Oakland's crime rate had begun to escalate during the late 1960s; and by the end of the 1970s, during the drug wars, the city's per capita murder rate had risen to twice that of San Francisco or New York City.
 That dramatic rise in crime may have been affected by the different methods being used to deal with rebellious youth. Prior to 1960, there had been successful government-funded social programs, where workers would work in neighborhoods searching for rebellious teens to enter them in youth centers that would be able to teach them proper values and improve their behavior. But by the late 1960s, the police and Federal Bureau of Investigation(FBI) used military tactics to manage unwanted behavior, with increases in arrests, prosecutions, and imprisonment.
 During the first decade of the 21st century, Oakland has consistently been listed as one of the most dangerous large cities in the United States, but in the latter part of the decade, the homicide rate dropped four years in a row, and violent crime in general had dropped 27%. During 2011 there were increases in both categories. In 2012 Oakland reported 131 homicides, the highest number since 2006, when 148 killings were recorded.
 Since 2012 there have been continued decreases in various categories of crime, including homicides. In 2013, there was a 33% decline in homicides from the previous year, allowing Oakland to record its lowest homicide count since 2004. Aggravated assaults were down 10%; and rapes declined by 27%, the lowest level of that crime in eight years. In its crime statistics released for the year 2016, the Oakland Police Department reported a total of 93 murders.
 That total for 2016 still constitutes a 29% drop in homicides when compared to the city's reported murders for 2012. Oakland's police force has dropped to 612 officers, down from more than 800 in 2009. It is below the 925 recommended by the city's strategic plan. The city has recently started to rebuild its force and recently graduated 34 officers. The Oakland Police Department is committed to improved public safety by increasing police presence during peak crime hours, improving intelligence gathering, and moving more aggressively to arrest violent crime suspects.
 Among Oakland's 35 police patrol beats, violent crime remains a serious problem in specific East and West Oakland neighborhoods. In 2008, homicides were concentrated: 72% occurred in three City Council districts, District 3 in West Oakland and Districts 6 and 7 in East Oakland, although these districts have 44% of Oakland's residents. In 2012, Oakland implemented Operation Ceasefire, a gang violence reduction plan used in other cities, based in part on the research and strategies of author David M.
Kennedy. Education Primary and secondary education The Oakland Unified School District (OUSD), which covers the city except for Sheffield Village, operates most of Oakland's public schools. Due to financial troubles and administrative failures, it was in receivership by the state of California from 2002 to 2008. As of 2015, the Oakland Unified School District includes 86 division-run schools and 32 charter schools; the district also manages several adult education programs.
As of 2015 there are 48,181 K–12 students; among division-run schools, there are 4,600 plus employees. OUSD test scores historically lag behind the rest of California, in particular due to a high proportion of English-language learners. Some individual schools have much better performance than the citywide average. As of 2013, for example, over half the students at Hillcrest Elementary School in the Montclair upper hills neighborhood performed at the "advanced" level in the English portion of the test, and students at Lincoln Elementary School in the Chinatown neighborhood performed at the "advanced" level in the math portion.
 Oakland's three largest public high schools are Oakland High School, Oakland Technical High School, and Skyline High School. There are also numerous small public high schools within Castlemont Community of Small Schools, Fremont Federation of High Schools, and McClymonds Educational Complex, all of which were once single, larger public high schools that were reorganized due to poor performance (Castlemont High School, Fremont High School, and McClymonds High School, respectively).
Among charter schools in the district, North Oakland Community Charter School (NOCCS), an elementary and middle school, is one of the few public progressive schools in the country. Other charter schools include the Oakland Military Institute, Oakland School for the Arts, Bay Area Technology School, and Oakland Charter Academy. There are several private high schools including the secular The College Preparatory School and Head-Royce School, and the Catholic Bishop O'Dowd High School, Holy Names High School and St.
Elizabeth High School. Catholic schools in Oakland are operated by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Oakland also include eight K–8 schools (plus one in Piedmont on the Oakland city border). Northern Light School is a private nonprofit elementary and middle school. Bentley School is an Independent Co-educational K–12, college preparatory school on two campuses in Oakland and Lafayette, California.
Colleges and universities Accredited colleges and universities include: Peralta Community College District Laney College Merritt College California College of the Arts (formerly the California College of Arts and Crafts) Holy Names University (formerly Holy Names College) Lincoln University Mills College (Julia Morgan School for Girls is a private middle school for girls housed on the campus) Patten University Samuel Merritt College (a health science college) Oakland is also the home of the headquarters of the University of California system, the University of California Office of the President.
In 2001, the SFSU Oakland Multimedia Center was opened, allowing San Francisco State University to conduct classes near downtown Oakland. The Oakland Higher Education Consortium and the City of Oakland's Community and Economic Development Agency (CEDA) opened the Oakland Higher Education Center downtown in 2002 to provide "access to multiple higher education service providers within a shared urban facility.
" Member schools include primary user California State University, East Bay as well as Lincoln University, New College of California, Saint Mary's College of California, SFSU Multimedia Studies Program, UC Berkeley Extension, University of Phoenix and Peralta Community College District. Media Main article: List of television stations in the San Francisco Bay Area Oakland is served by major television stations broadcasting primarily out of San Francisco and San Jose.
The region's Fox O&O, KTVU 2, is based in (and licensed to) Oakland at Jack London Square along with co-owned independent station KICU-TV 36 (licensed to San Jose). In addition, the city is served by various AM and FM radio stations as well; AM stations KKSF, KMKY, KNEW and KQKE are licensed to Oakland. Oakland was served by the Oakland Tribune, which published its first newspaper on February 21, 1874.
The Tribune Tower, which features a large clock, is an Oakland landmark. At key times throughout the day (8:00 am, noon and 5:00 pm), the clock tower carillon plays a variety of classic melodies, which change daily. In 2007, the Oakland Tribune moved its offices from the tower to an East Oakland location, before folding in 2011. The East Bay Express, a locally owned free weekly paper, is based in Jack London Square and distributed throughout the East Bay.
Oaklandwiki is a thriving (mostly) English-language LocalWiki. Infrastructure Transportation Air and rail Oakland residents have access to the three major airports of the San Francisco Bay Area: Oakland International Airport, San Francisco International Airport, and San Jose International Airport. Oakland International Airport, within Oakland's city limits, is 4 mi (6.4 km) south of downtown Oakland and serves domestic and international destinations.
AC Transit provides 24-hour service to the airport, and BART's Coliseum–Oakland International Airport automated guideway transit line provides frequent service between the airport and Oakland Coliseum station. The city has regional and long distance passenger train service provided by Amtrak, with stations near Jack London Square and the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum. Amtrak's California Zephyr has its western terminus at the nearby Emeryville station.
Historically, the city was served by several train companies, which terminated in different terminals. Santa Fe trains terminated at the 40th and San Pablo station. Southern Pacific trains ended at the 16th Street Station.Western Pacific trains ended at the 3rd and Washington station. However, a common feature was that the different railroads continued one more stop to a station at Oakland Pier.
 From this latter point passengers would ride ferries to San Francisco. Mass transit and bicycling The Lake Merritt BART station. The most recent census data compiled in 2007 before gasoline price spikes in 2008, show 24.3 percent of Oaklanders used public transportation, walked or used "other means" to commute to work, not including telecommuting, with 17 percent of Oakland households being "car free" and/or statistically categorized as having "no vehicles available.
" Bus transit service in Oakland and the inner East Bay is provided by the Alameda and Contra Costa Transit District, AC Transit. The district originated in 1958 after the conspiratorial dissolution of the Key System of streetcars. Many AC Transit lines follow old routes of the Key System. Intercity bus companies that serve Oakland include Greyhound, BoltBus, Megabus, USAsia, and Hoang Transportation.
 The metropolitan area is served by Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) from eight stations in Oakland. The system has headquarters in Oakland, with major transfer hubs at MacArthur and 19th Street stations. BART's headquarters was in a building above the Lake Merritt BART station until 2006, when it relocated to the Kaiser Center due to seismic safety concerns. The Alameda / Oakland Ferry operates ferry service from Jack London Square to Alameda, AT&T Park, Pier 41, the San Francisco Ferry Building, and the South San Francisco Ferry Terminal.
Oakland licenses taxi cabs, and has zoned cab stands in its downtown, including a bicycle pedi-cab service. The Oakland City Council adopted a Bicycle Master Plan in 1999 as a part of the Land Use and Transportation (LUTE) element of Oakland's 1998 General Plan. In addition, the Oakland City Council reaffirmed the bike plan in 2005 and 2007. Several miles of bike lanes were created as a result of the plan, with more awaiting funding.
Facilities for parking thousands of bicycles have been installed downtown and in other commercial districts throughout Oakland. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2011 American Community Survey, Oakland moved into 7th place in the nation by percentage of people that choose to commute by bike in 2011. Bridges, freeways, and tunnels Oakland is served by several major highways: Eastbound Bay Bridge traffic entering Oakland then splits into three freeways at the MacArthur Maze freeway interchange: Interstate 580 (MacArthur Freeway) heads southeast toward Hayward and eventually to the California Central Valley; Interstate 880 (Nimitz Freeway) runs south to San Jose; and the Eastshore Freeway (Interstate 80/I-580) runs north, providing connections to Sacramento and San Rafael, respectively.
Interstate 980 (Williams Freeway) begins its eastbound journey at I-880 in Downtown Oakland before turning into State Route 24 (Grove Shafter Freeway) at I-580. State Route 13 begins as the Warren Freeway at I-580, and runs through a scenic valley in the Montclair District before entering Berkeley. A stub of a planned freeway was constructed at the High Street exit from the Nimitz Freeway, but that freeway extension plan was abandoned.
Portion of the collapsed Cypress Viaduct from the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake. At the time of the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, the Cypress Street Viaduct double-deck segment of the Nimitz Freeway collapsed, killing 42 people. The old freeway segment had passed through the middle of West Oakland, forming a barrier between West Oakland neighborhoods. Following the earthquake, this section was rerouted around the perimeter of West Oakland and rebuilt in 1999.
The east span of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge also suffered damage from the quake when a 50-foot (15-m) section of the upper deck collapsed onto the lower deck; the damaged section was repaired within a month of the earthquake. As a result of Loma Prieta, a significant seismic retrofit was performed on the western span of the Bay Bridge. The eastern span has now been replaced with a dramatic single-tower self-anchoring suspension span.
Two underwater tunnels, the Webster and Posey Tubes, connect the main island of Alameda to downtown Oakland, coming above ground in Chinatown. In addition, the Park Street, Fruitvale, and High Street bridges connect Alameda to East Oakland over the Oakland Estuary. In the hills, the Leimert Bridge crosses Dimond Canyon, connecting the Oakmore neighborhood to Park Boulevard. The Caldecott Tunnel carries Highway 24 through the Berkeley Hills, connecting central Contra Costa County to Oakland.
The Caldecott has four bores. Freight rail Freight service, which consists primarily of moving shipping containers to and from the Port of Oakland, is provided today by Union Pacific Railroad (UP), and to a lesser extent by BNSF Railway (which now shares the tracks of the UP between Richmond and Oakland). Historically, Oakland was served by several railroads. Besides the transcontinental line of the Southern Pacific, there was also the Santa Fe (whose Oakland terminal was actually in Emeryville), the Western Pacific Railroad (who built a pier adjacent to the SP's), and the Sacramento Northern Railroad (eventually absorbed by the Western Pacific, which in turn was absorbed by UP in 1983).
Shipping As one of the three major ports on the West Coast of the United States, the Port of Oakland is the largest seaport on San Francisco Bay and the fifth busiest container port in the United States. It was one of the earliest seaports to switch to containerization and to intermodal container transfer, thereby displacing the Port of San Francisco, which never modernized its waterfront. One of the earlier limitations to growth was the inability to transfer containers to rail lines, all cranes historically operating between ocean vessels and trucks.
In the 1980s, the Port of Oakland began the evaluation of development of an intermodal container transfer capability, i.e., facilities that now allow trans-loading of containers from vessels to either trucks or rail modes. Utilities Water and sewage treatment are provided by East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD). Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG & E) provides natural gas and electricity service.
Municipal garbage collection is franchised to Waste Management, Inc. Telecommunications and subscriber television services are provided by multiple private corporations and other service providers in accordance with the competitive objectives of the Telecommunications Act of 1996. Oakland tops the list of the 50 largest US cities using electricity from renewable sources. Healthcare Alta Bates Summit Medical Center Originating in Oakland, Kaiser Permanente, is an HMO started in 1942, during World War II, by industrialist Henry J.
Kaiser to provide medical care for Kaiser Shipyards workers. It is the largest managed care organization in the United States and the largest non-governmental health care provider in the world. It is headquartered at One Kaiser Plaza in Downtown Oakland and maintains a large medical center in the Piedmont Avenue neighborhood. Alta Bates Summit Medical Center, an East Bay hospital system, maintains its Summit Campus in the neighborhood known as "Pill Hill" north of downtown.
Until 2000, it was the Summit Medical Center before merging with Berkeley-based Alta Bates. All campuses now operate under the Sutter Health network. Alameda County Medical Center is operated by the county and provides medical services to county residents, including the medically indigent who do not have health insurance. The main campus, Highland Hospital in East Oakland, is the trauma center for the northern area of the East Bay.
Children's Hospital Oakland is the primary medical center specializing in pediatrics in the East Bay. It is a designated Level I pediatric trauma center and the only independent children's hospital in Northern California. Notable people Main article: List of people from Oakland, California International relations Sister cities Oakland has 12 sister cities: Country City Year of Partnership Japan Fukuoka 1962 Ghana Sekondi Takoradi 1975 China Dalian 1982 Portugal Funchal 1999 Cuba Santiago de Cuba 2000 Vietnam Da Nang 2005 Nigeria Benin City 2010 Haiti Port-de-Paix 2011 China Foshan Nigeria Bauchi Jamaica Ocho Rios Russia Nakhodka Friendship cities Oakland has 18 friendship cities.
: - Agadir, Morocco - Bahir Dar, Ethiopia - Changping District, China - Chengdu, China - Guangzhou, China - Haikou, China - Jing'an District, China - Jinzhou, China - Jurong, China - Maoming, China - Mianyang, China - Nanning, China - Pudong, China - Qingdao, China - SongShang, China - Tanggu District, China - Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia - Weifang, China See also List of cities and towns in the San Francisco Bay Area Mayors of Oakland Oakland tallest buildings Oakland Ebonics controversy References ^ "Legal Briefs" (PDF).
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Sister-cities.org. Retrieved April 5, 2017. External links Find more aboutOakland, Californiaat Wikipedia's sister projects Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity Official website Visit Oakland: Oakland Convention and Visitors Bureau Oakland on LocalWiki "Oakland".
U.S. City Open Data Census. UK: Open Knowledge Foundation. "Oakland". C-SPAN Cities Tour. January 2016. Places adjacent to Oakland, California Emeryville Berkeley OrindaMoraga San Francisco Oakland Alameda San Leandro Links to related articles v t e Oakland, California Economy Port of Oakland List of companies Education Higher education California College of the Arts Holy Names University Laney College Lincoln University Merritt College Mills College Samuel Merritt University Patten University Primary and secondary education Oakland USD Castlemont High Coliseum College Prep Academy Fremont High McClymonds High MetWest High Oakland High Oakland Technical High Skyline High American Indian Model Schools High School The Crucible Bishop O'Dowd High School The College Preparatory School Head-Royce School Oakland School for the Arts St.
Elizabeth High School Government Mayors City Hall City Council Fire Department Police Department History Oakland Railroad Company Oakland Army Base Key System Naval Supply Depot Black Panther Party 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake Oakland firestorm of 1991 Oscar Grant shooting Oakland Police shootings Riders scandal Your Black Muslim Bakery Occupy Oakland Oakland Tribune 2016 warehouse fire Timeline Sports Golden State Warriors Oakland Athletics Oakland Raiders Transportation San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge Caldecott Tunnel Posey and Webster Street Tubes MacArthur Maze Interstate 580 Interstate 880 Warren Freeway International Boulevard Cypress Street Viaduct Bay Area Rapid Transit 19th Street BART 12th Street Oakland City Center BART Lake Merritt BART MacArthur BART Oakland Coliseum Station Rockridge BART West Oakland BART Oakland – Jack London Square Amtrak Oakland International Airport BART station AC Transit Uptown Transit Center Eastmont Transit Center Other Neighborhoods Notable people Tallest buildings Children's Hospital Mountain View Cemetery Lake Merritt Temescal Creek Sausal Creek Crime Alameda County San Francisco Bay Area California United States v t e Oakland, California neighborhoods Downtown / Lake Merritt Adams Point Chinatown City Center Civic Center Crocker Highlands Grand Lake Jack London District Jack London Square Lakeside Apartments District Old Oakland Trestle Glen Uptown Cleveland Heights East Oakland Dimond District Eastmont Elmhurst Fruitvale Havenscourt Jingletown Laurel Millsmont Maxwell Park Ridgemont San Antonio Seminary Sobrante Park North Oakland Bushrod Park Golden Gate Koreatown Longfellow Piedmont Avenue Rockridge Santa Fe Temescal West Oakland Acorn Cypress Village Dogtown Ghost Town Lower Bottoms Oakland Point Oakland Hills & Foothills Claremont Glenview Grass Valley Joaquin Miller Park Panoramic Hill Redwood Heights Montclair Mountain View Cemetery Piedmont Pines Oakmore Sequoyah Heights v t e Attractions in Oakland, California Landmarks Cathedral of Christ the Light Chapel of the Chimes Children's Fairyland Dunsmuir House First Unitarian Church Jack London Square Kaiser Building Lake Merritt Leimert Bridge City Hall Oakland Temple Pardee Home Preservation Park René C.
Davidson Courthouse Rockridge Market Hall Ronald V. Dellums Federal Building USS Potomac Tribune Tower Oakland Technical High School Evergreen Cemetery Mountain View Cemetery Museums African American Museum Chabot Space and Science Center Oakland Aviation Museum Oakland Museum of California Zoos and parks Anthony Chabot Regional Park Huckleberry Botanic Regional Preserve Joaquin Miller Park Knowland Park Lake Temescal Leona Canyon Regional Open Space Preserve Morcom Rose Garden Mosswood Park Oakland Zoo Redwood Regional Park Robert Sibley Volcanic Regional Preserve Temescal Regional Park Entertainment Kaiser Convention Center Grand Lake Theater Oakland East Bay Symphony Paramount Theater Fox Theater Yoshi's Art Murmur Sports Oakland Athletics Oakland Raiders Golden State Warriors Oakland Alameda Coliseum Oracle Arena Shopping districts Oakland City Center Rockridge v t e Municipalities and communities of Alameda County, California, United States County seat: Oakland Cities Alameda Albany Berkeley Dublin Emeryville Fremont Hayward Livermore Newark Oakland Piedmont Pleasanton San Leandro Union City CDPs Ashland Castro Valley Cherryland Fairview San Lorenzo Sunol Unincorporated communities Albrae Altamont Asco Baumberg Brightside Brookshire Carpenter Dougherty Dresser East Pleasanton Farwell Hall Station Halvern Kilkare Woods Komandorski Village Lorenzo Station Mattos Mendenhall Springs Midway Mountain House Mowry Landing Radum San Ramon Village Scotts Corner Sorenson Verona Former settlements Alden Alisal Alvarado Ann Brooklyn Carnegie Decoto Drawbridge Eden Landing Elliot Goecken Greenville Hacienda Hayward Heath Laddville Larkin's Landing Lynn Mallard Melita Merienda Monte Vista Mount Eden Remillard Robert Russell City Stokes Landing Tesla v t e San Francisco Bay Area Bodies of water Bodega Bay Carquinez Strait Clifton Forebay Golden Gate Grizzly Bay Guadalupe River Half Moon Bay Lake Berryessa Napa River Oakland Estuary Petaluma River Richardson Bay Richmond Inner Harbor Russian River Sacramento River San Francisco Bay San Leandro Bay San Pablo Bay Sonoma Creek Suisun Bay Tomales Bay Counties Alameda Contra Costa Marin Napa San Francisco San Mateo Santa Clara Solano Sonoma Major cities San Jose San Francisco Oakland Cities and towns 100k–250k Antioch Berkeley Concord Daly City Fairfield Fremont Hayward Richmond Santa Clara Santa Rosa Sunnyvale Vallejo Cities and towns 50k–99k Alameda Brentwood Castro Valley Cupertino Livermore Milpitas Mountain View Napa Novato Palo Alto Petaluma Pittsburg Pleasanton Redwood City San Leandro San Mateo San Rafael San Ramon South San Francisco Union City Vacaville Walnut Creek Cities and towns 25k-50k Belmont Benicia Burlingame Campbell Danville Dublin East Palo Alto Foster City Gilroy Los Altos Los Gatos Martinez Menlo Park Morgan Hill Newark Oakley Pacifica Pleasant Hill Rohnert Park San Bruno San Carlos San Pablo Saratoga Suisun City Windsor Cities and towns 10k–25k Alamo Albany American Canyon Ashland Bay Point Cherryland Clayton Discovery Bay Dixon El Cerrito El Sobrante Emeryville Fairview Half Moon Bay Healdsburg Hercules Hillsborough Lafayette Larkspur Millbrae Mill Valley Moraga North Fair Oaks Orinda Piedmont Pinole San Anselmo San Lorenzo Sonoma Stanford Tamalpais-Homestead Valley Sub-regions East Bay North Bay San Francisco Peninsula Silicon Valley South Bay Politics Sports Transportation v t e California county seats Consolidated city-county San Francisco Municipalities Alturas Auburn Bakersfield Colusa Crescent City El Centro Eureka Fairfield Fresno Hanford Hollister Jackson Lakeport Los Angeles Madera Martinez Marysville Merced Modesto Napa Nevada City Oakland Oroville Placerville Red Bluff Redding Redwood City Riverside Sacramento Salinas San Bernardino San Diego San Jose San Luis Obispo San Rafael Santa Ana Santa Barbara Santa Cruz Santa Rosa Sonora Stockton Susanville Ukiah Ventura Visalia Willows Woodland Yreka Yuba City CDPs Bridgeport Downieville Independence Mariposa Markleeville Quincy San Andreas Weaverville v t e Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in California Eric Garcetti (Los Angeles) Kevin Faulconer (San Diego) Sam Liccardo (San Jose) London Breed (acting) (San Francisco) Lee Brand (Fresno) Darrell Steinberg (Sacramento) Robert Garcia (Long Beach) Libby Schaaf (Oakland) Karen Goh (Bakersfield) Tom Tait (Anaheim) Miguel A.
Pulido (Santa Ana) Rusty Bailey (Riverside) Anthony Silva (Stockton) Mary Salas (Chula Vista) Don Wagner (Irvine) Lily Mei (Fremont) R. Carey Davis (San Bernardino) Garrad Marsh (Modesto) Acquanetta Warren (Fontana) Tim Flynn (Oxnard) Jesse Molina (Moreno Valley)* Mike Posey (Huntington Beach)* Paula Devine (Glendale)* Marsha McLean (Santa Clarita)* Jim Wood (Oceanside) Bao Nguyen (Garden Grove) L.
Dennis Michael (Rancho Cucamonga) John Sawyer (Santa Rosa)* Paul S. Leon (Ontario) Gary Davis (Elk Grove) Eugene Montanez (Corona)* R. Rex Parris (Lancaster) James C. Ledford Jr. (Palmdale) Barbara Halliday (Hayward) Joe Gunter (Salinas) Elliot Rothman (Pomona) Jim Griffith (Sunnyvale) Sam Abed (Escondido) Patrick J. Furey (Torrance) Terry Tornek (Pasadena) Teresa Smith (Orange) Greg Sebourn (Fullerton)* Carol Garcia (Roseville) Steve Nelsen (Visalia) Al Adam (Thousand Oaks)* Tim Grayson (Concord)* Bob Huber (Simi Valley) Jamie L.
Matthews (Santa Clara) Gloria Garcia (Victorville) Bob Sampayan (Vallejo) Jesse Arreguín (Berkeley) Andre Quintero (El Monte) Luis H. Marquez (Downey)* Matt Hall (Carlsbad) Stephen Mensinger (Costa Mesa)* Harry T. Price (Fairfield) Jeff Comerchero (Temecula) James T. Butts Jr. (Inglewood) Wade Harper (Antioch) Harry Ramos (Murrieta) Cheryl Heitmann (Ventura)* Tom Butt (Richmond) Fredrick Sykes (West Covina)* Luigi Vernola (Norwalk)* Raymond A.
Buenaventura (Daly City) Bob Frutos (Burbank)* Alice Patino (Santa Maria) Nathan Magsig (Clovis)* Bill Wells (El Cajon) Maureen Freschet (San Mateo)* Judy Ritter (Vista) Brad Hancock (Jurupa Valley) ^* Mayor selected from city council Other states AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY v t e State of California Sacramento (capital) Topics Culture Food Music Myth Sports Demographics Earthquakes Economy Education Environment Geography Climate Ecology Flora Fauna Government Capitol Districts Governor Legislature Supreme Court Healthcare History Law National Historic Landmarks National Natural Landmarks NRHP listings Politics Congressional delegations Elections People Protected areas State Parks State Historic Landmarks Symbols Transportation Water Index of articles Regions Antelope Valley Big Sur California Coast Ranges Cascade Range Central California Central Coast Central Valley Channel Islands Coachella Valley Coastal California Conejo Valley Cucamonga Valley Death Valley East Bay (SF Bay Area) East County (SD) Eastern California Emerald Triangle Gold Country Great Basin Greater San Bernardino Inland Empire Klamath Basin Lake Tahoe Greater Los Angeles Los Angeles Basin Lost Coast Mojave Desert Mountain Empire North Bay (SF) North Coast North Coast (SD) Northern California Owens Valley Oxnard Plain Peninsular Ranges Pomona Valley Sacramento Valley Salinas Valley San Fernando Valley San Francisco Bay Area San Francisco Peninsula San Gabriel Valley San Joaquin Valley Santa Clara Valley Santa Clara River Valley Santa Clarita Valley Santa Ynez Valley Shasta Cascade Sierra Nevada Silicon Valley South Bay (LA) South Bay (SD) South Bay (SF) South Coast Southern Border Region Southern California Transverse Ranges Tri-Valley Victor Valley Wine Country Metro regions Metropolitan Fresno Los Angeles metropolitan area Greater Sacramento San Bernardino-Riverside metropolitan area San Francisco metropolitan area San Diego–Tijuana Counties Alameda Alpine Amador Butte Calaveras Colusa Contra Costa Del Norte El Dorado Fresno Glenn Humboldt Imperial Inyo Kern Kings Lake Lassen Los Angeles Madera Marin Mariposa Mendocino Merced Modoc Mono Monterey Napa Nevada Orange Placer Plumas Riverside Sacramento San Benito San Bernardino San Diego San Francisco San Joaquin San Luis Obispo San Mateo Santa Barbara Santa Clara Santa Cruz Shasta Sierra Siskiyou Solano Sonoma Stanislaus Sutter Tehama Trinity Tulare Tuolumne Ventura Yolo Yuba Most populous cities Los Angeles San Diego San Jose San Francisco Fresno Sacramento Long Beach Oakland Bakersfield Anaheim Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 125244396 LCCN: n79118971 GND: 4117963-8 BNF: cb12566437f (data) Retrieved from "https://en.
Title: Alice Art Center Oakland